Efektivitas Pendidikan Pemilih Intrakurikuler Dalam Mata Pelajaran Sosiologi Untuk Membentuk Ketahanan Demokrasi (Studi Pada Siswa SMAN 7 Sekolah Penggerak, Kota Padang, Sumatra Barat)

https://doi.org/10.22146/jkn.82319

Reno Fernandes(1*), Azwar Ananda(2), Maria Montessori(3), Eka Vidya Putra(4), Monica Tiara(5)

(1) Universitas Negeri Padang
(2) Universitas Negeri Padang
(3) Universitas Negeri Padang
(4) Universitas Negeri Padang
(5) Universitas Negeri Padang
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi efektivitas pendidikan pemilih intrakurikuler dalam mata pelajaran Sosiologi dalam membentuk ketahanan demokrasi. Ketahanan demokrasi dapat dilihat dari tingkat literasi politik siswa di Sekolah Menenagah Atas.

Metode penelitian yang digunakan kuantitatif deskriptif dengan teknik pengumpulan data melalui pengamatan aktivitas siswa dan angket literasi politik. Normalized Gain Score digunakan untuk menganalisis data penelitian ini untuk melihat signifikansi perbedaan literasi politik antara kelas kontrol dengan kelas eksperimen.

Hasil pengukuran menunjukkan terdapat perbedaan literasi politik yang signifikan antara kelas eksperimen dan kelas kontrol. Temuan penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa pendidikan pemilih intrakurikuler merupakan solusi yang efektif untuk memastikan ketahanan demokrasi dan membentuk generasi pemilih yang terampil dan sadar. Konsekuensinya, hal ini memerlukan dukungan dan implementasi yang lebih luas dari pemerintah dan sekolah dalam upaya memastikan masa depan demokrasi di Indonesia.


Keywords


Pendidikan Pemilih Intrakurikuler; Literasi Politik; Ketahanan Demokrasi

Full Text:

PDF


References

Amran, A., dan A. Ananda, 2018, Development of adaptive contextual teaching model of integrated science to improve digital age literacy on grade VIII students. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Vol. 1116, No. 3, h. 32004.

Amri, E., N. Susilawati, dan R. Fernandes, 2019, Integrating The Voter Education To School Subjects In Formal Education. Proceeding Of The 1st International Conference On Asean (IC-ASEAN), h. 464.

Asher, H., 2016, Polling and the public: What every citizen should know. Cq Press.

Barber, J. P., 2012, Integration of learning: A grounded theory analysis of college students’ learning. American Educational Research Journal, Vol. 49, No. 3, hh. 590–617.

Boese, V. A., A.B. Edgell, S. Hellmeier, S.F. Maerz, dan S.I. Lindberg, 2021, How democracies prevail: democratic resilience as a two-stage process. Democratization, Vol. 28, No. 5, hh. 885–907. https://doi.org/10.1080/13510347.2021.1891413

Booth, S., S. Peacock, dan S.P.Vickers, 2011, Plug and play learning application integration using IMS Learning Tools Interoperability. Ascilite, hh. 143–147.

Carr, P. R., M. Hoechsmann, dan G. Thésée, 2018, Democracy 2.0: Media, political literacy and critical engagement, Brill.

Cords, N., R. Fischer, M. Euler, dan A. Prasad, 2012, Teaching optics with an intra-curricular kit designed for inquiry-based learning. Physics Education, Vol. 47, No. 1, h. 69.

Crick, B., 2000, Essays on citizenship, Continum Studies in Citizenship.

Crick, B., dan D.Heater, 2012, Essays on political education, Routledge.

Dassonneville, R., E. Quintelier, M. Hooghe, dan E. Claes, 2012, The Relation Between Civic Education and Political Attitudes and Behavior: A Two-Year Panel Study Among Belgian Late Adolescents. Applied Developmental Science, Vol. 16, No. 3, hh. 140–150. https://doi.org/10.1080/10888691.2012.695265

Deutsche Welle, 2021, Indeks Demokrasi 2020: Indonesia Catat Skor Terendah dalam 14 Tahun Terakhir. https://www.dw.com/id/indeks-demokrasi-indonesia-catat-skor-terendah-dalam-sejarah/a-56448378

Fernandes, R., 2022, Model Pembelajaran Connected To Political Education (C-Pe) dalam Pembelajaran Sosiologi untuk Meningkatkan Literasi Politik Pemilih Pemula, Universitas Negeri Padang.

