The Evaluation of Indonesian Labour Market in Optimizing Demographic Dividend in 2016

https://doi.org/10.22146/jkap.29739

Siectio Dicko Pratama(1*), Rizal Rahadiana(2)

(1) Statistics of Lampung Utara Regency
(2) Statistics of Aceh Tenggara Regency
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Considering the structure of its population, Indonesia has the potential to enjoy advantages that are associated with a demographic dividend in the not too distant future. Nonetheless, there are challenges the country is facing, one of which is the coming into being of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC). This research describes the state of the labor market in Indonesia to identify how best it can benefit from the demographic dividend, including problems, and how to resolve them. The research uses Multiple Linear Regression with backward elimination method. Re-sults of the research indicated that independent variables in the model showed a negative and significant influence on the economy. To that end, working below 15 hours, and unemployment of the educated are the two most important problems facing in Indonesian labor market. Rec-ommended solutions to the problem is to encourage educated unemployed to participate in Mi-cro and Small Manufactures that deal in processing agricultural commodities to become ready-to-consumer goods.

Keywords


demographic dividend; disguised unemployment; educated unemployed; labor market

Full Text:

PDF


References

Adeyeye, T. C. (2015). Manpower Development and Economic Growth in Nigeria. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development, 6(9), 26–35

BPS-Statistics Indonesia. (2016a). Indikator Pasar Tenaga Kerja Indonesia Agustus 2016. Jakarta: BPS-Statistics Indonesia.

BPS-Statistics Indonesia. (2016b). Laborer Situation in Indonesia Agustus 2016. Jakarta: BPS-Statistics Indonesia.

BPS-Statistics Indonesia. (2017, July 3). Penduduk 15 Tahun Ke Atas yang Bekerja menurut Lapangan Usaha 1986-2017. Retrieved from https://www.bps.go.id/statictable/2009/04/16/970/penduduk-15-tahun-ke-atas-yang-bekerja-menurut-lapangan-pekerjaan-utama-1986---2018.html

Breisinger, C., & Diao, X. (2008, November). Economic Transformation in Theory and Practice: What are the Messages for Africa?.  https://www.researchgate.net/publication/24110301_Economic_Transformation_in_Theory_and_Practice_--_What_are_the 

Chia, S. (2013). The ASEAN Economic Community: Progress, Challenges, and Prospects. Retrieved from https://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/publication/156295/adbi-wp440.pdf

DetikFinance. (2017, March 12). Buka Cafe Serba Pisang, Rofif Bisa Raup Omzet Rp 80 Juta Sebulan. Retrieved from https://finance.detik.com/solusiukm/d-3444774/buka-cafe-serba-pisang-rofif-bisa-raup-omzet-rp-80-juta-sebulan?_ga=2.34505768.864645267.1555931206-553448713.1555931206

Diar, D. T. A. (2017). Analisis Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Di Indonesia Tahun 1986-2014. Fakultas Ekonomi Dan Bisnis Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta. Thesis on Universitas Mudammadiyah Surakarta: Unpublished

Ducoff, L. J., & Hagood, M. J. (1957). The Meaning and Measurement of Partial and Disguised Unemployment. Retrieved from http://www.nber.org/chapters/c2641

Fau, T. N., Rizal, Fin, H., & Rachman, F. (2017, November 14). Leisure Economy, Antara Perubahan Konsumsi, Disrupsi dan Potensi. Retrieved from http://validnews.co/-Leisure-Economy---Antara-Perubahan-Konsumsi--Disrupsi-dan-Potensi-rdu

Feng, W., & Mason, A. (2005). Demographic Dividend and Prospects for Economic Development in China. United Nations Expert Group Meeting on Social and Economic Implications of Changing Population Age Structures. Mexico City, Mexico: United Nation. Retrived from http://www2.hawaii.edu/~amason/Research/Wang%5B1%5D.Mason.2006.pdf

Hayes, A., & Setyonaluri, D. (2015, April). Taking Advantage of the Demographic Dividend in Indonesia : A Brief Introduction to Theory and Practice. Retrieved from https://indonesia.unfpa.org/sites/default/files/pub-pdf/Buku_Policy_Brief_on_Taking_Advantage_on_Demographic_Dividend_02c_%282%29_0.pdf

International Labour Organisation. (1982). Statistics of Labour Force, Employment, Unemployment and Underemployment (Report II ICLS/13/II). Geneva: International Labour Office  

Kementerian Keuangan. (2018, March 1). Tiga Isu Utama SDM Indonesia dalam Angkatan Kerja. Retrieved from https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/berita/tiga-isu-utama-sdm-indonesia-dalam-angkatan-kerja/

Majid, N. (2012). How Not to Count the Employed in Developing Countries. Retrieved from https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_emp/documents/publication/wcms_203524.pdf

Marone. Heloisa. (2016). Demographic Dividends, Gender Equality, and Economic Growth : The Case of Cabo Verde. IMF Working Paper Series WP/16/169. Retrieved from https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/cat/longres.aspx?sk=44178.0

Prskawetz, A., Fent, T., Barthel, W., Crespo-Cuaresma, J., Lindh, T., Malmberg, B., & Halvarsson, M. (2007). The Relationship between Demographic Change and Economic Growth in the EU. Institut Für Demographie: Research Report 32. Retrieved from https://www.oeaw.ac.at/fileadmin/subsites/Institute/VID/PDF/Publications/Forschungsberichte/FB32.pdf

Yang, W. (1967). Human Resource as the Key Factor of Economic Development. Atlanta University: Thesis. Retrieved from http://digitalcommons.auctr.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2326&context=dissertations

Solow, R. M. (1956). A Contribution to the Theory of Economic Growth. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 70 (1), 65–94. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/1884513

Tambunan, T. T. H. (2015). Perekonomian Indonesia: Era Orde Lama Hingga Jokowi. (R. Sikumbang, Ed.) (Pertama). Bogor: Ghalia Indonesia

Timm, N. H. (2002). Applied Multivariate Analysis. Springer Texts in Statistics. Retrieved from https://www.springer.com/gp/book/9780387953472

Wartawirausaha. (2014, September 28). Firmansyah Budi Prasetyo, Sarjana Yang Sukses Jadi Pengusaha Kripik Singkong. Retrieved from http://wartawirausaha.com/2014/09/firmansyah-budi-prasetyo-sarjana-yang-sukses-jadi-pengusaha-kripik-singkong/#ixzz4zMnS4Sjm



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jkap.29739

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 437 | views : 245

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 JKAP (Jurnal Kebijakan dan Administrasi Publik)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Copyright of JKAP (Jurnal Kebijakan dan Administrasi Publik) ISSN 0852-9213 (print), ISSN 2477-4693 (online)

Gedung MAP FISIPOL UGM, Kampus FISIPOL UGM Unit II

Jl. Prof. Dr. Sardjito, Sekip, Yogyakarta, 55281,

Phone: 0274-563825

Fax: 0274-589655
Email: igpa@ugm.ac.id