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TINGKAT KEPEKAAN MANGROVE INDONESIA TERHADAP TUMPAHAN MINYAK (The Sensitivity Levels of Indonesian Mangrove to Oil Spills)

https://doi.org/10.22146/jml.22476

Muarif Muarif(1*), Ario Damar(2), Sigid Hariyadi(3), Mennofatria Boer(4), Dewayani Soetrisno(5)

(1) Jurusan Perikanan Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Djuanda, Jl. Tol Ciawi No 1 Bogor 16720.
(2) Pusat Kajian Sumberdaya Pesisir dan Lautan (PKSPL) Institut Pertanian Bogor, Jl Raya Pajajaran Bogor 16143.
(3) Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Institut Pertanian Bogor, Jl. Raya Dramaga Bogor 16680.
(4) Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Institut Pertanian Bogor, Jl. Raya Dramaga Bogor 16680.
(5) Badan Informasi Geospasial (BIG), Jl Raya Cibinong Bogor 16911.
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Kepekaan mangrove merupakan komponen penting dalam menentukan tingkat kepekaan ekosistem mangrove terhadap tumpahan minyak. Mangrove Indonesia dapat dikelompokkan dalam 5 tingkat kepekaan terhadap tumpahan minyak, yaitu tidak peka (Acanthus, Nypa, Inocarpus, Acrostichum), kurang peka (Aegiceras, Excoecaria, Hibiscus, Lumnitzera, Ficus, Scyphiphora, Thespasia, Merope, Osbornea, Pandanus), cukup peka (Bruguiera, Ceriops, Xylocarpus, Heritiera), peka (Rhizophora), dan sangat peka (Avicennia, dan Sonneratia). Penilaian terhadap komunitas mangrove di Indonesia menunjukkan sebagian besar tergolong ke dalam katagori sangat peka dan peka apabila komunitas mangrove tersebut terkena tumpahan minyak.

 

ABSTRACT

The sensitivity of mangrove is an important component to determine the sensitivity of mangrove ecosystem to oil spills. The Indonesian mangrove can be grouped into five levels of sensitivity to the oil spill, include not sensitive (Acanthus, Nypa, Inocarpus, and Acrostichum), low sensitive (Aegiceras, Excoecaria, Hibiscus, Lumnitzera, Ficus, Scyphiphora, Thespasia, Merope, Osbornea, and Pandanus), intermediate sensitive (Bruguiera, Ceriops, Xylocarpus, and Heritiera), sensitive (Rhizophora), and very sensitive (Avicennia, and Sonneratia). Assessment of mangrove communities in Indonesia showed mostly belong to the category of very sensitive and sensitive if the mangrove communities injured by the oil spill.


Keywords


ekosistem; kepekaan; mangrove; pencemaran; tumpahan minyak; ecosystem; sensitivity; mangrove; pollution; oilspill



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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jml.22476

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