CROP AND LIVESTOCK INTEGRATED FARMING IN SUPPORTING OF SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE



Ahmad Musofie(1*)

(1) Yogyakarta Assessment Institute for Agricultural Technology (Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian Yogyakarta)
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Discuss about farming activity could not separated from soil and water resources
utilities. The hardest challenge in the farming strategic is how to keep the resources so the farming continuity is always in stable condition. Sustainable farming system should implement by: compare organic-inorganic, soil, water, plant disease control, and also increase the agricultural diversity that combined with the increase of flow and relation between them. By-product from one technology in agricultural system becomes input to the other technology or agricultural component. Livestock that integrated to the crop gives more advantages, because organic fertilizer would increase the soil fertility and decrease inorganic fertilizer utility. So they would pressure production cost and increase the plant production. Manure produce for plant fertilizer was a recycle flow in integrated farming system which implemented the Low External Input Sustainable Agriculture (LEISA) method to minimize the production cost. Basic on the reality that happen in the steps of assessment, the change of inorganic fertilizer to organic fertilizer should done steps by steps, so they would not cause the decrease of crop production.


Keywords


Sustainable Farming, Crop-Livestock Integrated Farming.

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