Stres psikososial dan kejadian kandidiasis vulvovaginalis (KVV) pada wanita pekerja seks di Banyumas

Leyna Chunaifa(1*), Yayi Suryo Prabandari(2), Baning Rahayujati(3)

(1) Departemen Biostatistik, Epidemiologi dan Kesehatan Populasi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Departemen Perilaku Kesehatan, Lingkungan dan Kedokteran Sosial, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Departemen Biostatistik, Epidemiologi dan Kesehatan Populasi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author


Psychosocial stress and vulvovaginal Candidiasis among female sex workers in Banyumas


This study aimed to determine the relationship between psychosocial stress with candidiasis vulvovaginalis (KVV) incidence in female sex workers (FSW).


The research design was a case control study conducted in health center clinics in the Banyumas District. The sample size was 164 FSW (82 cases & 82 control). The research instrument was structured questionnaires, Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS), laboratory equipment and microscopes for inspection KVV. Data analysis used logistic regression tests to calculate odds ratios (OR), confidence interval (CI), and p value.


The multivariate analysis showed that stress was not KVV risk factors, and the risk factors that contribute to the occurrence of KVV in FSW were oral sex (OR = 3.31, 95% CI = 1.60 to 6.83, p-value = 0.001) and smoking more than 10 cigarettes/day (OR = 2.33, 95% CI = 1.2 to 4.59, p-value = 0.014).


The risk factors of KVV were oral sex and smoking ≥ ten cigarettes/day. We recommend to avoid oral sex and smoking < ten cigarettes/day to avoid the risk of KVV infection.


stress psychosocial; candidiasis vulvovaginal; female sex worker; case control


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