Gejala Depresi pada Remaja Korban Bullying: A Scoping Review

Muhammad Yusuf Anshori(1), Azzam David Saifullah(2*), Ayyu Sandhi(3)

(1) Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Departemen Keperawatan Jiwa dan Komunitas, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Departemen Keperawatan Anak dan Maternitas, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author


Background: Depression is of major causes for disease and disability in adolescents. One of many factors that make teenager more vulnerable to depression is bullying. Identification of depression symptoms among adolescent is important to be investigated, especially due to bullying.
Objective: To review the symptoms of depression in adolescents caused by bullying.
Method: This is a scoping review research. Databases used were PubMed, EBSCOhost, Cochrane, and PsycNET. Inclusion criteria were: English and Bahasa Indonesia literature, published from 2013 to 2018, quantitative and/or qualitative research adolescent who suffered from depression due to bullying as the research subject, and available free full text. The article screening was based on PRISMA guidance; articles were assessed with the Crowe Critical Appraisal Tool (CCAT), extraction was done on Google form, and synthesis was performed on the extraction result
Results: 19 articles were obtained from the literature screening. Signs and symptoms of depression due to bullying were divided into three groups: psychic symptoms, physical symptoms, and social symptoms. A common symptom of depression in adolescents suffered from bullying was the desire for death, and the desire for death became the most general signs and symptoms of the adolescents who became bullying victims.
Conclusions: Being a victim of bullying may cause adolescents to suffer from symptoms of depression in the form of psychic symptoms, physical symptoms, and social symptoms.


Latar belakang: Depresi merupakan pemicu penyakit hingga kecacatan pada usia remaja. Salah satu faktor yang menjadikan usia remaja rentan mengalami depresi adalah bullying. Identifikasi gejala depresi pada remaja penting untuk dipelajari, terutama akibat bullying.
Tujuan: Melakukan review gejala-gejala depresi pada remaja korban bullying.
Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan scoping review, artikel diperoleh dari proses pencarian pada database PubMed, EBSCOhost, Cochrane, dan PsycNET. Kriteria inklusi artikel yaitu literatur berbahasa Inggris dan bahasa Indonesia, terbit dari tahun 2013-2018, penelitian kuantitatif dan/atau kualitatif dengan populasi penelitian berupa remaja korban bullying, serta artikel penuhnya dapat diakses. Skrining bertahap dilakukan dan didokumentasikan sesuai bagan alir PRISMA. Artikel hasil skrining dinilai dengan Crowe Critical Appraisal Tool (CCAT), ekstraksi dan sintesis artikel dilakukan pada Google Form.
Hasil: Dalam proses screening, diperoleh 19 artikel. Gejala depresi pada remaja korban bullying dapat dikelompokkan menjadi tiga yaitu gejala psikis, gejala fisik, dan gejala sosial. Gejala khas depresi pada remaja korban bullying adalah gejala psikis berupa ide bunuh diri. Ide bunuh diri ini menjadi tanda dan gejala depresi yang paling banyak ditemukan pada remaja korban bullying.
Kesimpulan: Kejadian bullying selama masa remaja berpengaruh secara potensial untuk menyebabkan gejala depresi baik gejala psikis, gejala fisik, maupun gejala sosial.


bullying; depresi; remaja

Full Text:



