Assessing E-Leadership in the Public Sector during the COVID-19 Pandemic in ASEAN

Rahmad Agus Dwianto(1*)

(1) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author


The COVID-19 pandemic period is a challenge for leaders, which has spurred the implementation of e-leadership, especially in the public sector. This article discusses changes in public sector e- leadership practices in ASEAN countries. The research was based on a qualitative research design. Data analysis used NVivo application on secondary data from various recent scientific articles and World Bank data. The results show that the practice of e-leadership in the public sector has experienced a multiplicity of changes that have affected several aspects including organizational culture, time management, use of information technology in carrying out tasks, and meeting media. Digital literacy, transparency, and time hours indicators are important in assessing the condition of e-leadership before and during the Covid-19 pandemic. Multitasking remains a challenge during crises. Leadership ability and knowledge of leadership in digital technology is one of key factors that influence success


ASEAN countries; covid-19; e-leadership; public sector

Full Text:



Boin, A., & Lodge, M. (2016). Designing Resilient Institutions for Transboundary Crisis Management: a Time for Public Administration. Public Administration, 94(2), 289–298. (2020). Ernst Abbe | German physicist | In

Bryson, J. M., Crosby, B. C., & Bloomberg, L. (2014). Public value governance: Moving beyond traditional public administration and the new public management. Public Administration Review, 74(4), 445–456.

Curran, K., Graham, S., & Temple, C. (2011). Advertising on Facebook. International Journal of E-Business Development (IJED), 26(1), 26–33.

International Labour Organization. (2020). An employers’ Guide on Working from Home in Response to the Outbreak of COVID-19. In International Labour Organization.

Kapucu, N., & Garayev, V. (2011). Collaborative Decision-Making in emergency and disaster Management. International Journal of Public Administration, 34(6), 366–375.

Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan. (2020). Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan.

Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika. (2019). Proyek Palapa Ring, Layanan Internet Cepat dan Murah dari Jokowi. et+di+Indonesia+63+Juta+Orang/0/berita_satker

Kusumastuti, A., & Nuryani, A. (2020). Digital Literacy Levels in ASEAN (Comparative Study on ASEAN Countries).

Larjovuori, R. L., Bordi, L., & Heikkilä-Tammi, K. (2018). Leadership in the digital business transformation. ACM International Conference Proceeding Series, 212–221.

Makarius, E. E., & Larson, B. Z. (2017). Changing the perspective of virtual work: Building virtual intelligence at the individual level. In Academy of Management Perspectives (Vol. 31, Issue 2, pp. 159–178).

Mihardjo, L. W. W. (2020). Budaya Perusahaan di Era Digital berbasis Co-creation-Innovation. Strategic Management in Digital Era: Revisited Concept and Findings, August, pp.187-215.

Morrison-Smith, S., & Ruiz, J. (2020). Challenges and barriers in virtual teams: a literature review. In SN Applied Sciences (Vol. 2, Issue 6). Springer International Publishing.

Mustajab, D., Bauw, A., Irawan, A., Rasyid, A., Aldrin Akbar, M., & Amin Hamid, M. (2020). Covid-19 Pandemic: What are the Challenges and Opportunities for e-Leadership? Fiscaoeconomia, 4(2), 483–497.

Oswald, G., & Kleinemeier, M. (2016). Shaping the digital enterprise: Trends and use cases in digital innovation and transformation. Shaping the Digital Enterprise: Trends and Use Cases in Digital Innovation and Transformation, 1–335.

Pemerintah Kabupaten Banyuwangi. (2020). Cegah Penyebaran Covid-19, Ini Kebijakan Banyuwangi di Bidang Kesehatan. In Banyuwangikab.go.Id.

Salsabila, P. Z. (2020). Jumlah Pengguna Microsoft Teams Melonjak. In

The ASEAN Post. (2020). WFH Longer Work Hours?

Toleikienė, R., Rybnikova, I., & Juknevičienė, V. (2020). Whether and how does the crisis-induced situation change e-leadership in the public sector? Evidence from lithuanian public administration. Transylvanian Review of Administrative Sciences, 2020(special issue), 149–166.

World Bank. (2021). Voice and accountability by country, around the world | In

World Health Organization. (2021). Weekly Operational Update on COVID-19. World Health Organization (WHO), 53, 1–10.

Yuliani, A. (2017). Kemenkop UKM: 3,79 Juta UMKM Sudah Go Online. et+di+Indonesia+63+Juta+Orang/0/berita_satker


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 6490 | views : 3211


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 JKAP (Jurnal Kebijakan dan Administrasi Publik)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.