Keamanan Regional Asia Tenggara Dan Implementasi Terhadap Ketahanan Wilayah Indonesia Pasca Perjanjian AUKUS

https://doi.org/10.22146/jkn.75593

Saskia Tasnim Utami(1*)

(1) Universitas Paramadina
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Asia Tenggara khawatir atas strategi nuklir yang akan mengakibatkan adanya perlombaan senjata, meningkatkan potensi resiko konflik. Metode yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah metode penelitian kualitatif yang berdasarkan kepada studi objek maupun situasi dan peneliti sebagai sarana utama dalam penelitian ini. Metode pengumpulan data dengan cara triangulasi (kombinasi) dan diskusi dengan narasumber serta menggunakan Teori Neorealisme. 

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengenal serta menganalisa lebih jauh kemungkinan tentang bagaimana dampak dari perjanjian AUKUS pada kawasan regional Asia Tenggara dan bagaimana sikap yang harus diambil di masa kini maupun di masa depan demi pertahanan dan keamanan regional Asia Tenggara serta implementasinya terhadap ketahanan wilayah Indonesia berdasarkan konsep yang ada pada konsep ketahanan nasional demi pertahanan dan keamanan Indonesia.

Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa proyeksi kekuatan Perjanjian AUKUS yang akan mengancam keamanan serta stabilitas di kawasan Asia Tenggara. Perjanjian AUKUS dapat melemahkan ASEAN untuk melestarikan kawasan bebas nuklir demi perdamaian dan keamanan internasional dengan adanya perjanjian AUKUS ini menjadikan Traktat Zona Bebas Senjata Nuklir Asia Tenggara menjadi tidak terealisasikan serta penulis memberikan rekomendasi dan proyeksi tentang bagaimana sikap yang harus diambil oleh Indonesia terkait dengan Perjanjian AUKUS di dunia internasional.


Keywords


Keamanan Asia Tenggara, Perjanjian AUKUS, Ketahanan Wilayah Indonesia, Strategi Nuklir.

Full Text:

