On the Design of a Blockchain-based Fraud-prevention Performance Appraisal System


Bryan Andi Gerrardo(1), Agus Harjoko(2*), Nai Wei Lo(3)

(1) Master Program of Computer Science, FMIPA UGM, Yogyakarta
(2) Department of Computer Science and Electronics, FMIPA UGM, Yogyakarta
(3) Department of Information Management, NTUST, Taipei
(*) Corresponding Author


 The job recruitment process takes a lot of process and number of documents. It is very well known for applicants to exaggerated and falsify their work history data. It may put a company at legal risk and significant commercial losses. Generally, company use third-party to verify applicant’s work history data which is time-consuming and costly. It also makes companies relies on third-party which may not trustworthy and cause several other risks. Generally, experience letters is used as a proof of work history documents of employee. However, the process of publishing an experience letter may contain conflict of interest between company and employee. Yet, publishing an experience letter is not mandatory in several places. In this research, we propose a system to verify applicant’s work history data by using performance appraisal as proof of work history and utilizing Blockchain to provide secure system, tampered-proof and real-time verification. The proposed approach also minimizes trust issues and privacy of data sharing by adding encryption and digital signature schema using Elliptic Curve Cryptography (ECC) algorithm. Furthermore, we have implemented a prototype to demonstrate how the proposed system work using a Quorum-based consortium blockchain.


Blockchain; Cryptography; Hashing; Work History; Performance Appraisal

Full Text:



[1] Risk Advisory, "CV Lies 2017," Risk Advisory, [Online]. Available: https://www.riskadvisory.com/campaigns/cv-lies-2017/. [Accessed 3 March 2021]

[2] cFIRST, "The Growing Menace of Resumes Lies and Its Impact on Hiring," cFIRST, 4 July 2019. [Online]. Available: https://www2.cfirst.io/the-growing-menace-of-resumes-lies-and-its-impact-on-hiring/. [Accessed 3 March 2021]

[3] H. Kierbow, "53% of People Lie on Resumes — Including Brian Williams," GoSmallBiz.com, 11 February 2015. [Online]. Available: https://gosmallbiz.com/53-of-people-lie-on-resumes-including-brian-williams/. [Accessed 3 March 2021].

[4] P. Sarda, M. J. M. Chowdhury, A. Colman, M. A. Kabir and J. Han, "Blockchain for Fraud Prevention: A Work-History Fraud Prevention System," in 2018 17th IEEE International Conference On Trust, Security And Privacy In Computing And Communications/ 12th IEEE International Conference On Big Data Science And Engineering (TrustCom/BigDataSE), 2018.

[5] L. M. LaVoie, "Four disadvantages of third-party recruiters," 5 July 2017. [Online]. Available: https://www.hrmsworld.com/disadvantages-of-third-party-recruiters-330.html. [Accessed 30 March 2021].

[6] M. J. Schwartz, "LinkedIn Breach: Worse Than Advertised," 18 May 2016. [Online]. Available: https://www.bankinfosecurity.com/linkedin-breach-worse-than-advertised-a-9113. [Accessed 30 March 2021].

[7] D. Yaga, P. Mell, N. Roby and K. Scarfon, "Blockchain Technology Overview," CoRR, vol. abs/1906.11078, 2019

[8] W. Jun, W. Peng, W. Xiangyu and S. Wenchi, "The outlook of blockchain technology for construction engineering management," Frontiers of engineering management, vol. 4, pp. 67-75, 2017

[9] A. A. Monrat, O. Schelen and K. Andersson, "A Survey of Blockchain From the Perspectives of Applications, Challenges, and Opportunities," IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 117134-117151, 2019.

[10] Meyliana, C. Cassandra, Surjandy, H. A. E. Widjaja, H. Prabowo, E. Fernando and Y. U. Chandra, "A Blockchain Technology-Based for University Teaching and Learning Processes," 2020.

[11] M. Turkanović, M. Hölbl, K. Košič, M. Heričko and A. Kamišalić, "EduCTX: A Blockchain-Based Higher Education Credit Platform," IEEE access, vol. 6, pp. 5112-5127, 2017.

[12] B. Nicoletti, "Fintech and Procurement Finance 4.0," Procurement Finance, pp. 155-248, 2018.

[13] M. Guerar, A. Merlo, M. Migliardi, F. Palmieri and L. Verderame, "A Fraud-Resilient Blockchain-Based Solution for Invoice Financing," IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, vol. 67, pp. 1086-1098, 2020.

[14] M. Chanson, A. Bogner, F. Wortmann and E. Fleisch, "Blockchain as a Privacy Enabler: An Odometer Fraud Prevention System," 2017.

[15] K. L. Brousmiche, T. Heno, C. Poulain, A. Dalmieres and E. B. Hamida, "Digitizing, Securing and Sharing Vehicles Life-cycle Over a Consortium Blockchain: Lessons Learned," 2018.

