Perancangan Alat Ukur Massa Jenis Zat Cair Menggunakan Cepat Rambat Gelombang Ultrasonik

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijeis.24481

Nanda Bagus Prawira(1*), Abdul Rouf(2)

(1) Prodi Elektronika dan Instrumentasi, Jurusan Ilmu Komputer dan Elektronika, FMIPA UGM
(2) Departemen Ilmu Komputer dan Elektronika, FMIPA UGM
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Density is a measure of the mass of volume unity. How to measure density in general by measuring the weight and dividing it by the volume of liquid, so in this way the measurement is not. Measurement of the density of the liquid based on the ultrasonic velocity becomes an alternative so that the measurement can be done directly, accurately, practically, and easily.

Ultrasonic velocity becomes the variable to determine the density of the liquid. Time synchronization begins when the ultrasonic transmitter emits ultrasonic and is terminated when the receiver receives ultrasonic. The discrete ultrasonic wave transmission method is performed when the ultrasonic receiver receives transmittance from the ultrasonic transmitter then the 40KHz signal pulse is stopped and ultrasonic transmission is repeated up to 10 times the measurement data.

From this study obtained some conclusions. Ultrasonic velocity is influenced by the viscosity of the liquid, ultrasonic velocity through 1394m / s aquades, ultrasonic  velocity through cooking oil 1387m / s, ultrasonic velocity through liquid soap 1175m / s, ultrasonic velocity through liquid soap solution 40% 1317m / s , Ultrasonic velocity through liquid soap solution 70% 1257m / s, velocity measurement deviation of 0.43% and 0.01% density calculation type.


Keywords


UPS (Ultrasonic Ping Sensor); liquids; density; ultrasonic; ultrasonic velocity

Full Text:

PDF


References

[1]   Mylvaganam, S., M. Halstensen, H.E. Engan, and K. Esbensen, 1999, Gas Density Metering in Ultrasonic Gas Flow Meters Using Impedance Measurements and Chemometrics, IEEE Electronics Symposium, Vol. 1, Hal. 435-439.

 

[2]   Haiqun, W., Cao yi, Zhang Yugui, and Chen Zhikun, 2011, The Design of The Ultrasonic Liquid Density Measuring Instrument, IEEE Conference Publication, Vol. 1, Hal. 758-760.

 

[3]   Roy, B.K., K.V. Santhosh, R.K. Bharti., and R. Kanthamani, 2014, LabVIEW Implementation of Liquid Density Measurement Using Ultrasonic Transducers, IEEE International Conference on Information Communication & Embedded Systems, 27-28 Feb.

 

[4]   Xinghua, Li, 1999, Density measurement and its application, China Metrology, Vol. 3, Hal.  54-55.

      

[5]   Terzic, J., Terzic, E., Nagarajah, R., and Alamgir, M., 2013, Ultrasonic Fluid Quantity Measurement in Dynamic Vehicular Applications, Springer International Publishing Switzerland, Vol. 1, Hal. 129.

 

[6]   Schaefer, R. and Hauptmann, P., 2006, Ultrasonic Density Measurement of Liquids – a Novel Method Using a Generalized Singular Value Decomposition Based System Identification, IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium, Vol. 1, Hal. 140-143.

 

[7]  Hughes, S.W., 2006, Measuring Liquid Density Using Archimedes principle, Physics Education, Vol. 5, Hal. 445-447.

 

[8]   Dayou, M., 2004, Theoretical Basis of Modern Acoustics, The Science Press, China.

 

[9]  T. Nur Syahril Sidiq, A. Rouf, and T. Wahyu Supardi, “Sistem Deteksi Bentuk Kecacatan Benda Padat Menggunakan Teknik Variasi Sudut Ultrasonik,” IJEIS (Indonesian J. Electron. Instrum. Syst., vol. 6, no. 1, p. 69, Apr. 2016 [Online]. Available: https://jurnal.ugm.ac.id/ijeis/article/view/10773. [Accessed: 13-Mar-2017]

 

[10] Zubaidah, S., Mahanal, S., Yuliati, L. dan Sigit, D., 2014, Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam SMP Kelas 8, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, Jakarta.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijeis.24481

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1348 | views : 24696

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 IJEIS (Indonesian Journal of Electronics and Instrumentation Systems)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.



Copyright of :
IJEIS (Indonesian Journal of Electronics and Instrumentations Systems)
ISSN 2088-3714 (print); ISSN 2460-7681 (online)
is a scientific journal the results of Electronics
and Instrumentations Systems
A publication of IndoCEISS.
Gedung S1 Ruang 416 FMIPA UGM, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281
Fax: +62274 555133
email:ijeis.mipa@ugm.ac.id | http://jurnal.ugm.ac.id/ijeis



View My Stats1
View My Stats2