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PENGELOLAAN KAWASAN PESISIR KABUPATEN BULELENG MELALUI PENGEMBANGAN MINA WISATA BAHARI (Management of Buleleng Coastal Areas Through the Marine Fisheries Tourism Development)

https://doi.org/10.22146/jml.18810

Gede Ari Yudasmara(1*)

(1) Jurusan Budidaya Kelautan, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha, Jl. Udayana No. 11, Singaraja-Bali, 81116.
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Kawasan pesisir Kabupaten Buleleng saat ini telah dimanfaatkan dengan berbagai kegiatan kepariwisataan, akan tetapi kegiatan tersebut masih belum memberikan manfaat yang optimal bagi masyarakat dan memiliki kecenderungan mengalami kejenuhan. Untuk itu, diperlukan suatu pengembangan wisata alternatif yang sesuai dengan kondisi dan potensi sumber daya alam yang ada serta saling bersinergi dengan aktivitas wisata lainnya, seperti contohnya pengembangan mina wisata. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji dan menganalisis kondisi dan potensi sumberdaya alam pesisir dan laut, tingkat kesesuaian kawasan pesisir Buleleng dalam menunjang pengembangan mina wisata dan menghasilkan model aktivitas mina wisata di kawasan pesisir Buleleng yang terpadu dan berkelanjutan. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kesesuaian kawasan dengan rancangan penelitiannya berupa survei lapangan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pesisir Kabupaten Buleleng apabila dilihat dari kondisi dan potensi sumberdaya alamnya masih mampu untuk mendukung aktivitas mina wisata dengan tingkat kesesuaian kawasan berdasarkan indeks kesesuaian wisata, yaitu pesisir Buleleng timur terkategori cukup sesuai (76,92), pesisir Buleleng tengah terkategori cukup sesuai (61,53) dan pesisir Buleleng barat terkategori sangat sesuai (87,17). Rencana model mina wisata yang dapat dikembangkan antara lain pesisir Buleleng timur adalah mina wisata budidaya laut (ikan hias dan karang) dan mina wisata perikanan tangkap (pemancingan dan spearfishing adventures), pesisir Buleleng tengah adalah mina wisata budidaya laut (rumput laut) dan mina wisata perikanan tangkap (pemancingan dan spearfishing adventures), dan pesisir Buleleng barat adalah mina wisata budidaya laut (rumput laut, Bandeng, Kerapu, Mutiara, ikan hias dan karang) dan mina wisata perikanan tangkap (pemancingan dan spearfishing adventures). 

 

ABSTRACT

Buleleng coastal area has been used for various tourism activities, however, the activities have not given an optimum benefit for the community and tend to experience saturation. This study was aimed at investigating the condition and potentiality of the coastal area and the sea, the degree of fit of Buleleng coastal area in supporting the development of fisheries tourism and at producing a model of the coastal area tourism activities that are integrated and sustainable. This study used the approach of area suitability with field survey design. The results showed that Buleleng regency coastal area, viewed from the point of the condition and the potentiality of the natural resources still has the capacity to support fisheries tourism. The model plannings of fisheries tourisms that can be developed, among others, are: the East Buleleng coastal area is suitable for marine culture fisheries tourism (ornamental fish and coral) and fished fisheries tourism (fishing and spearfishing adventures); the central Buleleng coastal area for marine culture fisheries tourism (seaweed) and fished fisheries tourism (fishing and spearfishing adventures), and the West Buleleng coastal area for marine culture fisheries tourism (seaweed, milk fish, grouper, pearl, ornamental fish and coral) and fished fisheries tourism (fishing and spearfishing adventures).


Keywords


kawasan pesisir Buleleng; mina wisata; wisata bahari; pengelolaan; tingkat kesesuaian; Buleleng coastal area; fisheries tourism; level of Conformity; management; marine tourism



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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jml.18810

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