Pemupukan Silikon dalam Meningkatkan Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tanaman Sorgum

https://doi.org/10.22146/veg.84207

Mirawanty Amin(1*), Ronny Mulyawan(2), Putri Tria Santari(3), Sri Wahyuni Manwan(4), Rahadian Adi Prasetyo(5)

(1) Badan Riset dan Inovasi Nasional
(2) Agroekoteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Univeristas Lambung Mangkurat
(3) Pusat Riset Tanaman Pangan, Organisasi Riset Pertanian dan Pangan, BRIN
(4) Pusat Riset Hortikultura dan Perkebunan, Organisasi Riset Pertanian dan Pangan, BRIN
(5) Agroekoteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Mulawarman
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Penggunaan Silikon (Si) secara terus-menerus tanpa adanya input pemupukan dapat menyebabkan Si tersedia di dalam tanah semakin menurun. Kandungan Si yang rendah dapat menjadi faktor pembatas suatu tanaman terhadap penurunan hasil. Silikon merupakan beneficial element yang sangat dibutuhkan oleh sorgum terhadap pertumbuhannya. Sorgum merupakan tanaman alternatif yang baik terutama di daerah kering, sehingga sorgum sering mengalami cekaman defisit air. Penggunaan Si dapat menurunkan efek bahaya dari cekaman biotik seperti hama dan penyakit, dan cekaman abiotik seperti salinitas, kekeringan, defisiensi hara, dan logam berat. Pentingnya Si pada tanaman menjadi perhatian bagi para peneliti untuk menghasilkan penelitian tentang pemupukan Si pada tanaman. Nanoteknologi merupakan teknik pemupukan ramah lingkungan yang saat ini dikembangkan karena sifatnya yang efisien, ramah lingkungan, dan berkelanjutan. Akan tetapi, masih banyak yang belum mengetahui tentang peran Si pada tanaman, sumber Si, dan pemupukan Si pada sorgum. Sehingga diperlukan informasi secara menyeluruh terkait peran Si hingga pemupukan pada sorgum.


Keywords


cekaman, hasil; pertumbuhan; pupuk; silikon; sorgum.

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References

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/veg.84207

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