PDF


References

Australian Government, 16 September 2021, Australia to pursue nuclear powered submarines through new trilateral enchanced security partnership, Prime Minister of Australia’s office. https://www.pm.gov.au/media/australia-pursue-nuclear-powered-submarines-through-new-trilateral-enhanced-security Baylis, John 2008. The Globalization of World Politics: An Introduction to International Relations. Oxford. Oxford University Press. Christian Fjader, 2014 “The Nation-State, Nation Security and Resilience in the Age of Globalization”, Journal Resilience, Vol. 2, No.2, halaman 114-129 Dewi Kurnasih, Makmur Umar, April 2022. Jurnal Ketahanan Nasional, Pengaruh Implementasi Kebjiakan Kawasan Perbatasan Indonesia-Malaysia Terhadap Efektivitas Ketahanan Wilayah Di Kabupaten Nunukan Provinsi Kalimantan Utara. Euan Graham, 17 September 2021, Australia’s Well Kept Nuclear Submarine Secret, IIS. https://www.iiss.org/blogs/analysis/2021/09/australia-submarines Euro News Source, China Blasting AUKUS Defence Deal Is Proof That It Was The Right To Do. https://euronewssource.com/china-blasting-aukus-defence-deal-is-proof-that-it-was-the-right-thing-to-do/ Frederich Ratzel, 1844-1904. Geopolitics Theory. Goodman MP, 21 November 2017, Predatory Economics And The China Challenge. GIS Reports Online, How AUKUS Can Become A Powerful Security Actor. https://www.gisreportsonline.com/r/aukus-security/ Globalfirepower.com, 2022, Global Military Strength Ranking. https://www.globalfirepower.com/countries-listing.php Globalfirepower.com, 2022, Southeast Asia Military Powers Ranked. https://www.globalfirepower.com/countries-listing-southeast-asia.php House of Commons Library, June 2016, Nuclear weapons: disarmament and non-proliferation regimes. International Atomic Energy Agency, 1972, The Structure And Content Of Agreements Between The Agency And States Required In Connection With The Treaty On The Non-Proliferation Of Nuclear Weapons. https://www.iaea.org/sites/default/files/publications/documents/infcircs/1972/infcirc153.pdf Kenneth N. Waltz, 1979, Theory of International Politics, Addison-Wesley series in political science. Lippert B, Perthes V, 6 April 2020, Strategic Rivalry between United States and China, SWP Research Paper, Pages 1-53 https://www.csis.org/analysis/predatory-economics-and-china-challange Louisa Brooke, John Curtis, Claire Mills Holland 11 Oktober 2021, The AUKUS Agreement Research Breafing, House of Commons Library. https://researchbriefings.files.parliament.uk/documents/CBP9335/CBP-9335.pdf Mearsheimer J.J, 1994-1995, False Promise Of International Institutions, International Security Journal Vol. 19 No. 3 Winter, Pages 5-49 Moleong, (6: 2011), Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif, Bandung, Rosda. Mustafa, M. 21 September 2021, Philippines throws support behind AUKUS pact. Radio Free Asia. Phua A.T, 29 Oktober 2021, AUKUS: ASEAN’s Hesitant Response. https://www.rsis.edu.sg/research/cms/centre-resourcescms/cms-rsis-publications/?doing_wp_cron=1655614272.0132210254669189453125 P.H. Liotta, 2002 “Boomerang Effect: The Convergence of National and Human Security”, Security Dialogue, Vol. 4, halaman 473-488. Panji Suwarno, Siswo Hadi Sumantri, Fauzi Bahar, April 2021, Rekonstruksi Keamanan Maritim Indonesia Dalam Rangka Mewujudkan Ketahanan Wilayah (Studi Di Kabupaten Natuna Periode Tahun 2019-2020), Jurnal Ketahanan Nasional, Indonesia. Reiter D, 1999, Military Strategy And The Outbreak Of International Conflict, Journal Of Conflict Resolution, 43, Page 377. Rizky Hikmawan, Mei-Oktober 2020, Redefinisi Ketahanan Nasional Guna Mewujudkan Ketahanan Regional Di Asia Tenggara. LINO Jurnal Hubungan Internasional, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional “Veteran”, Jakarta. Sébastien Philippe, The new Australia, UK, and US nuclear submarine announcement: a terrible decision for the nonproliferation regime, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists https://thebulletin.org/2021/09/the-australian-submarine-agreement-turning-nuclear-cooperation-upside-down/ Sugiyono, (9 : 2011) Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan R&D. Bandung, Afabeta. The Guardian, 16 September 2021, AUKUS submarines banned from New Zealand as pact exposes divide with Western allies https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/sep/16/aukus-submarines-banned-as-pact-exposes-divide-between-new-zealand-and-western-allies Tom Corben; Ashley Townshend; Susannah Patton 2021. What Is The AUKUS Partnership? United States Studies Centre, https://www.ussc.edu.au/analysis/explainer-what-is-the-aukus-partnership https://www.rfa.org/english/news/china/pact-09212021152655.html Väyrynen R, 2003, Old And New Regionalism, International Studies Review, Pages 25-51 The Economist, AUKUS Reshapes The Strategic Of Indo-Pasific. https://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.economist.com%2Fsites%2Fdefault%2Ffiles%2Fimages%2Fprint-edition%2F20210925_FBM960.png&imgrefurl=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.economist.com%2Fbriefing%2F2021%2F09%2F25%2Faukus-reshapes-the-strategic-landscape-of-the-indo-pacific&tbnid=cZ3sXfML-amWYM&vet=12ahUKEwjfs4rK3bj4AhVUi9gFHbYvCkgQMygBegUIARC_AQ..i&docid=7Rmy6Ukw1ErDiM&w=1280&h=1447&q=AUKUS%20MAP&client=safari&ved=2ahUKEwjfs4rK3bj4AhVUi9gFHbYvCkgQMygBegUIARC_AQ Zhang, J & Martin, Oktober 2022, AUKUS Needs Economic Multilateralism. https//www.wilsoncenter.org/blog-post/aukus-needs-economic-multilateralism



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jkn.75593

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1089 | views : 1909

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2022 Saskia Tasnim Utami

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


web
analytics View My Stats