Uji Validitas dan Reliabilitas pada Instrumen Kidney Disease Quality of Life-36 (KDQOL-36) pada Pasien dengan Hemodialisis

https://doi.org/10.22146/jkkk.81530

Muhammad Cahyono Tito Hudoyo(1*), Melyza Perdana(2), Sri Setiyarini(3)

(1) Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Departemen Keperawatan Medikal Bedah, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Departemen Keperawatan Medikal Bedah, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: The health condition or quality of life of patient with hemodialysis should be monitored continuously by health worker. KDQOL-36 is a specific instrument for reviewing the quality of life of patient with renal failure. A valid and reliable KDQOL-36 instrument is needed to measure the quality of life of patient with chronic kidney disease. 
Objective: To determine the validity and reliability of the Indonesian version of the KDQOL-36 intrument.
Method: This was psychometric study to assess content validity and reliability. The research was conducted at Hemodialysis Unit of Academic Hospital of Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta. Respondents were patients who underwent hemodialysis. The research instrument was KDQOL-36 Indonesian version. Validity test was run by 3 doctors specializing in kidney disease and hypertension, 2 clinical renal nurses, and 1 academician. Testing reliability used internal consistency.
Result: Based on the statistical test, the CVI value was 1,00 and the coefficient value of Cronbach's Alpha KDQOL-36 Indonesian version was 0,708.
Conclusion: The Indonesian version of the KDQOL-36 is a valid and reliable instrument.

ABSTRAK

Latar belakang: Pasien yang menjalani hemodialisis harus dipantau kondisi atau kualitas hidupnya secara terus-menerus oleh petugas kesehatan. KDQOL-36 merupakan instrumen khusus yang penting untuk menilai kualitas hidup pasien gagal ginjal. Diperlukan instrumen KDQOL-36 yang valid dan reliabel untuk mengukur kualitas hidup pasien dengan penyakit ginjal kronis.
Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui validitas dan reliabilitas KDQOL-36 versi Bahasa Indonesia.
Metode: Penelitian ini adalah penelitian psikometri untuk menilai validitas isi dan reliabilitas. Penelitian dilakukan di Unit Hemodialisis Rumah Sakit Akademik Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta. Responden adalah pasien yang menjalani hemodialisis. Instrumen penelitian yang digunakan adalah KDQOL-36 versi Bahasa Indonesia. Validitas isi diuji oleh 3 dokter spesialis penyakit ginjal dan hipertensi, 2 perawat renal klinis, dan 1 akademisi. Pengujian reliabilitas menggunakan internal consistency. 
Hasil: Berdasarkan uji statistik, didapatkan nilai CVI adalah 1,00 dan nilai koefisien Cronbach’s Alpha KDQOL-36 versi bahasa Indonesia adalah 0,708.
Kesimpulan: KDQOL-36 versi bahasa Indonesia merupakan instrumen yang valid dan reliabel. 


Keywords


hemodialisis; kDQOL-36; validitas; reliabilitas

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jkkk.81530

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