Assessment of Vulnerability of Escape Building against Earthquake and Tsunami at Padang City

Billy Richard(1*)

(1) Agency of Public Works and Spatial Arrangement, West Pasaman District, INDONESIA
(*) Corresponding Author


Earthquake occurred in September 30th, 2009 was the worst in the history of earthquake in West Sumatera. Damages of buildings were the main causes of human casualties at that time. The Regional Disaster Management Agency (Badan Penanggulangan Bencana Daerah, BPBD) of West Sumatera has conducted tsunami and earthquake mitigation, one of them is to prepare the Temporary Evacuation Site (TES) as a vertical-evacuation building allowing people to escape from tsunami attack in Padang City. This research was intended for evaluating and mapping the vulnerability potentials of all escape buildings to the earthquake and tsunami hazard. The investigation used Rapid Visual Screening method based on FEMA P-154 (Federal Emergency Management Agency) for assessing vulnerability of the building towards tsunami. According to the category of the obtained vulnerability potential, there were 50%, 33%, 10%, and 7% of escape buildings identified safe, non-structurally vulnerable, structurally vulnerable from earthquake, and vulnerable to tsunami, respectively.


Mitigation, escape building, FEMA P-154, FEMA P-646

Full Text:



BNPB, 2007. UU RI No 27 Tahun 2007 Tentang Penanggulangan Bencana Alam [Natural Disaster Mitigation], Jakarta: BNPB (National Disaster Management Office).

BPBD Padang, 2016. Rencana Kontinjensi Menghadapi Bencana Tsunami Provinsi Sumatera Barat [Mitigation Plan towards tsunami Hazard in West Sumatera Province], Padang: BPBD (Regional Disaster Management Office) .

Central Office of Statistics (BPS) of Padang City, 2015. Padang dalam Angka/Padang in Figures, Padang: BPS.

FEMA P-154, 2015. Rapid Visual screening of Buildings for Potential Seismic Hazards. A Handbook Third Edition ed. Washington, DC: FEMA.

FEMA P-646, 2012. Guidelines for Design of Structures for Vertical Evacuation from Tsunamics. 2nd Edition ed. Washington, DC: FEMA.

Franzius Institute, 2010. Pemetaan Bahaya dan Inundasi [Hazard Risk and Inundation Mapping], Padang: Last-Mile Evacuation Project.

Hunt, R. E., 2007. Geologic Hazards A Field Guide for Geotechnical Engineers. New York: MCGraw-Hill.

Triatmadja, R., 2010. Tsunami Kejadian, Penjalaran, Daya Rusak dan Mitigasinya [Occurrence, Streamline Flow, Destructive Force, and Mitigation]. Yogyakarta: UGM Press.

Zulfiar, M. H., Tamin, R. Z., Pribadi, K. S. & Imran, I., 2014. Identifikasi Faktor Dominan Penyebab Kerentanan Bangunan di Daerah Rawan Gempa Provinsi Sumatera Barat. Jurnal Ilmiah Semesta Teknika, 7(2), pp. 116-125.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1732 | views : 2189


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 The Author(s)

The content of this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
ISSN 5249-5925 (online) | ISSN 2581-1037 (print)
Jl. Grafika No.2 Kampus UGM, Yogyakarta 55281
Email :
Web Analytics JCEF Stats