Kerentanan Pariwisata dan responnya: Studi Kasus Covid 19 di Kawasan Wisata Kaliurang

https://doi.org/10.22146/gamajts.v4i1.81283

Runavia Mulyasari(1*), Gaffari Rahmadian(2)

(1) Program Studi Pariwisata, Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Univeristas Gadjah Mada
(2) Cultural Anthropology and Development Studies, Radboud University
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This study seeks to understand the impact of the tourism crisis due to the Covid-19 pandemic in the Kaliurang Tourism Area and the emerging vulnerabilities for tourism actors who make tourism their sole livelihood. To understand these conditions, pre-eliminary research was carried out as part of a series of research on tourism and COVID-19. This research was conducted by using qualitative methods from April to October 2021. The results of this pre-eliminary research clearly show that tourism actors in Kaliurang are experiencing a slump due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Tourism, which is the main source of living, is in fact very vulnerable to a prolonged crisis. The impacts and risks that arise in Kaliurang are clearly seen in the economic and socio-cultural sectors. As an effort to survive the tourism actors in Kaliurang are trying to respond to this condition individually and in groups. However, the responses that arise are not only positive but also negative, such as friction and conflict.


Keywords


Vulnerability; Tourism; Response; Risk; Covid-19; Kaliurang

Full Text:

PDF


References

Armenski, T. dkk. 2011. ‘Interaction Between Tourists and Residents: Influence on Tourism Development’ dalam Polish Sociological Review, no. 173 (2011), pp. 107-118.

Buckley, R. 2011. ‘Tourism and Environment’ dalam Annual Review of Environment and Resources, Vol. 36:397-416. doi: https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-environ-041210-132637

Cohen, E. 1978. ‘The Impact of Tourism on The Physical Environment’ dalam Annals of Tourism Research, Vol. 5, Issue 2, April-June 1978, pp. 215-237.

Dinas Pariwisata Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. 2020. Statistik Kepariwisataan 2020. Bantul: Yogyakarta.

Faulkner, B. 2001. ‘Towards a Framework for Tourism Disaster Management’ dalam Tourism Management, 22(2), pp. 135-147.

Hakim, I. M. 2020. ‘Wabah dan Peringatan Perjalanan dalam Persepsi Wisatawan dalam Jurnal Master Pariwisata, 7 (01), pp. 31-51. doi: 10.24843/JUMPA.2020.v07.i01.p02

Koentjaraningrat. 1985. Kebudayaan Mentalitas dan Pembangunan. Jakarta: Gramedia.

Medina, L. (2002). Commoditizing Culture Tourism and Maya Identity. Annals of Tourism Research, 30(2), 353-368.

Ritchie, J. R. B., Goeldner, C. R., dan McIntosh, R. W. 2003. Tourism: Principles, Practices, Philosophies: 9th ed. New Jersey: John Wiley and Son.

Ritchie, B. W. dan Jiang, Y. 2019. ‘A Review of Research on Tourism Risk, Crisis, and Disasater Management: Lauching the Annals of Tourism Research Curated Collection on Tourism Risk, Crisis, and Disaster Management’ dalam Annals of Tourism Research, 79, pp. 102812. doi: 10.1016/j.annals.2019.102812

Sausmarez, N. De., ‘Crisis Management, Tourism and Sustainability: The Role of Indicators’ dalam Journal of Sustainable Tourism 15 (6). DOI:10.2167/jost653.0

Shakya, M. Risk, Vulnerability and Tourism in Developing Countries: The Case of Nepal. Logos Verlag Berlin.

Sharma, G. D., Thomas, A., dan Paul, J. 2021. ‘Reviving tourism industry post-Covid 19: A Resilience-based framework’ dalam Tourism Management Perspectives, 37, 100786.

Singgalen, Y. A., Sasongko, G., dan Wiloso, P. G. 2019. ‘Community participation in regional tourism development: a case study in North Halmahera Regency – Indonesia’. Insights into Regional Development, Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Center, 1 (4), pp.318-333. ff10.9770/ird.2019.1.4(3)ff. ffhal-02342716f

Suryawardani, I Gusti A. O., Wiranatha, Agung S., dan Petr Christine. 2016. ‘Factors Affecting Willingness of Foreign Tourists to Spend Money in Benefiting Local People’ in Development of Tourism and the Hospitality Industry in Southeast Asia Ed. Purnendu Mandal dan John Vong. Springer.

Surwiyanta, A. (2010). Dampak Ekonomi, Lingkungan Dan Sosial Budaya Masyarakat Di Kawasan Kali Adem. Media Wisata.

Susanto, Jordyna A. X., and Sushartami, Wiwik. 2020. ‘Wong Ndhuwur, Wong Ngisor: Local Community and Post-disaster Tourism in Kinahrejo’ in Humaniora, Vol. 32, No. 3 (October 2020) pp. 271-282. https://doi.org/10.22146/jh.57693.

Sugiyarto, G., Blake, A., dan Sinclair, M. T. 2003. ‘Tourism and globalization: Economic Impact in Indonesia’ dalam Annals of Tourism Research, Vol. 30, Issue 3, pp. 683-701.

Williams, S. 2009. Tourism Geography: A New Synthesis 2nd Edition. Oxon: Routledge.

Wilkinson, P. F. dan Pratiwi, W. 1995. ‘Gender and Tourism in An Indonesian Village’ dalam Annals of Tourism Research. Vol 22, Issue 2, pp. 283-299.

Windarti, Y. 2019. ‘Residents Perception of Impacts Toward Tourism Development: The Case of Bandung City, Indonesia’ dalam Journal of Tourism Management Research. Vol. 6, No 1, pp. 29-44

Zhong, L., Sun, S., Law, R., dan Li, X. 2021. ‘Tourism Crisis Management: Evidence from Covid-19’ dalam Current Issues in Tourism, pp. 1-12. doi:10.1080/13683500.2021.1901866

Daftar Laman:

BPS. 2020. Sumbangan sektor pariwisata dari tahun ke tahun diakses 21 Februari 2021 pada laman www.bps.go.id

BPS. 2018. Jumlah Devisa Sektor Pariwisata (Milliar US $) Diakses pada 20 Januari 2022 pada laman: https://bps.go.id/indikator/indikator/view_data/0000/data/1160/sdgs_8/1 .

Tuty Octaviany. Sektor Utama Ekonomi Nasional, Pariwisata Akan Menjadi Penghasil Devisa Terbesar. Senin, 09 September 2019. Diakses pada 21 Januari 2022 dari laman: https://www.inews.id/travel/destinasi/sektor-utama-ekonomi-nasional-pariwisata-akan-menjadi-penghasil-devisa-terbesar



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/gamajts.v4i1.81283

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 455 | views : 195

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2023 Gadjah Mada Journal of Tourism Studies

Web
Analytics View My Stats

Print ISSN: 2621-9522 | Online ISSN: 2621-9948