Aktivitas Ngengat Scirpophaga incertulas di Wilayah Kabupaten Klaten

https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.9389

Mohammad Yunus(1*), Edhi Martono(2), Arman Wijonarko(3), RC Hidayat Soesilohadi(4)

(1) Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Tadulako Palu
(2) Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta
(3) Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta
(4) Fakultas Biologi Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The activities of Scirpophaga incertulas adult from Klaten Regency were studied from April to November 2010. The purposes of this study were to observe the activity of moth after adult emergence, their flying activity, and eggs oviposition. Two hundred pupae were collected from the field, then incubated in the laboratory and observed every hour for 72 hours. Flying activity was observed every hour by counting the number of moths that were found in the light traps. This observation was replicated three times during the dark; from 6:00 p.m. to 6:00 a.m. Oviposition activity of moths was observed by infesting twenty females of insect on the rice plants planted in the polybag and covered with plastic sheet. This oviposition activity was also observed every hour during the dark; from 6:00 p.m. to 6:00 a.m. in order to get the number of egg-laying moths. The results showed that the emergence of S. incertulas moth was mainly from 2:00 to 4:00 a.m., the flying activity was detected mostly from 6:00 p.m. to 1:00 a.m., and the moths ovipositing activity was mainly occured from 7:00 to 11:00 p.m. In addition, we found that the intensity of light affected the number of moths coming into the light trap. The light exposed from the 23 Watt lamp (1,500 lumen) was twice more effective in attracting the moths than the 11 Watt lamp (700 lumen).


Keywords


moth activity; Scirpophaga incertulas; stem borer

Full Text:

PDF


References

Ahmad T. & M.S. Ansari. 2010. Studies on Seasonal Abundance of Diamondback Moth Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Yponomeutidae) on Cauliflower Crop. Journal of Plant Protection Research 50: 280–287.

Anonim. 2009. Penggerek Batang Padi. http://bbpadi.litbang.deptan.go.id/index.php?option, diakses 12/1/09.
Bawolye, J. & M. Syam. 2006. Hama Penggerek Batang. http://balitpa.litbang.deptan.go.id, diakses 1/12/09.

Calatayud, P.A., H. Guénégo, B. Le Rü, J. F. Silvain & B. Frérot. 2007. Temporal Patterns of Emergence, Calling Behaviour and Oviposition Period of The Maize Stem Borer, Busseola fusca (Fuller) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 43: 63–68.

Catling, H.D. & Z. Islam 1995. Studies on The Ecology of The Yellow Stem Borer Scirpophaga incertulas (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), in Deepwater Rice in Bangladesh. Crop Protection 14: 57–67.

Danks, H.V. 2003. Studying Insect Photoperiodism and Rhythmicity: Components, Approaches, and Lessons. European Journal of Entomology 100: 209–221.

Elzinga, R.J. 1997. Fundamentals of Entomology. 4th ed. Prentice Hall, New Jersey. 512 p.

Hsiao, H.S. 1973. Flight Paths of Night-flying Moths to Light. Journal of Insect Physiology 19: 1971–1976.

Hu, Y. & D.A. Andow. 2011. Field Observations of Ostrinia nubilalis Eclosion and Posteclosion Activity of Females around their Natal Plants. Insect Science 18: 712–718.

Hugar, S.V., M.I. Naik, & D.M. Manjunatha. 2009. Comparative Biology of Yellow Stem Borer, Scirpophaga incertulas Walker in Aerobic and Transplanted Rice. Mysore Journal of Agricultural Sciences 43: 439–443.

Islam, Z. & H.D. Catling. 1991. Biology and Behaviour of Rice Yellow Stem Borer in Deep Water Rice. Journal of Plant Protection in the Tropics 8: 85–96.

Khan, Z.R., J.A. Litsinger, A.T. Barion, F.F.D. Villanueva, N.J. Fernandez, & L.D. Taylor. 1991. World Bibliography of Rice Stem Borers, 1794–1990. IRRI ICIPE, Los Banos. 415 p.

Lazzari C.R. & T.C. Insausti. 2008. Circadian Rhythms in Insects, p. 1–18. In M.L. Fanjul, Moles & R.A. Roblero (eds.), Comparative Aspects of Circadian Rhythms. Transworld Research Network. 37/661 (2), Fort P.O., Trivandrum-695 023, Kerala, India.

Mahrub, E. 1999. Kajian Pengendalian Alami Penggerek Batang Padi Kuning Scirpophaga incertulas (Walker). Disertasi. Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta. 209 p.

Pathak, M.D. & Z.R. Khan. 1994. Insect Pests of Rice. IRRI, Philippines. 89 p. Shahjahan, M.D. 2002. Oviposition Preference of Scirpophaga incertulas (Walker) on Different Varieties of Rice Under Caged Condition. Pakistan Journal of Science and Industrial Research 45: 267–272.

Showler & Castro. 2010. Mexican Rice Borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) Oviposition Site Selection Stimuli on Sugarcane and Potential Field Applications. Journal of Economic Entomology 103: 1180–1186.

Smith, A.D., D.R. Reynolds, & J.R. Riley. 2000. The Use of Vertical-looking Radar to Continuously Monitor The Insect Fauna Flying at Altitude Over Southern England. Bulletin of Entomological Research 90: 265–277.

Soejitno. 1991. Bionomi dan Pengendalian Hama Penggerek Batang Padi, p. 713–735. In E. Soenarjo, D.S. Damardjati, & M. Syam (eds.), Padi 3. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan, Bogor.

Sriharta. 2010. Luas Serangan OPT Padi di Kecamatan Karangdowo Kabupaten Klaten. Laporan Teknis Bulanan Tahun 2010. Petugas Pengamat Organisme Pengganggu Tanaman Kabupaten Klaten. 14 p.

Tammaru, T. & J. Javoiš 2000. Responses of Ovipositing Moths (Lepidoptera: Geometridae) to Host Plant Deprivation: Life-history Aspects and Implications for Population Dynamics. Environmental Entomology 29: 1002–1010.

Untung, K. 1993. Pengantar Pengelolaan Hama Terpadu. Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta. 273 p.

White, C.B. & M. Shardlow. 2011. A Review of the Impact of Artificial Light on Invertebrates. Bug life The Invertebrate Conservation Trust, UK. 32 p.
Wigenasantana, M.S. 1982. Perubahan Populasi Penggerek Batang Padi Kuning (Tryporyza incertulas Walker, Lepidotera: Pyralidae) dan Hubungannya dengan Kehilangan Hasil Padi. Disertasi. Fakultas Pertanian IPB, Bogor.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.9389

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1207 | views : 1327

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2011 Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

Accredited Journal, Based on Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 30/E/KPT/2018, Vol. 21 No. 1 the Year 2017 - Vol. 25 No. 1 the Year 2021.Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia ISSN 1410-1637 (print), ISSN 2548-4788 (online) indexed by: