Feature Extraction Comparison in Handwriting Recognition of Batak Toba Alphabet


Novie Theresia Br Pasaribu(1*), M. Jimmy Hasugian(2)

(1) Program Studi Teknik Elektro, Universitas Kristen Maranatha
(2) Program Studi Teknik Elektro, Universitas Kristen Maranatha
(*) Corresponding Author


Offline handwriting recognition is one of the most prominent research topics due to its tremendous application and high variability as well. This paper covers the offline Batak Toba handwritten text recognition, from the noise removal, the process of feature extraction until the recognition by using several classifiers. Experiments show that elliptic fourier descriptor (EFD) is the most discriminative feature and Mahalanobis distance (MD) outperforms the two others classifier.


Batak Toba Alphabet, handwriting recognition, feture extraction, classification.

Full Text:



[1] U. Kozok, Surat Batak: Sejarah Perkembangan Tulisan Batak, Berikut Pedoman Menulis Aksara Batak dan Cap Sisimangaraja XII KPG (Kepustakaan Populer Gramedia) & EFEO, December 2015.

[2] G. A. Abandah, F.T. Jamour, E.A. Qaralleh, “Recognizing Handwritten Arabic Words using Grapheme Segmentation and Recurrent Neural Network”, International Journal on Document Analysis and Recognition (IJDAR), Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2014.

[3] D. Gosh, T. Dube, and A.P. Shivaprasad, “Script Recognition – A Review”, IEEE Trans. on PAMI, 2009.

[4] (2016) SoBAT (Script of Batak Toba) Database website. [Online], http://aksarabatak.maranatha.edu, tanggal accessed 27 October 2016.

[5] N. Otsu, "A Threshold Selection Method from Gray-Level Histograms," IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Vol. 9, No. 1, 1979, pp. 62-66.

[6] Gonzalo Pajares, Jesus Manuel de la Cruz, “A Wavelet-based Image Fusion Tutorial,” Pattern Recognition, March 2004.

[7] R. G. Casey dan E. Lecolinet, “A Survey of Methods and Strategies in Character Segmentation,” IEEE Trans. on PAMI vol. 18, no 7, pp. 690-706, 1996.

[8] N. Theresia Br Pasaribu, M. J. Hasugian, “Noise Removal on Batak Toba Handwritten Script using Artificial Neural Network”, Proc. of 2016 3rd Int. Conf. on Information Tech., Computer, and Electrical Engineering (ICITACEE), pg. 373-76, Oct 19-21st, 2016, Semarang, Indonesia.

[9] H. Freeman, “On the Encoding of Arbitrary Geometric Configurations”, IRE Transactions on Electronic Computers. 10(2), 260–268, 1961.

[10] F. Kuhl, C. Giardina, “Elliptic Fourier Features of a Closed Contour”, Computer Graphic and Image Processing 18(3), 236–258, 1982.

[11] H. Peng, F. Long, C. Ding, “Feature Selection Based on Mutual Information: Criteria of Max-Dependency, Max-Relevance, and Min-Redundancy”, IEEE Trans. on PAMI, Vol 27, No 8, Agt 2005.

[12] G. Dougherty, Pattern Recognition and Classification An Introduction, Springer, New York, 2013.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijitee.31969

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1772 | views : 1408


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 IJITEE (International Journal of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

ISSN  : 2550-0554 (online)

Contact :

Department of Electrical engineering and Information Technology, Faculty of Engineering
Universitas Gadjah Mada

Jl. Grafika No 2 Kampus UGM Yogyakarta

+62 (274) 552305

Email : ijitee.ft@ugm.ac.id