Pengaruh Edukasi dengan Video Terhadap Pengetahuan, Sikap, dan Kecemasan dalam Pencegahan Covid-19

https://doi.org/10.22146/jkkk.93849

Wenny Artanty Nisman(1*), Agustina Dwi Rahmawati(2), Aizizha Syeilla Noverlis(3), Fitria Endang Pratiwi(4), Ika Paramawati(5), Itsna Luthfi Kholisa(6), Lely Lusmilasari(7)

(1) Departemen Keperawatan Anak dan Maternitas, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(4) Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(5) Departemen Keperawatan Anak dan Maternitas, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(6) Departemen Keperawatan Anak dan Maternitas, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(7) Departemen Keperawatan Anak dan Maternitas, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: Currently adolescents have limited knowledge about COVID-19. Unfortunately, it needs  good understanding and knowledge to break the chain of COVID-19 spreadth. Thus, it is necessary to educate them with video about COVID-19.
Objective: To know the effect of video education on increasing knowledge and attitudes, and reducing anxiety among adolescents in the prevention of COVID-19.
Method: This type of research was a quasi-experimental with a non-equivalent (pretest and posttest) control group design. SMPN A Depok was the intervention group, while SMPN B Depok was the control group. A continuous sampling technique was used to determine the samples in the schools. The video had undergone a content validity test conducted by 3 experts who declared it feasible and valid to provide information about COVID-19. Research instruments in the form of knowledge, attitude and anxiety questionnaires were also declared valid and reliable. Data were analysed using the Mann-Whitney U test.
Results: The score difference of posttest and pretest for knowledges, attitude and anxiety between intervention and control groups were as follows: knowledge (p = 0,574), attitude (p = 0,178), anxiety (p=0,144). COVID-19 education using videos did not have a significant effect on increasing knowledge and attitude, and reducing anxiety in adolescents.
Conclusion: Education using video media can not increase knowledge and reduce anxiety.

INTISARI

Latar belakang: Tingkat pengetahuan remaja saat ini tentang COVID-19 masih terbatas. Upaya pemutusan rantai penyebaran COVID-19 memerlukan pemahaman dan pengetahuan yang baik, sehingga perlu edukasi, salah satunya melalui media video.
Tujuan: Mengetahui pengaruh edukasi dengan video terhadap peningkatan pengetahuan, sikap, dan penurunan kecemasan remaja dalam pencegahan COVID-19.
Metode: Jenis penelitian adalah quasi experiment with a nonequivalent (pretest and posttest) control group design. Lokasi penelitian dilakukan di dua sekolah, yaitu SMPN A Depok sebagai kelompok intervensi dan SMPN B Depok sebagai kelompok kontrol. Penentuan sampel di sekolah dilaksanakan dengan teknik consecutive sampling. Video telah melalui uji validitas konten yang dilakukan oleh 3 orang ahli, dinyatakan layak dan valid untuk memberikan informasi tentang COVID-19. Instrumen penelitian berupa kuesioner pengetahuan, sikap, dan kecemasan juga telah dinyatakan valid dan reliabel. Analisis data dengan Mann-Whitney U test.
Hasil: Uji beda selisih nilai posttest dan pretest pengetahuan, sikap, dan kecemasan antara kelompok intervensi dan kontrol sebagai berikut: pengetahuan (p = 0,574); sikap (p = 0,178); kecemasan (p=0,144). Edukasi COVID-19 menggunakan video tidak berpengaruh signifikan terhadap peningkatan pengetahuan, sikap, dan penurunan kecemasan pada remaja.
Simpulan: Edukasi menggunakan media video belum dapat meningkatkan pengetahuan dan sikap, serta menurunkan kecemasan secara signifikan pada remaja. Oleh karena itu, diperlukan alternatif metode lain dalam memberikan edukasi pada remaja. 


Keywords


kecemasan; pencegahan COVID-19 di sekolah; pengetahuan; sikap; video edukasi

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jkkk.93849

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Copyright (c) 2024 Wenny Artanty Nisman, Agustina Dwi Rahmawati, Aizizha Syeilla Noverlis, Fitria Endang Pratiwi, Ika Paramawati, Itsna Luthfi Kholisa, Lely Lusmilasari



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