  1. Depression A Global Public Health Concern,
  2. Government of Western Australia Departement of Health. Child and Adolescent Community Health: Guideline Depression.
  3. Kementerian Kesehatan RI. Rencana Strategi Kementerian Kesehatan Tahun 2015-2016.
  4. Komisi Perlindungan Anak Indonesia. KPAI: Kasus Bullying dan Pendidikan Kanker. .2014
  5. Ramadhani A, Retnowati S. Depresi pada Remaja Korban Bullying. Jurnal Psikologi. 2013;9(2):73-9.
  6. Kardiana, I Gede Surya., Westa, I Wayan. Gambaran Tingkat Depresi terhadap Perilaku Bullying pada Siswa di SMP PGRI 2 Denpasar. Elektronik Jurnal Medika Udayana, 4(6).
  7. Crowe, M. Crow Critical Appraisal Tool (CCAT) User Guide Form (v1.4). .2013
  8. Pham MD, Romero L, Parnell B, Anderson DA, Crowe SM, Luchters S. Feasibility of Antiretroviral Treatment Monitoring in the Era of Decentralized HIV Care: A Systematic Review. AIDS Research and Therapy. 2017 Dec;14(1):3.
  9. Dirgayunita A. Depresi: Ciri, Penyebab, dan Penanganannya. Journal An-Nafs: Kajian Penelitian Psikologi. 2016 Sep 19;1(1):1-4.
  10. Poon K. Understanding Risk-Taking Behavior in Bullies, Victims, and Bully Victims Using Cognitive-and Emotion-Focused Approaches. Frontiers in Psychology. 2016 Nov 29;7:1838.
  11. Kowalski RM, Limber SP. Psychological, Physical, and Academic Correlates of Cyberbullying and traditional bullying. Journal of Adolescent Health. 2013 Jul 1;53(1):S13-20.
  12. Klomek AB, Snir A, Apter A, Carli V, Wasserman C, Hadlaczky G, Hoven CW, Sarchiapone M, Balazs J, Bobes J, Brunner R. Association between Victimization by Bullying and Direct Self Injurious Behavior among Adolescence in Europe: a Ten-Country Study. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. 2016 Nov 1;25(11):1183-93.
  13. Oriol X, Miranda R, Amutio A, Acosta HC, Mendoza MC, Torres-Vallejos J. Violent Relationships at The Social-Ecological Level: A Multi-Mediation Model to Predict Adolescent Victimization by Peers, Bullying and Depression in Early and Late Adolescence. PLoS one. 2017 Mar 30;12(3):e0174139.
  14. Becker SP, Mehari KR, Langberg JM, Evans SW. Rates of Peer Victimization in Young Adolescents with ADHD and Associations with Internalizing Symptoms and Self-Esteem. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. 2017 Feb 1;26(2):201-14.
  15. Maji S, Bhattacharya S, Ghosh D. Cognitive Coping and Psychological Problems among Bullied and Non-Bullied Adolescents. Journal of Psychosocial Research. 2016 Jul 1;11(2):387.
  16. Hansen HH, Hasselgård CE, Undheim AM, Indredavik MS. Bullying Behaviour among Norwegian Adolescents: Psychiatric Diagnoses and School Well-Being in a Clinical Sample. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry. 2014 Jul 1;68(5):355-61.
  17. Silberg JL, Copeland W, Linker J, Moore AA, Roberson-Nay R, York TP. Psychiatric Outcomes of Bullying Victimization: A Study of Discordant Monozygotic Twins. Psychological Medicine. 2016 Jul;46(9):1875-83.
  18. Herge WM, La Greca AM, Chan SF. Adolescent Peer Victimization and Physical Health Problems. Journal of Pediatric Psychology. 2015 Jun 6;41(1):15-27.
  19. Schacter HL, Juvonen J. The Effects of School-Level Victimization on Self-Blame: Evidence for Contextualized Social Cognitions. Developmental Psychology. 2015 Jun;51(6):841.
  20. Bell R, Arnold E, Golden S, Langdon S, Anderson A, Bryant A. Perceptions and Psychosocial Correlates of Bullying among Lumbee Indian youth. American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research (Online). 2014;21(1):1.
  21. Ybarra ML, Mitchell KJ, Kosciw JG, Korchmaros JD. Understanding Linkages between Bullying and Suicidal Ideation in a National Sample of LGB and Heterosexual Youth in the United States. Prevention Science. 2015 Apr 1;16(3):451-62.
  22. DeSmet A, Deforche B, Hublet A, Tanghe A, Stremersch E, De Bourdeaudhuij I. Traditional and Cyberbullying Victimization as Correlates of Psychosocial Distress and Barriers to a Healthy Lifestyle among Severely Obese Adolescents–A Matched Case–Control Study on Prevalence and Results from A Cross-Sectional Study. BMC Public Health. 2014 Dec;14(1):224.
