Kromium serum dan asupan mikromineral pada penyandang diabetes tipe 2

Ni Ketut Sutiari(1*), Rimbawan Rimbawan(2), Clara Meliyanti Kusharto(3), Purwantyastuti Ascobat(4), Adi Teruna Effendi(5)

(1) Program Studi Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana
(2) Departemen Gizi Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia Institut Pertanian Bogor
(3) Departemen Gizi Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia Institut Pertanian Bogor
(4) Departemen Farmakologi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia
(5) Rumah Sakit Pertamedika Sentul City Bogor
(*) Corresponding Author


Background: Status of minerals such as zinc, magnesium, and chromium among diabetic patients are considered lower than non-diabetic peoples, both in the serum and intake. Some reviews show that those minerals contribute to carbohydrate metabolism among diabetic patients.

Objective: This study aims to explore intake of zinc, magnesium, and chromium among DMT2 in Denpasar.

Method: This is a cross-sectional analytic study. The population was all (70) DMT2 patients registered at Chronic Disease Service (Prolanis) at two Primary Health Care (PHC) Denpasar Utara III PHC and Denpasar Timur I PHC. The sample for the study was DMT2 patients and non-diabetic people age 50-70 years reside in Denpasar city. DMT2 patients were randomly selected with simple random technique, while non-diabetic peoples were non-randomly selected. The level of serum chromium was measured by AAS method, whereas microminerals intake were collected by a recall and SQ-FFQ method. Data was analyzed descriptively and differences were tested with two independent t-test at 95% confidence level.

Results: The mean of serum chromium DMT2 and non-diabetic were 0.044 mg/L and 0.094 mg/L respectively. The mean±SEM magnesium (DMT2 316.1±22.4 mg/day; non-diabetic 211.0±33.5 mg/day), zinc intake was (DMT2 8.4±0.7 mg/day; non-diabetic 6.2±0.8 mg/day), and chromium (DMT2 10.8±1.3 µg/day; non-diabetic 8.7±0.9µg/day). A significant difference was found between magnesium intake (p=0.01).

Conclusion: The study showed that zinc, magnesium and chromium intake is appeared higher among DMT2 patients compare to non-diabetic in Denpasar region.


magnesium; non-diabetic; serum chromium; type 2 diabetes; zinc

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