Study of Polymeric Membranes Potential for Eugenol Purification from Crude Clove leaf Oil

https://doi.org/10.22146/ajche.49539

Tutuk Djoko Kusworo(1*), Danny Soetrisnanto(2), Widayat Widayat(3), Budiyono Budiyono(4), Dani Puji Utomo(5)

(1) Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, University of Diponegoro, Jl. Prof. Sudharto, Tembalang, Semarang, 50239, Indonesia
(2) Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, University of Diponegoro, Jl. Prof. Sudharto, Tembalang, Semarang, 50239, Indonesia
(3) Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, University of Diponegoro, Jl. Prof. Sudharto, Tembalang, Semarang, 50239, Indonesia
(4) Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, University of Diponegoro, Jl. Prof. Sudharto, Tembalang, Semarang, 50239, Indonesia
(5) Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, University of Diponegoro, Jl. Prof. Sudharto, Tembalang, Semarang, 50239, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Clove oil is an agricultural commodity with economic value. This essential oil can be obtained from flowers, stems, and leaves of clove plants. The quality of clove oil can be evaluated from eugenol levels in oil. An increase in eugenol levels from 70% to 98% can increase oil prices by up to 3 times. Oil obtained from clove leaves has a low eugenol content of 60-70%, therefore the purification is needed to improve the quality of oil. Membrane based separation for eugenol purification was suggested in this paper as new concept in essential oils purification processes. This study aimed to explore the suitable polymer as membrane material for eugenol purification. PES, PA, CA and PI were used in this study, where the membranes were prepared via NIPS technique using manual casting knife to form flat sheet membranes. The membranes were immersed in eugenol to evaluate the solubility. The insoluble membrane was used for purification performance test in membrane filtration cell. The results show that PES and PA membranes were completely dissolved in eugenol in less than 1 minute, while PI and CA membranes were insoluble in eugenol. However, the PI membrane has much lower solvent permeability than CA membrane. The thermal annealed PES membrane for 3 h at 180°C dissolved in eugenol in 30 minutes for complete dissolution. It is concluded that PI and CA membranes can be used as membrane material for eugenol purification but CA more favorable, while PES membrane has a potential for similar purposes after being thermal annealed. However, these findings can offer an important reference for the application of polymeric membranes for clove oil purification through an effective and efficient process.

Keywords


Clove oil, dead-end filtration, Eugenol, Polymeric Membrane, Purification

Full Text:

