Pengaruh Kebijakan Social Distancing pada Wabah COVID-19 terhadap Kelompok Rentan di Indonesia

https://doi.org/10.22146/jkki.55575

Anung Ahadi Pradana(1*), Casman Casman(2), Nur'aini Nur'aini(3)

(1) STIKes Mitra Keluarga
(2) STIKes RS Husada
(3) Spesialis Keperawatan Maternitas, First house Ichigao
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Indonesia sedang mengalami pandemik COVID-19 dan menerapkan prinsip social distancing melalui kebijakan Pembatasan Sosial Berskala Besar (PSBB). Tujuan penulisan artikel ini adalah untuk memberikan gambaran efek social distancing pada kelompok rentan. Metode penulisan menggunakan studi literatur sederhana, dimana 15 artikel  dari CINAHL, ScienceDirect, ProQuest dan PubMed telah terpilih. Hasilnya memperlihatkan bahwa peran orang tua selama masa isolasi adalah hal terpenting bagi anak. Ibu hamil sendiri memiliki perubahan fisiologis dan psikologis yang tidak menentu, sehingga diperlukan berbagai cara untuk memenuhi kebutuhan unik yang dimiliki oleh ibu hamil. Kelompok lansia menjadi kelompok paling berisiko menularkan dan tertular virus, isolasi dianggap tepat, namun harus tetap memperhatikan kebutuhan lansia sesuai tingkat kemandiriannya. Social distancing berdampak signifikan pada kelompok rentan, untuk itu diperlukan keseriusan dan kerjasama setiap lini.

Keywords


COVID-19; Social distancing; Kelompok rentan

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jkki.55575

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