Pemanfaatan Persistent Scatterer Interferometry Synthetic Aperture Radar (PSInSAR) Untuk Mengidentifikasi Laju Deformasi Permukaan di Lapangan Panas Bumi Ulubelu

https://doi.org/10.22146/jgise.66896

I Gede Boy Darmawan(1*), Karyanto Karyanto(2)

(1) Universitas Lampung
(2) Universitas Lampung
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Lapangan panas bumi Ulubelu telah diekstraksi sejak tahun 2012 dengan menghasilkan 2 x 55 MW dari PLTP unit 1 & 2 dan meningkat menjadi 4 x 55 MW sejak tahun 2016 dengan beroperasinya unit 3 dan unit 4. Peningkatan eksploitasi energi panas bumi di Ulubelu berpotensi menimbulkan perubahan kondisi geologi dan lingkungan yang salah satunya adalah subsiden. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi potensi laju deformasi permukaan memanfaatkan metode Persistent Scatterer Interferometry Synthetic Aperture Radar (PSInSAR) di lapangan panas bumi Ulubelu. Sebanyak 49 data Sentinel-1 periode Oktober 2014 hingga Maret 2020 dengan mode descending telah diolah dan dianalisis menggunakan tiga software utama yaitu SNAP, StaMPS dan StaMPS-Visualizer. Pembentukan interferogram pada setiap pasangan data (image pair) antara master dengan seluruh slave dilakukan menggunakan SNAP. Seluruh data interferogram kemudian diexport sebagai input data StaMPS untuk mendapatkan nilai piksel yang memiliki koherensi terbaik dan persistent. Hasil pengolahan menunjukkan laju deformasi per titik persistent scatterer (PS) berkisar antara -7,3 hingga +7,5 mm/tahun relatif pada arah Line of Sight (LOS) tanpa validasi lapangan. Pola deformasi berupa penurunan muka tanah berada di sekitar area eksploitasi panas bumi, sedangkan kenaikan muka tanah (uplift) terdeteksi di luar area eksploitasi. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa kesamaan laju deformasi pada PLTP unit 1 & 2 dengan PLTP unit 3 & 4 mengindikasikan proses subsiden di area Ulubelu didominasi oleh proses ekstraksi fluida panas bumi. Temuan ini juga memperkuat penelitian sebelumnya yang menunjukkan bahwa proses subsiden di area panas bumi Ulubelu disebabkan oleh pemadatan batuan alterasi.

Keywords


Deformasi, Panas bumi, PSInSAR, Subsiden, Ulubelu

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jgise.66896

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