Purwarupa Ground Control Station untuk Pengamatan dan Pengendalian Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Bersayap Tetap

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijeis.3834

Ali Akbar Farghani(1*), Raden Sumiharto(2), Setyawan Bekti Wibowo(3),

(1) 
(2) 
(3) 
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Abstrak

Dalam penelitian pengendalian UAV tipe sayap tetap salah satu permasalahan yang muncul adalah bagaimana melakukan pemantauan dan pengendalian jarak jauh ketika UAV sudah berada diluar jangkauan penglihatan operator atau pilot.Berdasarkan masalah tersebut dibuat purwarupa Ground Control Station untuk pengamatan dan pengendalian Unmanned Aerial Vehicle dengan konfigurasi sayap tetap. Sistem ini merupakan salah satu modul pendukung dalam operasional UAV dan berperan sebagai alat bantu untuk mengetahui kondisi dan posisi terkini dari UAV selama operasional khususnya ketika sudah berada diluar jangkauan visual operatornya.

Antarmuka pada Ground Control Station ini dibuat menggunakan Microsoft Visual Studio 2010 dengan bahasa C#, yang dijalankan pada laptop dan terhubung dengan UAV secara nirkabel menggunakan XBee Pro RF Transceiver 2,4 GHz.

Ground Control Station ini dapat menampilkan visualisasi parameter penerbangan UAV melalui panel instrumen yang menampilkan data kecepatan udara (airspeed), heading (yaw), sudut guling dan angguk (pitch and roll), ketinggian barometrik, turn and bank rate, serta climb speed sesuai data yang didapat dari modul ADAHRS. Plot lokasi dan jalur penerbangan UAV ditampilkan pada peta  sesuai data lokasi yang didapat dari GPS ADAHRS. Selain itu kuat sinyal, daya baterai, dan memberikan peringatan melalui alarm pada antarmuka Ground Control Station jika berada pada kondisi tertentu, sesuai data yang didapat dari modul ADAHRS.

 

Kata kunciGround Control Station, Visual Studio 2010, C# , XBee, UAV sayap tetap, Instrumen penerbangan, peta penerbangan.

 

Abstract

 One problem that arises in the study of fixed-wing UAV is how to monitor and control remotely when the UAVs have been beyond the reach of the operator vision. Based on that  problems,  the prototype of Ground Control Station for the observation and control of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle with fixed wing configuration is created. This system is one of the modules supporting the UAV operations and serves as a tool to determine the condition and the current position of the UAV during the operation.

The interface on the Ground Control Station is built using Microsoft Visual Studio 2010 with C # language, which can be running on a laptop and connect to the UAV wirelessly using XBee Pro 2.4 GHz  RF Transceiver.

Ground Control Station can display visualization UAV flight parameters via the instrument and displays airspeed, yaw, pitch and roll angle, barometric altitude, rate of turn and bank, and climb speed depend on data obtained from ADAHRS module. Plot location and UAV flight path shown on the map according to the data obtained from the GPS location. Signal strenght, battery power, and the warning alarm displays on the interface of  Ground Control Station if the UAV is in certain circumstances, according to data obtained from the module ADAHRS.

 

KeywordsGround Control Station, Visual Studio 2010, C# , XBee, Fixed wing UAV, Flight Instrument, Flight path and location.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijeis.3834

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Indonesian Journal of Electronics and Instrumentations Systems
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