Kebiasaan merokok keluarga serumah dengan kejadian pneumonia pada balita di kabupaten Bantul tahun 2015

https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.12832

Rony Darmawansyah Alnur(1*), Djauhar Ismail(2), Retna Siwi Padmawati(3)

(1) Departemen Biostatistik, Epidemiologi dan Kesehatan Populasi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Departemen Ilmu Kesehatan Anask, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Departemen Perilaku Kesehatan, Lingkungan dan Kedokteran Sosial, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The correlation of family smoking habits at home with the incidence of pneumonia among children in Bantul district in 2015

Purpose

This study aimed to analyze the association between family smoking habits at home with the incidence of pneumonia in children.

Methods

This research was a case control study involving 160 children in the district of Bantul (80 with pneumonia and 80 without pneumonia).

Results

There was an association between family smoking habits at home with the incidence of pneumonia in children at Bantul. Furthermore, it was found the other variables that had a association with the incidence of pneumonia in children at Bantul District included the use of mosquito coils, nutritional status of children and crowded household. The variables of maternal education, immunization status, income parents, history of exclusive breastfeeding, history of vitamin A, the type of household fuel, the location of the kitchen, the type of house walls and the activity of burning trash were not associated with the incidence of child pneumonia in the district of Bantul.

Conclusion

It is necessary to conduct health promotion in all households about the impact of family smoking habits on children, especially in a crowded household. Also, there is need to supervise the family members who have the habit of smoking so the are not smoking inside the house, especially in families with children. It is equally important to repair any lowered nutrition status in children.


Keywords


children; smoking habit; pneumonia



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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.12832

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