Evaluation of different promoters driving the GFP reporter gene in seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii


Muh. Alias L. Rajamuddin(1*), A. Alimuddin(2), Utut Widyastuti(3), Irvan Faizal(4)

(1) Postgraduated student of Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor. Polytechnic Agricultural of Pangkep, South Sulawesi.
(2) Department of Aquaculture, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor.
(3) Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor.
(4) Agency for Research Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT), Serpong.
(*) Corresponding Author


Promoter regulates expression level of foreign gene in transgenic organism. This study was performed to select a
suitable promoter as the fi rst step towards production of valuable trait-enhanced seaweed by transgenic technology. Green
fl uorescent protein (GFP) gene was used as a reporter to determine the activity of promoter in seaweed Kappaphycus
alvarezii. GFP gene constructs driven by cytomegalovirus (pCMV-GFP), caulifl ower mosaic virus (pCaMV-GFP),
medaka β-actin (pmBA-GFP) and Japanese fl ounder keratin (pJfKer-GFP) promoters were introduced by electroporation
method. Electroporation was performed using a gene pulser (BIORAD) with voltage of 300 V, pulse length of 0.5 ms,
pulse numbers of 4, and pulse interval of 0.1 s. Promoter activity was determined by analyzing GFP gene expression
level using a fl uorescent microscope. The results showed that CMV regulated highest number of fi lament callus
(34.10%±1.49) expressing GFP at medium to strong fl uorescence levels. CaMV promoter had relatively similar activity
with CMV, but lower number of fi lament callus expressing GFP (10.48%±0.25). mBA promoter drove GFP expression
at medium level and similar number of fi lament callus (8.85%±2.31) expressing GFP with CaMV, while JfKer promoter
had lowest activity by means in number of fi lament callus expressing GFP (4.79%±0.26) and GFP expression level. PCR
analysis for transgenic confi rmation showed a DNA band of PCR product from pCMV-GFP and pCaMV-GFP expressing
fi lament callus in the same size (about 0.6 kb) with positive control of plasmid. Thus, CMV and CaMV promoters was
an appropriate promoter and foreign gene could be transferred to fi lament callus by electroporation method. Combining
this achievement with developing a culture method of fi lament callus to be thallus, stable transgenic breeding in K.
alvarezii can be feasible.


transgenic; promoter; GFP; electroporation; filament callus; Kappaphycus alvarezii

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijbiotech.9304

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