Deep Learning Methods for EEG Signals Classification of Motor Imagery in BCI

Muhammad Fawaz Saputra(1*), Noor Akhmad Setiawan(2), Igi Ardiyanto(3)

(1) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author


EEG signals are obtained from an EEG device after recording the user's brain signals. EEG signals can be generated by the user after performing motor movements or imagery tasks. Motor Imagery (MI) is the task of imagining motor movements that resemble the original motor movements. Brain Computer Interface (BCI) bridges interactions between users and applications in performing tasks. Brain Computer Interface (BCI) Competition IV 2a was used in this study. A fully automated correction method of EOG artifacts in EEG recordings was applied in order to remove artifacts and Common Spatial Pattern (CSP) to get features that can distinguish motor imagery tasks. In this study, a comparative studies between two deep learning methods was explored, namely Deep Belief Network (DBN) and Long Short Term Memory (LSTM). Usability of both deep learning methods was evaluated using the BCI Competition IV-2a dataset. The experimental results of these two deep learning methods show average accuracy of 50.35% for DBN and 49.65% for LSTM.


Electroencephalograph; Motor Imagery; Mu; Beta; Brain Computer Interface; Deep Learning; Deep Belief Networks; Long Short Term Memory

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