Pengaruh Pendidikan Kesehatan Mental Se-Jiwaku terhadap Kecemasan dan Perilaku Impulsif Siswa pada Salah Satu SMA di Yogyakarta: Studi Retrospektif

https://doi.org/10.22146/jkkk.61666

Heavysta British Fenderin(1), Intansari Nurjannah(2*), Ariani Arista Putri Pratiwi(3)

(1) Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Departemen Keperawatan Jiwa dan Komunitas, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Departemen Keperawatan Dasar dan Emergensi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: The total number of adolescents in the world who have anxiety reaches 31,9%, or as many as 1 in 3 teenagers, when they are 18 years old. In addition to anxiety, problems in the form of messing up/making trouble are also often encountered in school-age children, this is due to their limited ability to provide an assessment of the situation which then gives rise to impulsive behaviour. Health education might be applied to help student in regard to anxiety and impulsive behaviours.
Objective: To determine whether Se-Jiwaku Mental Health Education affects the level of anxiety and impulsive behaviours among students in one of senior high school in Yogyakarta.
Methods: This study used a retrospective study design with a descriptive-analytic approach. There were 14 respondents which consisted of 12 females and 2 males. T-MAS and BIS-11 questionnaire were applied as data collecting instruments. The analytical test used was the non-parametric Wilcoxon analysis to see the change in data from pre-test to post-test due to the influence of the Se-Jiwaku Mental Health Education intervention.
Results: The results of this study was 11 out of 14 respondents experience anxiety. For the impulsivity variable, the response range was between 62-89 with a cut-off point of 30 and a maximum score of 120, The Wilcoxon test results on the anxiety variable showed a score of 0,077 (more than p=0,05) and the impulsivity variable showed a sig. 2 tailed number of 0,268 (more than p=0,05)
Conclusion: There is not any effect of Se-Jiwaku Mental Health Education on the level of anxiety and impulsive behaviours in Yogyakarta Senior High School Students who become research respondents.

 

ABSTRAK

Latar belakang: Total remaja di dunia yang memiliki kecemasan mencapai angka 31,9% atau sebanyak 1 dari 3 remaja mengalami kecemasan saat berusia 18 tahun. Selain kecemasan, permasalahan berupa mengacau/berbuat onar juga sering ditemui pada anak usia sekolah. Hal ini disebabkan oleh terbatasnya kemampuan dalam memberi penilaian terhadap situasi yang kemudian memunculkan perilaku impulsif. Pendidikan kesehatan dapat diaplikasikan untuk membantu siswa terkait kecemasan dan perilaku impulsif ini.
Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui apakah Pendidikan Kesehatan Mental Se-Jiwaku berpengaruh pada tingkat kecemasan dan perilaku impulsif pada siswa di salah satu SMA di Yogyakarta.
Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan desain Retrospective Study dengan pendekatan deskriptif analitik. Jumlah responden yang terlibat sebanyak 14 siswa yang terdiri dari 12 perempuan dan 2 lelaki. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah Kuesioner T-MAS dan BIS-11. Uji analisis yang digunakan adalah analisis non-parametrik Wilcoxon untuk melihat perubahan data dari pre-test ke post-test akibat pengaruh intervensi Pendidikan Kesehatan Mental Se-Jiwaku.
Hasil: Hasil penelitian mendapati 11 dari 14 responden (78,6%) mengalami kecemasan sedangkan untuk variabel perilaku impulsif, responden memiliki rentang respon antara 62-89 dengan cut-off poin 30 dan skor maksimal 120. Uji Wilcoxon pada variabel kecemasan menunjukkan skor 0,077 (lebih besar dari p=0,05) dan pada variabel perilaku impulsif menunjukkan angka sig.2 tailed sebesar 0,268 (lebih besar dari p=0,05).
Kesimpulan: Tidak ada pengaruh Pendidikan Kesehatan Mental Se-Jiwaku terhadap tingkat kecemasan dan perilaku impulsif pada Siswa SMA di Yogyakarta yang menjadi responden penelitian ini.


