Perbedaan pengetahuan dan praktik pemberian makan serta perkembangan anak 6-24 bulan pada ibu usia remaja dan dewasa

Rachmawati Widyaningrum(1*), Detty Siti Nurdiati(2), Indria Laksmi Gamayanti(3)

(1) Minat Utama Gizi dan Kesehatan Prodi S2 Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Bagian Obstetri & Ginekologi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Departeman Ilmu Kesehatan Anak, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada / Instalasi Kesehatan Anak Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat Dr. Sardjito
(*) Corresponding Author


Background: Preparing quality human resource for the future, children are being the most attention of the growth and development optimally. Critical aged of them is 0-2 years old. Pregnancy and giving birth on adolescence are still being the factors. Knowledge and feeding practice are also factors being the basic need for children development optimally.

Objective: To know the difference between knowledge, feeding practice, and children development aged 6-24 months on adolescent and adult mother in Kasihan Primary Health Care, Bantul district, Yogyakarta.

Method: This research was observational with a cross-sectional design. It held on July -September 2015 in work area of Kasihan subdistrict, Bantul district, Yogyakarta. Population defined as mother aged 15-40 years that lives in Kasihan subdistrict. The sample was taken using nonprobability consecutive technique sampling. It was got 66 children aged 6-24 months old with no having congenital defects, no following special development stimulation program,  and being able and want to follow this research as inclusion criteria. In this research, a mother was measured of knowledge level and feeding practice to her child, even though the child was measured off his/her development using BSID III. Data were analyzed using Chi-Square.

Results: Adolescent mothers had a significantly larger proportion of children experiencing developmental disorders and feeding practices are less good compared with adult mothers.

Conclusion: Adult mother has better knowledge and feeding practice than adolescent mothers. Adult mother also has a child with better developmental status than adolescent mothers.


adolescent mothers; child development; feeding knowledge; feeding practice

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