Suhu Pemanas Sampel Optimal Untuk Klasifikasi Teh Hitam Menggunakan Electronic Nose

Danang Lelono(1*), Kuwat Triyana(2)

(1) (Scopus ID : 35728748100); Department of Computer Science and Electronics, Gadjah Mada University
(2) Departemen Fisika, FMIPA, UGM, Sekip Utara BLS 21 Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author


 The optimization of heating temperature of black tea samples for the measurement of aroma with electronic nose (e-nose) has been successfully performed. Sample heating is done because black tea has a low aroma intensity and easily lost. However, the selection of such temperature should be selective because it can result in damage to the aroma of the sample. Therefore, temperature optimization needs to be done so that the resulting sensor response comes from the transformation of the undamaged aroma.

The method used to obtain the optimum heating temperature by analyzing the sensor response of the aroma transformation that is captured by e-nose. Consistency and pattern changes formed from the sensor response are used as a comparison of optimal heating temperature selection. The measured sample varied in temperature (30 - 60 °C) so that the resulting sensor response was observed. Change in patterns indicate the aroma has been burning. After optimal temperature is obtained then black tea (50 gr) Broken Orange Pokoe, Broken Pokoe II and Bohea with a total sample of 300 bags were measured with e-nose. For further analysis, the result of classification by method of Principal Component Analysis (PCA) as proof of sample heating temperature optimization successfully done.

The experimental results show optimal sample heating for black tea 3 quality 40 - 45 °C. After then with the third PCA the sample can be classified up to 92.5% of the total data variant. This indicates the aroma of tea is relatively constant and there is no pattern change.


Aroma; heating temperature; e-nose; PCA; Classification

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