Keywords


kecemasan; perilaku impulsif; Pendidikan Kesehatan Mental Se-Jiwaku

Full Text:

PDF


References

  1. Copeland WE, Angold A, Shanahan L, Costello EJ. Longitudinal Patterns of Anxiety From Childhood to Adulthood: The Great Smoky Mountains Study. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry [Internet]. 2014 Jan; 53(1): 21–33. Available from: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0890856713006989
  2. The National Health Service. Mental Health of Children and Young People in England, 2017 [PAS] - NHS Digital. England; 2018.
  3. Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Riset Kesehatan Dasar Nasional 2013 (RISKESDAS 2013). Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia; 2013.
  4. Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Riset Kesehatan Dasar Nasional 2018 (RISKESDAS 2018). Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia; 2018.
  5. Twenge JM. Time Period and Birth Cohort Differences in Depressive Symptoms in The U.S., 1982–2013. Soc Indic Res [Internet]. 2015 Apr 5; 121(2): 437–54. Available from: http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11205-014-0647-1
  6. Costello EJ, Egger H, Angold A. 10-Year Research Update Review: The Epidemiology of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Disorders: I. Methods and Public Health Burden. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry [Internet]. 2005 Oct; 44(10): 972–86. Available from: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0890856709617597
  7. Giedd JN, Blumenthal J, Jeffries NO, Castellanos FX, Liu H, Zijdenbos A, et al. Brain Development during Childhood and Adolescence: A Longitudinal MRI study. Nat Neurosci [Internet]. 1999 Oct; 2(10): 861–3. Available from: http://www.nature.com/articles/nn1099_861
  8. Department of Health. The Government’s Expenditure Plans 2001-2002 to 2003-2004 and Main Estimates 2001-2002. London; 2001.
  9. Kuyken W, Weare K, Ukoumunne OC, Vicary R, Motton N, Burnett R, et al. Effectiveness of The Mindfulness in Schools Programme: Non-Randomised Controlled Feasibility Study. Br J Psychiatry [Internet]. 2013 Aug 2; 203(2): 126–31. Available from: https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0007125000067532/type/journal_article
  10. Kendall E. The Validity of Taylor’s Manifest Anxiety Scale. J Consult Psychol [Internet]. 1954; 18(6): 429–32. Available from: http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/h0057760
  11. Reise SP, Moore TM, Sabb FW, Brown AK, London ED. The Barratt Impulsiveness Scale–11: Reassessment of Its Structure in A Community Sample. Psychol Assess [Internet]. 2013 Jun; 25(2): 631–42. Available from: http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/a0032161
  12. Wiklund M, Malmgren-Olsson E-B, Öhman A, Bergström E, Fjellman-Wiklund A. Subjective Health Complaints in Older Adolescents are Related to Perceived Stress, Anxiety and Gender – A Cross-Sectional School Study in Northern Sweden. BMC Public Health [Internet]. 2012 Dec 16; 12(1): 993. Available from: https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2458-12-993
  13. Hyde JS, Mezulis AH, Abramson LY. The ABC's of Depression: Integrating Affective, Biological, and Cognitive Models to Explain The Emergence of The Gender Difference in Depression. Psychol Rev [Internet]. 2008 Apr; 115(2): 291–313. Available from: http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/0033-295X.115.2.291
  14. Neumann A, van Lier PAC, Gratz KL, Koot HM. Multidimensional Assessment of Emotion Regulation Difficulties in Adolescents Using the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale. Assessment [Internet]. 2010 Mar 14; 17(1): 138–49. Available from: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1073191109349579
  15. Lien L, Dalgard F, Heyerdahl S, Thoresen M, Bjertness E. The Relationship between Age of Menarche and Mental Distress in Norwegian Adolescent Girls and Girls from Different Immigrant Groups in Norway: Results from An Urban City Cross-Sectional Survey. Soc Sci Med [Internet]. 2006 Jul; 63(2): 285–95. Available from: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0277953606000062