PDF


References

  1. Amnuaypanich,   S.,   Patthana,   J.,   & Phinyocheep,  P.  (2009).  Mixed  matrix membranes   prepared   from   natural rubber/poly    (vinyl    alcohol)    semi-interpenetrating     polymer     network (NR/PVA semi-IPN) incorporating with zeolite    4A    for    the    pervaporation dehydration        of        water–ethanol mixtures.       Chemical       Engineering Science, 64(23), 4908-4918.
  2. Ayoola,     G.     A.,     Lawore,     F.     M., Adelowotan,     T.,      Aibinu,     I.     E., Adenipekun,   E.,   Coker,   H.   A.   B.,   & Odugbemi,   T.   O.   (2008).   Chemical analysis  and  antimicrobial  activity  of the     essential     oil     of     Syzigium aromaticum (clove). African Journal of Microbiology Research, 2(7), 162-166.
  3. Boam, A. Meniconi, and X. Wu,(2013).Membrane-based       processes       for selectively  fractionating  essential  oils. WO Patent No. 2013167307 A1.
  4. Carlson,    L.    H.    C.,    Bolzan,    A.,    & Machado,  R.  A.  F.  (2005).  Separation of  d-limonene  from  supercritical  CO2by  means  of  membranes.The  Journal of supercritical fluids,34(2), 143-147.
  5. Chaieb,  K.,  Hajlaoui,  H.,  Zmantar,  T., Kahla‐Nakbi,  A.  B.,  Rouabhia,  M., Mahdouani,  K.,  &  Bakhrouf,  A.  (2007). The     chemical     composition     and biological  activity  of  clove  essential oil,  Eugenia   caryophyllata  (Syzigium aromaticum   L.   Myrtaceae):   a   short review. Phytotherapy    Research:    An International     Journal     Devoted     to Pharmacological     and     Toxicological Evaluation      of      Natural      Product Derivatives, 21(6), 501-506.
  6. Dupuy,    A.,    Athes,    V.,    Schenk,    J., Jenelten,   U.,   &   Souchon,   I. (2011). Solvent  extraction  of  highly  valuable oxygenated    terpenes    from    lemon essential   oil   using   a   polypropylene membrane   contactor:   potential   and limitations.Flavour     and     fragrance journal,26(3), 192-203.
  7. Guan,  W.,  Li,  S.,  Yan,  R.,  Tang,  S.,  & Quan,    C.    (2007).    Comparison    of essential  oils  of  clove  buds  extracted with  supercritical  carbon  dioxide  and other    three    traditional    extraction methods. Food    Chemistry,    101(4), 1558-1564.
  8. Hidayati,  N.  (2003).  Ekstraksi  eugenol dari   minyak   daun   cengkeh. Jurnal Teknik Gelagar, 14(2), 108-114.
  9. Kusworo,  T.  D.,  Soetrisnanto,  D.,  & Utomo, D. P. (2018a). Development of Nano-hybrid   Cellulose   Acetate/TiO2 Membrane   for   Eugenol   Purification from  Crude  Clove  Leaf  Oil.  In MATEC Web   ofConferences(Vol.   156,   p. 08013). EDP Sciences.
  10. Kusworo,   T.   D.,   Utomo,   D.   P.,   & Ramadhan, I. R. (2018b). Enhancement of  separation  performance  of  nano hybrid   PES–TiO2   membrane   using three       combination      effects       of ultraviolet irradiation, ethanol-acetone immersion,   and thermal   annealing process  for  CO2  removal. Journal  of Environmental  Chemical  Engineering, 6(2), 2865-2873.
  11. Kusworo,  T.  D.,  Aryanti,  N.,  &  Utomo, D.  P.  (2017a).  Effect  of  ultraviolet  on the  morphology  and  performance  of PES-nano-silica  hybrid  membrane  for produced  water  treatment. Advanced Science Letters, 23(6), 5744-5747.
  12. Kusworo, T. D., Aryanti, N., Anggita, R. A.,  Setyorini,  T.  A.  D.,  &  Utomo,  D.  P. (2017b).    Surface    modification    and performance        enhancement        of polyethersulfone     (PES)     membrane using   combination   of   ultra   violet irradiation  and  thermal  annealing  for produced  water  treatment. Journal  of Environmental           Science           and Technology, 10(1), 35-43.
  13. Marwati,  T.,  Rusli,  M.  S.,  Noor,  E.,  & Mulyono, E. (2005). Peningkatan mutu minyak  daun  cengkeh  melalui  proses pemurnian.Jurnal                 Penelitian Pascapanen Pertanian,2(2), 45-52.
  14. Moghadassi, A. R., Rajabi, Z., Hosseini, S.   M.,   &   Mohammadi,   M.   (2014). Fabrication     and     modification     of cellulose  acetate  based  mixed  matrix membrane:     Gas     separation     and physical      properties.      Journal      of Industrial  and  Engineering  Chemistry, 20(3), 1050-1060.
  15. Nasution,  I.  K.,  Susilo,  B.,  &  Nugroho, W.  A.  (2013).  Uji  Kinerja  Alat  Pemurni Minyak  Atsiri  Daun  Cengkeh  (Clove Leaf  Oil)  berbasis  Membran  Kitosan-Selulosa.Jurnal  Keteknikan Pertanian Tropis dan Biosistem,2(1).9-14.
  16. Peev,  G.,  Penchev,  P.,  Peshev,  D.,  & Angelov,  G.  (2011).  Solvent  extraction of  rosmarinic  acid  from  lemon  balm and    concentration    of    extracts    by nanofiltration:   Effect   of   plant   pre-treatment    by supercritical    carbon dioxide.Chemical               Engineering Research   and   Design,89(11),   2236-2243.
  17. Rassem,  H.  H.,  &  Nour,  A.  H.  (2016). Techniques  for  extraction  of  essential oils  from  plants:  a  review. Australian Journal  of  Basic  and  Applied  Sciences, 10(16), 117-127.
  18. Suarya,  P.  (2008).  Adsorpsi  pengotor minyak  daun  cengkeh  oleh  lempung teraktivasi asam.Jurnal kimia,2(1).19-24
  19. Tylkowski,B.,I.Tsibranska, R.Kochanov, G.Peev,       & M. Giamberini.(2011). Concentration   of biologically        active        compounds extracted   from   Sideritis   ssp.   L.   by nanofiltration. Food       BioproductsProcessing.,89(4), 307-314.
  20. Vaisali,       Chandrasekar,       Sampath Charanyaa,  Prasanna  D.  Belur,  and  I. Regupathi.  "Refining  of  edible  oils:  a critical    appraisal    of    current    and potential  technologies." International Journal  of  Food  Science  &  Technology50, no. 1 (2015): 13-23.
  21. Van  de  Witte,  P.,  Dijkstra,  P.  J.,  Van den  Berg,  J.  W.  A.,  &  Feijen,  J.  (1996). Phase      separation      processes      in polymer    solutions    in    relation    to membrane    formation. Journal    of membrane science, 117(1-2), 1-31.
  22. Widayat,  W.,  Haidar,  M.  H.,  Cahyono, B.,  Ngadiwiyana,  N.,  Nurdiana,  L.,  & Satriadi,  H.  (2014a).  Proses  Destilasi Vakum  Pada  Minyak  Cengkeh  Pada Tekanan      Vakum:      Simulasi      Dan Eksperimen.     InProsiding     Seminar Nasional  Rekayasa  Kimia  dan  Proses 2013,17, 1-6. Department of Chemical Engineering, Diponegoro University.
  23. Widayat,  W.,  Hadiyanto,  H.,  Cahyono, B.,    &    Ngadiwiyana,    N.    (2014b). Optimization  in  Eugenol  Production from  Clove  Oil  with  Saponification–Neutralization     Process     by     using Response          Surface          Methods. InProsiding  International  Seminar  on Chemical  Engineering  In  conjunction with  Chemical  Engineering  Seminar  of Soehadi  Reksowardojo  2014(pp.  729-740).      Department      of      Chemical Engineering        Institut        Teknologi Bandung Indonesia.
  24. Yi,  Y.D.,  and  Bae,  Y.  2017.  Swelling behaviors      of      proton      exchange membranes  in  alcohols. Polymer,  130, 112-123.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ajche.49539

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 74 | views : 54

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.