Design and Comparative Study Among Antennas of GCS for Telemetry Communication System of UAV

Iswandi Iswandi(1*), Aria Rangga Suryamanggala(2), Dewanto Wicaksono(3), Eny Sukani Rahayu(4)

(1) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(4) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author


Recently, Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) becomes a popular and interesting technology for researchers and academics because it has high potential to be implemented in various fields. The UAV operation is managed by a Ground Control Station (GCS) on which requires a communication system to send control signals and acquire data collected by sensors on UAV. The longer the UAV's flying distance needs a higher transmission power budget that can be achieved by increasing transmitter power, increasing receiver sensitivity, or increasing antenna gain. However, the design of communications systems on a flying platform is limited by the following constraints. The transmitter, receiver, and antenna must be compact, lightweight, and energy-efficient to save battery on the vehicle. Although the antenna does not directly influence the energy consumption from the battery, an increase in antenna gain usually requires an increase of the antenna dimension that causes higher weight and or reduces the aerodynamics. Therefore, the most efficient way to increase the link budget is by modifying the antenna on the GCS. This paper describes the analysis of antennas commonly used in GCSs for UAV communication links, namely the Yagi-Uda, bi-quad, and double bi-quad antennas. The antenna is designed to work at a frequency of 433.5 MHz following the transceiver device used. The antenna designs are numerically simulated then fabricated for evaluating their performance. The testing is done on the following issues, i.e. the antenna's basic parameters measurement, the ground-to-ground transmission test, and the ground to air transmission test. The test results show that the double bi-quad gives better performance than the other two other testing antennas.


Antenna; Biquad; Double Biquad; Ground Control Systems; Telemetry Systems; UAV; Yagi-Uda

Full Text:



H. Shakhatreh, A.H. Sawalmeh, A. Al-Fuqaha, Z. Dou, E. Almaita, I. Khalil, N.S. Othman, A. Khreishah, and M. Guizani, “Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs): A Survey on Civil Applications and Key Research Challenges,” IEEE Access, Vol. 7, pp. 48572–48634, 2019.

J. Kim, S. Kim, C. Ju, and H. Il Son, “Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in Agriculture: A Review of Perspective of Platform, Control, and Applications,” IEEE Access, Vol. 7, pp. 105100–105115, 2019.

G. Pajares, “Overview and Current Status of Remote Sensing Applications Based on Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs),” Photogramm. Eng. Remote Sensing, Vol. 81, No. 4, pp. 281–329, 2015.

F.A. Hossain, Y. Zhang, and C. Yuan, “A Survey on Forest Fire Monitoring Using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles,” The 3rd International Symposium on Autonomous Systems (ISAS), 2019, pp. 484–489.

I.L. Turner, M.D. Harley, and C.D. Drummond, “UAVs for Coastal Surveying,” Coast. Eng., Vol. 114, pp. 19–24, 2016.

B. Li, Y. Jiang, J. Sun, L. Cai, and C. Y. Wen, “Development and Testing of a Two-UAV Communication Relay System,” Sensors (Switzerland), Vol. 16, No. 10, pp. 1-21, 2016.

M.A. Bramantya and A. Yusabih, “Electric Duct Fan UAV with Telemetry System Using Yagi-Uda Antenna,” International Journal Of Scientific & Technology Research, Vol. 8, No. 9, pp. 96–100, 2019.

G. Nugroho and D. Dectaviansyah, “Design, Manufacture and Performance Analysis of an Automatic Antenna Tracker for an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV),” J. Mechatronics, Electr. Power, Veh. Technol., Vol. 9, No. 1, pp. 32-40, 2018.

M. Mahardika, G. Nugroho, and E.Y. Prasetyo, “UAV Long Range Surveillance System Based on BiQuad Antenna for the Ground Control Station,” Proc. - 14th IEEE Student Conf. Res. Dev. Adv. Technol. Humanit. SCOReD 2016, 2016, pp. 1–5.

(2019) “Arkbird 11dbi 5.8GHz Double Biquad Long Range Directional FPV Antenna - Soft Cable RP-SMA,” [Online],, access date: 9-Sep-2019.

(2013) “3DR Radio V2 Quick Start Guide,” [Online],, access date: 9-Sep-2019.

C.A. Balanis, Antenna Theory: Analysis and Design, 3rd ed., Hoboken, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.

W.L. Stutzman and G.A. Thiele, Antenna Theory and Design, Hoboken, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2331 | views : 1323


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 IJITEE (International Journal of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

ISSN  : 2550-0554 (online)

Contact :

Department of Electrical engineering and Information Technology, Faculty of Engineering
Universitas Gadjah Mada

Jl. Grafika No 2 Kampus UGM Yogyakarta

+62 (274) 552305

Email :