Fernandes, R., A. Ananda, dan M. Montessori, M., 2022, Implementation of Intracurricular Political Education into Sociology Education for Young Voters. Vol. 1, No. 43, hh. 8916–8927.

Fitriyah, F., L.K. Alfirdaus, dan D.G. Manar, 2021, Partisipasi Politik dan Pemilih Muda: Konteks Pilgub Jateng 2018 dan Pilkada 2019 di Kabupaten Temanggung. Politika: Jurnal Ilmu Politik, Vol. 12, No. 1, hh. 1–10. https://doi.org/10.14710/politika.12.1.2021.1-10

Fogarty, R., 2009, How to integrate the curricula (Third), Corwin Press.

Forbes, J. M., dan F.D. Provenza, 2000, Integration of learning and metabolic signals into a theory of dietary choice and food intake. Ruminant Physiology: Digestion, Metabolism, Growth and Reproduction, hh. 3–19.

Fyfe, I., 2007, Hidden in the Curriculum: Political Literacy and Education fo Citizenship. Australia Melbourne Journal of Politics, Vol. 32, hh. 110–134.

Hamonangan, I., 2020, Pasar, Tata Kelola Dan Hubungan Transnasional Di Era Globalisasi Dan Implikasinya Terhadap Ketahanan Politik Dunia. Jurnal Ketahanan Nasional, Vol. 26, No. 1, h. 55. https://doi.org/10.22146/jkn.52695

Haq, R. S., dan A. Armawi, 2020, Implementasi Kebijakan E-Voting Dalam Pemilihan Kepala Desa ( Pilkades ) Di Kabupaten Boyolali Tahun 2019 Dan Implikasinya Terhadap Ketahanan Politik Wilayah., Jurnal Ketahanan Nasional, Vol. 26, No. 3, hh. 399–420.

Hawa, M., dan N.E.Wardani, 2019, The Implementation of Literary Sociology Learning Model with Contextual and Spiritual Quotient Approach to Teach Literary Sociology. International Journal of Instruction, Vol. 12, No. 1, hh. 283–298.

Heryanto, G. G., dkk., 2019, Literasi Politik: Dinamika Konsolidasi Demokrasi Indonesia Pascareformasi. IRCiSoD.

Hindman, M., 2008, The myth of digital democracy. In The Myth of Digital Democracy, Princeton University Press.

Hooper, B. R., D. Greene, P.L. Sample, 2014, Exploring features of integrative teaching through a microanalysis of connection-making processes in a health sciences curriculum, Advances in Health Sciences Education, Vol. 19, No. 4, hh. 469–495.

Howard, L. A.,dan B.D. Posler, 2012, Reframing political messages: Using a festival to reach young voters. Journal of Political Science Education, Vol. 8, No. 4, hh. 389–407.

Iosifidis, P., dan N. Nicoli, 2020, Digital democracy, social media and disinformation. Routledge.

Juditha, C., 2018, Hoax Communication Interactivity in Social Media and Anticipation (Interaksi Komunikasi Hoax di Media Sosial serta Antisipasinya). Pekommas, Vol. 3, No. 1.

Junaidi, Susilawati, N., R. Fernandes, I. Sylvia, dan E.V. Putra, 2020, Integration of Al-Quran Education and Minangkabau Culture on Subjects in Formal Schooling. https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200217.029

Kallio, E., 2011, Integrative thinking is the key: An evaluation of current research into the development of adult thinking. Theory & Psychology, Vol. 21, No. 6, hh. 785–801.

Keating, A., dan J.G. Janmaat, 2016, Education through citizenship at school: Do school activities have a lasting impact on youth political engagement? Parliamentary Affairs, Vol. 69, No. 2, hh. 409–429. https://doi.org/10.1093/pa/gsv017

Kementrian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, 2016, Materi Pokok Pelatihan Implementasi Kurikulum 2013.

Komariah, K., dan D.S. Kartini, 2019, Media Sosial dan Budaya Politik Generasi Milineal dalam Pemilu. Aristo, Vol. 7, No. 2, h. 228. https://doi.org/10.24269/ars.v7i2.1608

KPU RI, 2015, Pedoman Pendidikan Pemilih (S. Joyowardono & T. P. W. Ningsih (eds.)). Komisi Pemilihan Umum Republik Indonesia. www.kpu.go.id

Kus, Z., (2015, Political Literacy Status of Pre-Service Social Studies Teacher. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 177 (July 2014), hh. 197–202. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.02.383.

