New Design of Raskin Program (Analysis of the RASDA Implementation in Kulonprogo Regency)

Raden Rahman Asjhatri Fandaru(1*)

(1) Magister Administrasi Publik Fisipol UGM
(*) Corresponding Author


This thesis is an analysis of public policies based on the research carried out about the implementation of RASDA Program (local rice husbandry) in Kulonprogo in 2015. It is claimed as a new alternative offered to replace the Government RASKIN Program that is already running. This research aimed at determining how effective the implementation of the RASDA Program in Kulonprogo was and identifying the factors that cause RASDA program did not run as the expectation. The method used in this study was a qualitative method using two types of data, primary and secondary data. The data collection techniques used were observation, interview, and documentation with informants selection technique using the principle of purposive and snowball techniques. The data analysis technique was done through data reduction, data display, and data verification.

The results showed that efforts to renew the RASKIN Program (cheap-priced rice) through RASDA program were not successfully done. The achievement of program outputs and outcome indicators were still far away from the expectation. The progress was not significantly improved, it still encountered the same problems as those in the implementation of the previous RASKIN Program. Meanwhile, farmers did not have any benefits from the uptake of the local rice because it was not optimally prepared.

There are several factors that cause RASDA Program in Kulonprogro did not run well. The first reason was that it is difficult to link the concept of the program with the actual situation, seen from: (1) the farmers as the program target still thought conservatively causing the loss of the benefits that will be gained from the RASDA Program; (2) the intervention of political elites in the process of policy formulation; (3) the limited authority of the local government in the National RASKIN Program; and (4) the incoherence among the needs for resources in the factual conditions. The second cause, the conflict of interest among the holders cause the program implementation did not synchronize to each other, as seen from: (1) their efforts to make RASDA program as a springboard for “other” purposes; (2) the bias support of BULOG; (3) the lack of enthusiasm and initiatives among the holders/bureaucracy; and (4) the entrepreneurs’ mindset of business that dominated farmers community. The third reason is that there was not awareness on the characteristics of the group target to anticipate problems that arise.

Based on these findings, the researcher suggested the government focus in optimizing the current mechanisms of the food subsidies. The government should also concern in looking for other alternatives to optimize the potential of the local foods. The government should also  do some efforts to gain the welfare for farmers, by: (1) reconstructing values and norms in terms of social rules to support the program with the intensive socialization; (2) allocating the budget the APBD for the procurement of subsidized rice for poor households who are not registered; (3) monitoring the program up to the lowest level intensively; (4) encouraging small entrepreneurs to become BULOG’s partners to seek an access to the Capital; (5) maintaining fair competition among rice traders; (6) conducting studies on the possibility of establishing an integrated rice husbandry regional company; (7) encouraging the local rice branding.


Evaluation of Implementation; Implementation Policy; Program Performance; Raskin

Full Text:



Abidin S. Zainal, 2002, Kebijakan Publik, Pancur Siwah, Jakarta.

Anderson E. James, 2003, Public Policy Making, Houghton Mifflin Company; Boston USA.

Badan Pusat Statistik, 2015, Kulonprogo Dalam angka 2014, download from tanggal 15 Oktober 2015.

Badan Pusat Statistik, 2015, DIY Dalam angka 2014, download from tanggal 15 Oktober 2015.

Bird & Vaillancourt, 2000, Desentralisasi Fiskal Negara-negara Berkembang, Gramedia Pustaka Utama, Jakarta.

Brinkerhoff W. Derric dan Crosby L. Benjamin, 2002, Managing Policy Reform – Concepts and Tools for Decision Makers in Developing and Transitioning Countries, Kumarian Press Inc., Blue Hills Avenue USA.

Dunn N. William, 1998, Pengantar Analisis Kebijakan Publik – Edisi Kedua, Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.

Dwiyanto Agus. dkk, 2005, Mewujudkan Good Governance Melalui Pelayanan Publik, Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.

Dye T. Thomas, 1972, Understanding Public Policy, Prentice-Hall, New Jersey USA.

Grindle S. Merilee, 1980, Politics and Policy Implementation in the Third World. Prenceton Univercity Press, New Jersey USA.

Islami Irfan, 1997, Prinsip-Prinsip Perumusan Kebijaksanaan Negara, Bumi Aksara, Jakarta

Kickert. JM. Walter, Klinjn. H. Erik dan Koppenjan FM. Joop, 1997, Managing Complex Networks – Strategies for the Public Sector, SAGE Publications, London-Thousand Oaks –New Delhi

Lembaga Penelitian SMERU, 2012, “draf - Kertas Kerja, Tinjauan Efektivitas Pelaksanaan RASKIN dalam Mencapai Enam Tepat”,_diunduh_dari June 6th 2015.

Lipsky. Michael, 1980, Street-level Bureaucrac: Dillemmas of the Individual in Public Services, Russel Sage Foundation, New York, USA

Mazmanian A. Daniel and Sabatier A. Paul, 1983, Implementation and Public Policy, Scott Foresman and Co., USA.

Moleong J. Lexy, 2004, Metode Penelitian Kualitatif – Edisi Revisi, Rosdakarya Offset, Bandung.

Mustopadidjaja A.R., 2003, Manajemen Proses Kebijakan Publik – Formulasi, Implementasi, dan Evaluasi Kinerja, LAN – Duta Pertiwi Foundation, Jakarta.

Nawawi Hadari, 2003, Metode Penelitian Bidang Sosial, Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.

Nugroho Ryan, 2014, Public Policy – Teori, Manajemen, Dinamika, Analisis, Konvergensi dan Kimia Kebijakan, PT. Elek Media Kompetindo – Gramedia, Jakarta.

Parsons, Wyne: 2005, Public Policy: Pengantar Teori dan Praktik Analisis Kebijakan, Kencana, Jakarta.

Purwanto A. Erwan dan Sulistyastuti R. Dyah; 2012; Implementasi Kebijakan Publik – Konsep dan Aplikasinya di Indonesia; GAVA Media, Yogyakarta

Riawanti, Wahyu., 2015, Kajian Ekonomi Politik Kebijakan Pangan: Studi Kasus Rent-seeking dalam Impor Beras Tahun 1999-2009, Desertasi – Universitas Gadjah Mada, unpublished

Subarsono A.G., 2005, Analisis Kebijakan Publik – Konsep, Teori dan Apliaksi, Pustaka Pelajar, Yogyakarta.

Sutopo HB., 2000, Metode Penelitian Kualitatif, Sebelas Maret University Press, Surakarta.

Thoha Miftah, 2007, Birokrasi dan Politik di Indonesia, Radja Grafindo Persada, Jakarta.

Wahab. S. Abdul, 1997, Analisis Kebijaksanaan : Dari Formulasi Ke Implementasi Kebijakasanaan Negara, Bumi Aksara, Jakarta.

Wibawa Samodra, Prabuningrat Y. dan Pramusinto A., 1994, Evaluasi Kebijakan Publik, PT RajaGrafindo Persada, Jakarta

Wibawa. Samodra, 1994, Kebijakan Publik: Proses dan Analisis, Intermedia, Jakarta

Winarno Budi, 2002, Teori dan Proses Kebijakan Publik, Media Pressindo, Yogyakarta

__________, 2015, Pedoman Umum RASKIN 2015, Kementerian Koodinator Kesejahteraan Rakyat, Jakarta

__________, 2015, Road Map RASDA, InProSuLa, unpublished

__________, 2015, Petujuk Pelaksanaan Program RASKIN 2015, Pemprov DIY, Yogyakarta


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2803 | views : 2350


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2016 JKAP (Jurnal Kebijakan dan Administrasi Publik)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.