THE ROLE OF NATIVE CHICKEN IN INDONESIAN RURAL



Tri Yuwanta(1*), Nasroedin Nasroedin(2), Wihandoyo Wihandoyo(3), Zuprizal Zuprizal(4), Ali Wibowo(5)

(1) Faculty of Animal Science Gadjah Mada University , Yogyakarta 55281 INDONESIA
(2) Faculty of Animal Science Gadjah Mada University , Yogyakarta 55281 INDONESIA
(3) Faculty of Animal Science Gadjah Mada University , Yogyakarta 55281 INDONESIA
(4) Faculty of Animal Science Gadjah Mada University , Yogyakarta 55281 INDONESIA
(5) Faculty of Animal Science Gadjah Mada University , Yogyakarta 55281 INDONESIA
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Native chickens have been well known in Indonesia since centuries ago and
traditionally established in rural area. Morphological characteristic of Indonesian local
chickens were varied widely. Phylogenetic of native chicken showed a closer genetic
relationship with the Black Kedu and Bangkok chicken (Mu'in, 1997). Anonymous
(1999) reported that the population number of native chickens was estimated 266
million, which were raised by more than 26,230 farmer groups or more than 480,000
of number of native chicken keeper household. Native chickens have acceptable egg
and meat flavor, it has less fat content than broiler that is why the demands are still
relatively high caused by special preferences by consumers


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