Leadbeatter, D., 2021, What is integration of learning? Teaching in Higher Education, Vol. 26, No. 1, hh. 1–19.

Lührmann, A., 2021, Disrupting the autocratization sequence: towards democratic resilience. Democratization, Vol. 28, No. 5, hh. 1017–1039. https://doi.org/10.1080/13510347.2021.1928080

Madhok, S., 2005, Autonomy, political literacy and the social woman: Towards a politics of inclusion. Rethinking Indian Political Institutions, hh. 151–168. https://doi.org/10.7135/UPO9781843317524.009

Marzuki, A. A. A., 2020, Penguatan demokrasi cyber di Indonesia pasca pemilu 2019. Masyarakat Indonesia, Vol. 45, No. 1, hh. 33–46.

Merkel, W., dan A. Lührmann, 2021, Resilience of democracies: responses to illiberal and authoritarian challenges. Democratization, Vol. 28, No. 5, hh. 869–884. https://doi.org/10.1080/13510347.2021.1928081

Ohme, J., F.Marquart, dan Kristensen, 2020, School lessons, social media and political events in a get-out-the-vote campaign: successful drivers of political engagement among youth? Journal of Youth Studies, Vol. 23, No. 7, hh. 886–908.

Pagallo, U., 2019, The Challenges of Digital Democracy, and How to Tackle Them in the Information Era. In On the Cognitive, Ethical, and Scientific Dimensions of Artificial Intelligence, hh. 385–393, Springer.

Permendikbud Nomor 21, Pub. L. No. 21 Tahun 2016 Tentang Standart ISI.

Permendikbud Nomor 24, 2016, https://doi.org/10.1016/0921-4534(89)90112-3

PKPU RI No 10 Tahun 2018, Pub. L. No. 10.

Putri, N. E., 2017, Dampak Literasi Politik Terhadap Partisipasi Pemilih Dalam Pemilu. Jurnal Agregasi : Aksi Reformasi Government Dalam Demokrasi, Vol. 5, No. 1. https://doi.org/10.34010/agregasi.v5i1.219

Reichenbach, R., 2018, Political Literacy: The State and Education. In International Handbook of Philosophy of Education, hh. 1429–1445, Springer.

Ridha, M., dan A. Riwanda, 2020, Literasi Media, Literasi Politik, dan Partisipasi Kewarganegaraan Pemilih Pemula di Era Digital. Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Pancasila Dan Kewarganegaraan, Vol. 5, No. 1, hh. 110–121.

Simon, J., T.Bass, V. Boelman, dan G. Mulgan, 2017, Digital democracy. The Tools Transforming Political Engagement. UK: Nesta, Jan.

Sirait, F. E. T., 2020, Ujaran Kebencian, Hoax dan Perilaku Memilih (Studi Kasus pada Pemilihan Presiden 2019 di Indonesia). Jurnal Penelitian Politik, Vol. 16, No. 2, hh. 179–190.

Sulastri, E., E.P. Purnomo, A. Setiawan, A.T. Fathani, dan C. Oktiawan, 2020, Pertarungan Perempuan Dalam Demokrasi Dunia Politik Untuk Mendukung Ketahanan Sosial Politik Di DKI Jakarta. Jurnal Ketahanan Nasional, Vol. 26, No. 3, h. 308. https://doi.org/10.22146/jkn.61152

Suryanef, S., dan A. Rafni, 2020, First-Time Voter Education Through the Democracy Volunteer Movement. Journal of Moral and Civic Education, Vol. 4, No. 2, hh. 60–68. https://doi.org/10.24036/8851412422020499

Trianto, 2007, Model Pembelajaran Terpadu dalam Teori dan Praktek, Jakarta: Prestasi Pustaka.

Undang-Undang Nomor 20 tahun 2003 tentang Sistem Pendidikan Nasional

Wood, B., R .Bolstad, R. Atkins, A. Milligan, dan M. Perreau, 2018, Civics, Citizenship and Political Literacy in The New Zealand Curriculum and Te Marautanga o Aotearoa. Our Civic Future, h. 10.

Zuhro, R. S., 2019, Demokrasi dan pemilu Presiden 2019. Jurnal Penelitian Politik, Vol. 16, No. 1, hh. 69–81.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jkn.82319

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1262 | views : 756

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2023 Reno Fernandes, Azwar Ananda, Maria Montessori, Eka Vidya Putra, Monica Tiara

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


web
analytics View My Stats