[16] K. Salah, N. Nizamuddin, R. Jayaraman and M. Omar, "Blockchain-Based Soybean Traceability in Agricultural Supply Chain," IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 73295-73305, 2019.

[17] R. Ekawati, Y. Arkeman, Suprihatin and T. C. Sunarti, "Design of Intelligent Decision Support System for Sugar Cane Supply Chains Based on Blockchain Technology," 2020.

[18] T. Peisl and B. Shah, "The Impact of Blockchain Technologies on Recruitment Influencing the Employee Lifecycle," 2019.

[19] C. S. S. Yi, E. Yung, C. Fong and S. Tripathi, "Benefits and Use of Blockchain Technology to Human Resources Management: A Critical Review," International Journal of Human Resource Studies, vol. 10, pp. 131140-131140, 2020.

[20] V. Kersic, P. Stukelj, A. Kamisalic, S. Karakatic and M. Turkanovic, "A Blockchain and AI-based Platform for Global Employability," 2019.

[21] G. Lallai, A. Pinna, M. Marchesi and R. Tonelli, Software Engineering for DApp Smart Contracts managing workers Contracts, DLT@ ITASEC, 2020.

[22] N. S. Dhanala and R. D, "Implementation and Testing of a Blockchain based Recruitment Management System," 2020.

[23] A. Pinna, G. Baralla, G. Lallai, M. Marchesi and R. Tonelli, "Design of a Sustainable Blockchain-Oriented Software for Building Workers Management," Front. Blockchain, 2020.

[24] GoQuorum, "Raft Consensus Protocol," 2019. [Online]. Available: https://goquorum.readthedocs.io/en/latest/Consensus/raft/raft/. [Accessed 22 April 2021].

[25 ]K. Salah, M. H. U. Rehman, N. Nizamuddin and A. Al-Fuqaha, "Blockchain for AI: Review and Open Research Challenges," IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 10127-10149, 2019.

[26] T. Bocek, B. B. Rodrigues, T. Strasser and B. Stiller, "Blockchains Everywhere - A Use-case of Blockchains in the Pharma Supply-Chain," 2017.

[27] V. S. Miller, "Use of Elliptic Curves in Cryptography," in Conference on the theory and application of cryptographic techniques, 1985.

[28] N. Koblitz, A. Menezes and S. Vanstone, "The State of Elliptic Curve Cryptography," Designs, codes and cryptography, vol. 19, pp. 173-193, 2000.

[29] S. K. Verma and D. D. Ojha, "A Discussion on Elliptic Curve Cryptography and Its Applications," International Journal of Computer Science Issues (IJCSI), vol. 9, p. 74, 2012.

[30] D. J. Bernstein, "Curve25519: new Diffie-Hellman speed records," International Workshop on Public Key Cryptography, pp. 207-228, April 2006.

[31] N. R. Chandran and E. M. Manuel, "Performance Analysis of Modified SHA-3," Procedia Technology, vol. 24, pp. 904-910, 2016.

[32] D. Gary, Human Resource Management 12th Edition, Pearson International Edition, 2011.

[33] Profiles Asia Pacific, Inc. (PAP) - Wiley Group, "Key Behavioral Indicators for Employees," 24 April 2018. [Online]. Available: https://www.profilesasiapacific.com/2018/04/24/key-behavioral-indicators-for-employees/. [Accessed 11 April 2021].

[34] L. McQuerrey, "What Are the Key Performance Indicators for Employee Job Appraisal?," 29 June 2018. [Online]. Available: https://work.chron.com/key-performance-indicators-employee-job-appraisal-21592.html. [Accessed 11 April 2021].

[35] PerformYard, "Rating Scales for Employee Performance Reviews," 23 July 2019. [Online]. Available: https://www.performyard.com/articles/performance-review-ratings-scales-examples. [Accessed 20 April 2021].

[36] F. Clegg, Simple Statistics, Cambridge University Press, 1998.

[37] S. Jamieson, "Likert scales: how to (ab)use them," Medical education, vol. 38, pp. 1217-1218, 2004.

[38] ]S. McLeod, "Likert Scale Definition, Examples and Analysis," 3 August 2019. [Online]. Available: https://www.simplypsychology.org/likert-scale.html. [Accessed 23 April 2021].

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijccs.67669

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1142 | views : 1119


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 IJCCS (Indonesian Journal of Computing and Cybernetics Systems)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Copyright of :
IJCCS (Indonesian Journal of Computing and Cybernetics Systems)
ISSN 1978-1520 (print); ISSN 2460-7258 (online)
is a scientific journal the results of Computing
and Cybernetics Systems
A publication of IndoCEISS.
Gedung S1 Ruang 416 FMIPA UGM, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281
Fax: +62274 555133
email:ijccs.mipa@ugm.ac.id | http://jurnal.ugm.ac.id/ijccs

View My Stats1
View My Stats2