  23. Bar-Zomer J, Brunstein Klomek A. Attachment to Parents as a Moderator in the Association Between Sibling Bullying and Depression or Suicidal Ideation among Children and Adolescents. Frontiers in Psychiatry. 2018 Mar 12;9:72.
  24. Hong L, Guo L, Wu H, Li P, Xu Y, Gao X, Deng J, Huang G, Huang J, Lu C. Bullying, Depression, and Suicidal Ideation among Adolescents in the Fujian Province of China: a Cross-Sectional Study. Medicine. 2016 Feb;95(5).
  25. Stanley IH, Horowitz LM, Bridge JA, Wharff EA, Teach SJ. Bullying and Suicide Risk among Pediatric Emergency Department Patients. Pediatric Emergency Care. 2016 Jun;32(6):347.
  26. Jantzer V, Haffner J, Parzer P, Resch F, Kaess M. Does Parental Monitoring Moderate the Relationship between Bullying and Adolescent Nonsuicidal Self-Injury and Suicidal Behavior? A Community-Based Self-Report Study of Adolescents in Germany. BMC Public Health. 2015 Dec;15(1):583.
  27. Lee K, Guy A, Dale J, Wolke D. Does Psychological Functioning Mediate the Relationship between Bullying Involvement and Weight Loss Preoccupation in Adolescents? A Two-Stage Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 2017 Dec;14(1):38.
  28. Sutin AR, Robinson E, Daly M, Terracciano A. Parent-Reported Bullying and Child Weight Gain between Ages 6 and 15. Childhood Obesity. 2016 Dec 1;12(6):482-7.
  29. O'Brennan LM, Bradshaw CP, Sawyer AL. Examining Developmental Differences in the Social‐Emotional Problems among Frequent Bullies, Victims, and Bully/Victims. Psychology in the Schools. 2009 46(2), 100-115.
  30. Nakamoto J, Schwartz D. Is Peer Victimization Associated with Academic Achievement? A Meta Analytic Review. Social Development. 2010 19(2), 221-242.
  31. Yusuf NP. Hubungan Harga Diri dan Kesepian dengan Depresi pada Remaja. In Seminar ASEAN 2nd Psychology & Humanity. Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang 2016 (pp. 386-393).
  32. Kaltiala-Heino R, Rimpelä M, Rantanen P, Rimpelä A. Bullying at School—An Indicator of Adolescents at Risk for Mental Disorders. Journal of Adolescence. 2000 23(6), 661-674.
  33. Hertinjung WS, Karyani U. Profil Pelaku dan Korban Bullying di Sekolah Dasar. Hubungan Bentuk Perilaku Bullying dengan Tingkat Stres pada Remaja Korban Bullying. 2015
  34. Klomek AB, Sourander A, Gould M. The Association of Suicide and Bullying in Childhood to Young Adulthood: A Review of Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Research Findings. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. 2010 55(5), 282-288.
  35. Skapinakis P, Bellos S, Gkatsa T, Magklara K, Lewis G, Araya R., ... Mavreas V. The Association between Bullying and Early Stages of Suicidal Ideation in Late Adolescents in Greece. BMC Psychiatry. 2011 11(1), 22.
  36. Evans E, Hawton K, Rodham K, Deeks J. The Prevalence of Suicidal Phenomena in Adolescents: A Systematic Review of Population-Based Studies. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior. 2005 35(3), 239-250.
  37. Andriani N, Elita V, Rahmalia S. Hubungan Bentuk Perilaku Bullying dengan Tingkat Stres pada Remaja Korban Bullying. Jurnal Online Mahasiswa Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan, No Volume, 2017 426-435. Retrieved from
  38. Sutin AR, Zonderman AB. Depressive Symptoms are Associated with Weight Gain among Women. Psychological Medicine. 2012 42(11), 2351-2360.
  39. Sticca F, Perren S. Is Cyberbullying Worse than Traditional Bullying? Examining the Differential Roles of Medium, Publicity, and Anonymity for the Perceived Severity of Bullying. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 2013 42(5), 739-750.
  40. Biebl SJ, DiLalla LF, Davis EK, Lynch KA, Shinn SO. Longitudinal Associations among Peer Victimization and Physical and Mental Health Problems. Journal of Pediatric Psychology. 2011 36(8), 868-877.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2259 | views : 2620


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Muh. Yusuf Anshori, Azam David Saifullah, Ayyu Sandhi

Jurnal Keperawatan Klinis dan Komunitas (Clinical and Community Nursing Journal) 
collaborates with DPW PPNI DIY

Lisensi Creative Commons  

Jurnal Keperawatan Klinis dan Komunitas (Clinical and Community Nursing Journal) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.