DIGESTIBILITY AND GROWTH RESPONSE WHEN TREE LEGUMES SOLELY FED TO SHEEP



Yeni Widiawati(1*), M. Winugroho(2), E. Teleni(3)

(1) Research Scientists at Research Institute for Animal Production Ciawi (Bogor, Indonesia)
(2) Research Scientists at Research Institute for Animal Production Ciawi (Bogor, Indonesia)
(3) Research Scientist at James Cook University, Australia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The evaluation of growth rate and digestibility on sheep which were fed single feed of tree legumes, Gliricidia (Gliricidia sepium), Calliandra (Calliandra callolhyrsus), and Leucaena (Leucaena Ieucochepala) has been done for 4 mouths at Research Institute for Animal Production Twenty four young sheep with an average live weight of 14.7 kg and l0 months of the age were randomly devided into 4 groups of 6 animals in each. Each group was offered by either 100% Gliricidia, Calliandra, Leucaena, or Elephant grass (Penniserum purpureum) as control group, ad
Iibirum. Sheep were weighted fortnightly for 3 months and digestibility values were estimates for 10 days following the growth studying in metabolism cages. There were significant differences (P<.05) on dry matter intake, digestibility and daily gain. The total dry matter intake was 41; 36; 33; and 32 gram/kgLW in sheep fed gliricidia, calliandra, leucaena, and elephant grass respectively. In the same order, the dry matter digestibility values were 69; 59; 62 and 57% respectively. Meanwhile the average daily gains were 44; 39; 47 and 19 gram/day, respectively. It is concluded that leucaena was the best followed by gliricidia, calliandra


Keywords


Tree legume, Sheep, Digestibility, Growth

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