Evaluation of Spirulina platensis in Bicarbonate- Based Integrated Carbon Capture and Algae Production System utilizing different culture media


Christelle Paula Cortez Batac(1), Nadeine San Juan Gathercole(2), Ana Katrina Fajardo Maravilla(3), Arnel Bas Beltran(4*)

(1) De La Salle University
(2) De La Salle University
(3) De La Salle University
(4) De La Salle University
(*) Corresponding Author


A method known as Bicarbonate-based Integrated Carbon Capture andAlgae Production System (BICCAPS), is a growing study introduced as an alternative to current carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) methods. It is a closed-loop cycle involving inorganic carbon in the form of bicarbonates, which is consumed by microalgae for growth and utilizes the regenerated carbonates for another cycle of carbon capture. Existing literature requires more in-depth experimentation and analysis with regards to the viability of different microorganisms to the rising method. Spirulina platensis was evaluated in BICCAPS using 0.1M Na2CO3, employing three different culture media for growth, namely, modified Zarrouk’s, NPK- based, and NPK- based with A5 solution media. Biomass growth, productivity, and carbon dioxide utilization were investigated to determine the effectivity of BICCAPS as a carbon sequestration technique. At control conditions, NPK-based with A5 solution medium yielded the highest productivity with a value of 10.81 mg L-1 day-1. Likewise, using NaHCO3 as a carbon source, results show that the highest productivity was achieved also under NPK- based with A5 solution medium with a value of 6.80 mg L-1 day-1, as well as a high carbon conversion value of 2.092 day-1.


BICCAPS; Carbon Capture; Modified Zarrouk’s Medium; NPK-based Medium; Sodium Bicarbonate; Spirulina platensis

Full Text:



  1. Beltran, A. B., Gravador, D. C., Ty, B. L. O., and Wu, J. M. O. (2018). "Evaluation of Ankistrodesmus Falcatus for Bicarbonate- Based Integrated Carbon Capture System (BICCAPS)," 03016, 1–5.
  2. CCSA. (2011). What is CCS. Retrieved from http://www.ccsassociation.org/what-is-ccs/
  3. Chi, Z., Xie, Y., Elloy, F., Zheng, Y., Hu, Y., and Chen, S. (2013a). "Bicarbonate-based Integrated Carbon Capture and Algae Production System with alkalihalophilic cyanobacterium," Bioresour. Technol., 133, 513–521.
  4. Chi, Z., Xie, Y., Elloy, F., Zheng, Y., Hu, Y., and Chen, S. (2013b). "Bicarbonate-based Integrated Carbon Capture and Algae Production System with alkalihalophilic cyanobacterium. Bioresour. Technol., 133, 513–521. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2013.01.150
  5. Guangmin, L., Lina, Q., Hong, Z., Shumei, X., and Dan, Z. (2014). "The capacity of bicarbonate capture of a continuous microalgae photo-bioreactor system," Energy Procedia, 61, 361–364.
  6. Herzog, H., and Golomb, D. (2004). Carbon Capture and Storage from Fossil Fuel Use. In Encyclopedia of Energy, pp. 1–19.
  7. IEA. (2019). Global Energy & CO2 Status Report. Retrieved from https://www.iea.org/geco/emissions/
  8. Kim, G. Y., Heo, J., Kim, H. S., & Han, J. I. (2017). "Bicarbonate-based cultivation of Dunaliella salina for enhancing carbon utilization efficiency," Bioresour. Technol., 237, 72–77.
  9. Kumari, A., Kumar, A., Pathak, A. K., and Guria, C. (2014). "Carbon dioxide assisted Spirulina platensis cultivation using NPK-10:26:26 complex fertilizer in sintered disk chromatographic glass bubble column," J. of CO2 Utilization, 8, 49–59.
  10. Leung, D. Y. C., Caramanna, G., and Maroto-Valer, M. M. (2014). "An overview of current status of carbon dioxide capture and storage technologies," Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev., 39, 426–443.
  11. MIT. (2004). Carbon Capture and Sequestration Technologies. Retrieved July 2, 2017, from https://sequestration.mit.edu/
  12. Mokashi, K., Shetty, V., George, S. A., and Sibi, G. (2016). "Sodium Bicarbonate as Inorganic Carbon Source for Higher Biomass and Lipid Production Integrated Carbon Capture in Chlorella vulgaris." Achievements in the Life Sciences, 10(1), 111–117.
  13. Sayre, R. (2010). "Microalgae: The Potential for Carbon Capture." BioScience, 60(9), 722–727.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ajche.52762

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 4282 | views : 4372


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ASEAN Journal of Chemical Engineering  (print ISSN 1655-4418; online ISSN 2655-5409) is published by Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada.