Aktivitas fisik pada remaja SLTP Kota Yogyakarta dan Kabupaten Bantul serta hubungannya dengan kejadian obesitas


Emy Huriyati(1*), Hamam Hadi(2), Madarina Julia(3)

(1) Program Studi Ilmu Gizi Kesehatan Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Magister Gizi dan Kesehatan, Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Pascasarjana Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Bagian Ilmu Kesehatan Anak Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author


Background: The prevalence of obesity is markedly increasing, both in developed and developing countries. Whether physical activity contributes to the obesity in Indonesian adolescents is still unknown.

Objective: To assess whether physical activity is associated with obesity in junior high school adolescents in Yogyakarta. 

Methods: A case control study was conducted in Yogyakarta Province in 2003. Subjects were 140 obese and 140 non- obese junior high school adolescents in Yogyakarta and Bantul, randomly chosen from an obesity survey performed previously. Pattern and duration of activity were assessed using IPAQ modified questionnaire. The activities were than sorted into light (sedentary), moderate and vigorous activities.

Results: There was significant difference in the distribution sedentary activity between adolescents of Yogyakarta and Bantul (p<0.0001). The mean duration of sedentary activity in Yogyakarta was 12.4 hours/day while in Bantul was 11.0 hours/day. Obese adolescents spent longer time in sedentary activity than non-obese adolescents (p=0.002). The odds of being obese in adolescent whose sedentary activity was longer than 13 hours/day were almost doubled.

Conclusions: Urban adolescents spent more time for sedentary activities than rural adolescents, so were obese adolescents. The association of sedentary activities to obesity is independent from other factors such as calorie intake and parental obesity status.


adolescent obesity; sedentary; physical activity

Full Text:



WHO. Obesity: Preventing and Managing the Global Epidemic Report of who Consultation. Geneva, 2000.

Dietz WH. Use of the Body Mass Index (BMI) as a Measure of Overweight in Children and Adolescents. J Pediatr 1998,132:191-93.

McCarty BRD, Mellin LMARD.Obesity.In: Rickert VI. Adolescent Nutrition Assesment and Management. New York: Chapman and Hall; 1996.

Rosenbaum M, Leibel RL. The Physiology of Body Weight Regulation: Relevance to the Etiology of Obesity in Children. Pediatric 1998;(101):525-39.

Gothmaker SL, Must A, Sobol AM, et al. Television Viewing as Caused of Increasing Obesity among Children in The United States, 1986-1990. Arc Pediatr Adolesc Med 1996;(48): 995-1015.

Wang Y, Monteiro C, and Popkin BM. Trend of Obe- sity and Underweight in Older Children and Adoles- cents in the United States, Brazil, China, and Rusia. Am J Clin Nutr 2002;(75):971-7.

Satoto, Karjati S, Darmojo B, et al. Gemuk, Obesitas dan Penyakit Degeneratif: Epidemiologi dan Strategi Penanggulangan. Widyakarya Nasional Pangan dan Gizi VI; 17-20 Februari 1998; Serpong, Indonesia. p. 787-808.

Department of Health and Human Services CDC/ NCHS, CDC. Growth Chart for the United States: Methods and Development, Series 11 Number 246, May, 2002 – 2000.

Kong TC. Promoting Physical Activity at a National Level – The Singapore Experience, Combating the Obesity Epidemic: A shared Responsibility. Second Asia Oceania Conference on obesity; 2003 September 7-9; Malaysia.

Sin YW. A Study on Physical Activity Pattern among Normal and Overweight Primary School Children in Subang Jaya. Second Asia Oceania Conference on Obesity; 2003 September 7-9; Malaysia.

Wan NWD. Obesity and Dietary Habit of Chinese School Children in Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia. Second Asia Oceania Conference on Obesity; 2003 September 7-9; Malaysia.

Robinson TN. (1999). Reducing Children’s Television Viewing Prevent Obesity: A Randomized Controlled trial. JAMA 1999 Oct 27; 282(16):1561.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijcn.17395

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 6321 | views : 5775


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2016 Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Clinical Nutrition)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia (JGKI) Indexed by:

web stats View My Stats