  16. Stattin H, Kerr M, Skoog T. Early Pubertal Timing and Girls’ Problem Behavior: Integrating Two Hypotheses. J Youth Adolesc [Internet]. 2011 Oct 17; 40(10): 1271–87. Available from: http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10964-011-9696-9
  17. Dir AL, Coskunpinar A, Cyders MA. A Meta-Analytic Review of The Relationship between Adolescent Risky Sexual Behavior and Impulsivity Across Gender, Age, and Race. Clin Psychol Rev [Internet]. 2014 Nov; 34(7): 551–62. Available from: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0272735814001330
  18. Piko BF, Pinczés T. Impulsivity, Depression and Aggression among Adolescents. Pers Individ Dif [Internet]. 2014 Oct; 69: 33–7. Available from: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S019188691400292X
  19. Fazel M, Patel V, Thomas S, Tol W. Mental Health Interventions in Schools in Low-Income and Middle-Income Countries. Vol. 1, The Lancet Psychiatry. Elsevier Ltd; 2014. p. 388–98.
  20. Barry MM, Clarke AM, Jenkins R, Patel V. A Systematic Review of The Effectiveness of Mental Health Promotion Interventions for Young People in Low and Middle Income Countries. BMC Public Health [Internet]. 2013 Dec 11; 13(1): 835. Available from: http://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2458-13-835
  21. Panter-Brick C, Goodman A, Tol W, Eggerman M. Mental Health and Childhood Adversities: A Longitudinal Study in Kabul, Afghanistan. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry [Internet]. 2011 Apr; 50(4): 349–63. Available from: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0890856710009354
  22. Wells J, Barlow J, Stewart‐Brown S. A Systematic Review of Universal Approaches to Mental Health Promotion in Schools. Health Educ [Internet]. 2003 Aug; 103(4): 197–220. Available from: https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/09654280310485546/full/html
  23. Betancourt TS, Agnew-Blais J, Gilman SE, Williams DR, Ellis BH. Past Horrors, Present Struggles: The Role of Stigma in The Association between War Experiences and Psychosocial Adjustment among Former Child Soldiers in Sierra Leone. Soc Sci Med [Internet]. 2010 Jan; 70(1): 17–26. Available from: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0277953609006297
  24. Calear AL, Christensen H. Systematic Review of School-based Prevention and Early Intervention Programs for Depression. J Adolesc [Internet]. 2010 Jun; 33(3): 429–38. Available from: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0140197109001006
  25. Corrales O. Su-Jok Therapy in Patients with Anxiety Dad, Seen in Consultation at The Community Center of Arroyo Naranjo Mental Health. "Julio Trigo López ”, City of Havana, Cuba; 2008.
  26. Catalano RF, Fagan AA, Gavin LE, Greenberg MT, Irwin CE, Ross DA, et al. Worldwide Application of Prevention Science in Adolescent Health. Vol. 379, The Lancet. Elsevier B.V.; 2012. p. 1653–64.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jkkk.61666

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2309 | views : 1928

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Heavysta British Fenderin, Intansari Nurjannah, Ariani Arista Putri Pratiwi



Jurnal Keperawatan Klinis dan Komunitas (Clinical and Community Nursing Journal) 
collaborates with DPW PPNI DIY

Lisensi Creative Commons  

Jurnal Keperawatan Klinis dan Komunitas (Clinical and Community Nursing Journal) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

https://salto.poltekip.ac.id/css/

https://thinkcat.mywhc.ca/menyalaabangku/

https://thinkcat.mywhc.ca/sawercuan/

https://bandungkab.go.id/tests/

https://ebphtb.acehtimurkab.go.id/css/

https://h2h.web.uinjambi.ac.id/

https://elicer.com.br/wp-content/kt/

http://koe.polywatch.com.my/

https://rx8.mywow2.com/wp-includes/css/

http://mundotvonline.medianewsonline.com/wp-includes/css/