Bidirectional Battery Interface in Standalone Solar PV System for Electrification in Rural Areas

Yuwono Bimo Purnomo(1*), F. Danang Wijaya(2), Eka Firmansyah(3)

(1) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author


In a standalone photovoltaic (PV) system, a bidirectional DC converter (BDC) is needed to prevent the battery from damage caused by DC bus voltage variation. In this paper, BDC was applied in a standalone solar PV system to interface the battery with a DC bus in a standalone PV system. Therefore, its bidirectional power capability was focused on improving save battery operation while maintaining high power quality delivery. A non-isolated, buck and boost topology for the BDC configuration was used to interface the battery with the DC bus. PID controller-based control strategy was chosen for easy implementation, high reliability, and high dynamic performance. A simulation was conducted using MATLAB Simulink program. The simulation results show that the implementation of the BDC controller can maintain the DC bus voltage to 100 V, have high efficiency at 99.18% in boost mode and 99.48% in buck mode. To prevent the battery from overcharging condition, the BDC stops the charging process and then works as a voltage regulator to maintain the DC bus voltage at reference value.


Bidirectional DC Converter;Standalone PV;Battery;Power Management;Inverter

Full Text:



C. Wang, W. Chen, S. Shao, Z. Chen, B. Zhu, and H. Li, “Energy Management of Stand-Alone Hybrid PV System,” Energy Procedia, Vol. 12, pp. 471 – 479, 2011.

A. Mirzaei, M. Forooghi, A.A. Ghadimi, A.H. Abolmasoumi, and M.R. Riahi, “Design and Construction of a Charge Controller for Standalone PV/Battery Hybrid System by Using a New Control Strategy and Power Management,” Solar Energy, Vol. 149, pp. 132-144, Jun. 2017.

P. He and A. Khaligh, “Comprehensive Analyses and Comparison of 1 KW Isolated DC–DC Converters for Bidirectional EV Charging Systems,” IEEE Transactions on Transportation Electrification, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 147-156, Mar. 2017.

V. Monteiro, J.G. Pinto, and J.L. Afonso, “Operation Modes for the Electric Vehicle in Smart Grids and Smart Homes: Present and Proposed Modes,” IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, Vol. 65, No. 3, pp. 1007-1020, Mar. 2016.

O. Erdinc, N.G. Paterakis, T.D.P. Mendes, A.G. Bakirtzis, and J.P.S. Catalao, “Smart Household Operation Considering Bi-Directional EV and ESS Utilization by Real-Time Pricing-Based DR,” IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, Vol. 6, No. 3, pp. 1281-1291, May 2015.

L. Tarisciotti, A. Costabeber, C. Linglin, A. Walker, and M. Galea, “Evaluation of Isolated DC/DC Converter Topologies for Future HVDC Aerospace Microgrids,” IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE), 2017, pp. 2238–2245,

F. Kardan, R. Alizadeh, and M.R. Banaei, “A New Three Input DC/DC Converter for Hybrid PV/FC/Battery Applications,” IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics, Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 1771-1778, Dec. 2017.

L. Wang, Q. Vo, and A.V. Prokhorov, “Stability Improvement of a Multimachine Power System Connected with a Large-Scale Hybrid Wind-Photovoltaic Farm Using a Supercapacitor,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Vol. 54, No. 1, pp. 50-60, Jan.-Feb. 2018.

S.A. Gorji, H.G. Sahebi, M. Ektesabi, and A.B. Rad, “Topologies and Control Schemes of Bidirectional DC–DC Power Converters: An Overview,” IEEE Access, Vol. 7, pp. 117997-118019, Aug. 2019.

K. Tytelmaier, O. Husev, O. Veligorskyi, and R. Yershov, “A Review of Non-isolated Bidirectional DC-DC Converters for Energy Storage Systems,” International Young Scientists Forum on Applied Physics and Engineering, 2016, pp. 22-28.

M. Saleh, Y. Esa, Y. Mhandi, W. Brandauer, and A. Mohamed, “Design and Implementation of CCNY DC Microgrid Testbed,” IEEE Industry Applications Society Annual Meeting, 2016, pp. 1-7.

K. Varesi, S.H. Hosseini, M. Sabahi, E. Babaei, and N. Vosoughi, “Performance and Design Analysis of an Improved Non-isolated Multiple Input Buck DC–DC Converter,” IET Power Electronics, Vol. 10, No. 9, pp. 1034-1045, Mar. 2017.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1509 | views : 1077


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 IJITEE (International Journal of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

ISSN  : 2550-0554 (online)

Contact :

Department of Electrical engineering and Information Technology, Faculty of Engineering
Universitas Gadjah Mada

Jl. Grafika No 2 Kampus UGM Yogyakarta

+62 (274) 552305

Email :