Tingkat Ketahanan Masyarakat Pada Desa Rawan Longsor Di Kecamatan Wanayasa Kabupaten Banjarnegara

https://doi.org/10.22146/jkn.89264

Isna Rahmawati(1*)

(1) Program Studi Pengembangan Masyarakat Islam, UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Tanah longsor menjadi salah satu bencana alam yang sering melanda wilayah pegunungan. Kecamatan Wanayasa menghadapi risiko bencana tanah longsor yang tinggi selama musim hujan. Kehilangan nyawa dan kerigian ekonomi akibat terjadinya tanah longsor menjadi ancaman langsung bagi kehidupan masyarakat. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis tingkat ketahanan masyarakat pada desa rawan longsor di Kecamatan Wanayasa. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kuantitatif deskriptif yang didukung dengan analisis skoring. Tingkat ketahanan masyarakat terhadap tanah longsor diukur menggunakan variabel sosial, ekonomi, fisik dan kapasitas masyarakat. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Desa Dawuhan memiliki tingkat ketahanan masyarakat yang tinggi (2,34), sedangkan Desa Bantar (2,18) dan Desa Susukan (1,94) memiliki tingkat ketahanan masyarakat sedang. Kapasitas masyarakat menjadi variabel dengan skor tertinggi, sedangkan variabel ekonomi memiliki skor terendah. Upaya peningkatan ketahanan masyarakat dapat diawali dengan meningkatkan ekonomi masyarakat. Ekonomi yang kuat memungkinkan masyarakat untuk berkembang dan meningkatkan ketahanannya pada aspek-aspek lain.  


Keywords


Ketahanan Masyarakat; Desa Rawan Longsor; Tanah Longsor

Full Text:

PDF


References

Adiwijaya, C. (2017). Pengaruh Pengetahuan Kebencanaan dan Sikap Masyarakat Terhadap Kesiapsiagaan Menghadapi Bencana Tanah Longsor (Studi di Kelurahan Lawanggintung, Kecamatan Bogor Selatan, Kota Bogor). Jurnal Prodi Manajemen Bencana, 3(2), 81–101.

ANTARA Jateng. (2018, March 12). Bencana Alam di Banjarnegara Akibatkan Kerugian Rp3,5 miliar. Https://Jateng.Antaranews.Com/Berita/191648/Bencana-Alam-Di-Banjarnegara-Akibatkan-Kerugian-Rp35-Miliar.

Ardinugroho, N. S., & Handayani, W. (2020). Landslide community resilience: An examination of six neighborhoods in Sukorejo, Semarang. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 447(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/447/1/012015

Beniston, M. (2003). Climatic Change in Mountain Regions: A Review of Possible Impacts. 5–31. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-015-1252-7_2

Bera, S., Guru, B., Chatterjee, R., & Shaw, R. (2020a). Geographic variation of resilience to landslide hazard: A household-based comparative studies in Kalimpong hilly region, India. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 46(December 2019), 101456. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2019.101456

Bera, S., Guru, B., Chatterjee, R., & Shaw, R. (2020b). Geographic variation of resilience to landslide hazard: A household-based comparative studies in Kalimpong hilly region, India. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 46. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2019.101456

BNPB. (2019). Kajian Risiko Bencana Banjarnegara Tahun 2019-2023.

BPS Kabupaten Banjarnegara. (2021). Kecamatan Wanayasa Dalam Angka 2021.

Cieslik, K., Shakya, P., Uprety, M., Dewulf, A., Russell, C., Clark, J., Dhital, M. R., & Dhakal, A. (2019). Building Resilience to Chronic Landslide Hazard Through Citizen Science. Frontiers in Earth Science, 7(November), 1–19. https://doi.org/10.3389/feart.2019.00278

Harris, C., McCarthy, K., Liu, E. L., Klein, K., Swienton, R., Prins, P., & Waltz, T. (2018). Expanding understanding of response roles: An examination of immediate and first responders in the United States. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(3). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15030534

Hidayat, R., & Munir, M. D. (2018). Longsor di Sungai Cipunagara dan Desain Penanganannya. Jurnal Lingkungan Dan Bencana Geologi, 10(1), 19–27.

IPCC. (2007). Climate Change 2007 : Synthesis Report (I. and I. to the F. A. R. of the I. P. on C. C. Contribution of Working Groups I, Ed.). The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

Iqbal, H. (2021). Geologi dan Analisis Kestabilan Lereng dalam Zonasi Rawan Longsor Daerah Pagergunung dan Sekitarnya, Kecamatan Wanayasa, Kabupaten Banjarnegara, Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran.

Jones, S., Aryal, K., & Collins, A. (2013). Local-level governance of risk and resilience in Nepal. 37(3), 442–467.

Karnawati, D., Fathani, T. F., Ignatius, S., Andayani, B., Legono, D., & Burton, P. W. (2011). Landslide hazard and community-based risk reduction effort in Karanganyar and the surrounding area, central Java, Indonesia. Journal of Mountain Science, 8(2), 149–153. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-011-2107-6

Kusumastuti, R. D., Viverita, Husodo, Z. A., Suardi, L., & Danarsari, D. N. (2014). Developing a resilience index towards natural disasters in Indonesia. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 10(PA), 327–340. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2014.10.007

Mayunga, J., & Peacock, G. W. (2010). The Development of a Community Disaster Resilience Framework and Index. Advancing the Resilience of Coastal Localities: Developing, Implementing and Sustaining the Use of Coastal Resilience Indicators: A Final Report, December, 2–57. https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.35146.80324

Norris, F. H., Stevens, S. P., Pfefferbaum, B., Wyche, K. F., & Pfefferbaum, R. L. (2008). Community resilience as a metaphor, theory, set of capacities, and strategy for disaster readiness. American Journal of Community Psychology, 41(1–2), 127–150. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10464-007-9156-6

Purwanti, W., Prasetyo, Y., & Darmo Yuwono, B. (2018). Analisis Dampak Perubahan Muka Tanah Akibat Bencana Tanah Longsor terhadap Kawasan Permukiman di Kabupaten Banjarnegara Menggunakan Metode DInSAR. Jurnal Geodesi Undip Oktober, 7(4).

Qasim, S., Qasim, M., & Shrestha, R. P. (2021). A survey on households’ resilience to landslide hazard in Murree hills of Pakistan. Environmental Challenges, 4(June), 100202. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envc.2021.100202

REP-MEQR. (2019). Panduan Kesiapsiagaan dan Penanganan Tanggap Darurat. In Madrasah Education Quality Reform (REP-MEQR) Proyek.

Scherzer, S., Lujala, P., & Rød, J. K. (2019). A community resilience index for Norway: An adaptation of the Baseline Resilience Indicators for Communities (BRIC). International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 36(March), 101107. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2019.101107

Sharifi, A. (2016). A critical review of selected tools for assessing community resilience. Ecological Indicators, 69, 629–647. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2016.05.023

Yoon, D. K., Kang, J. E., & Brody, S. D. (2015a). Journal of Environmental Planning and A measurement of community disaster resilience in Korea. May, 37–41. https://doi.org/10.1080/09640568.2015.1016142

Yoon, D. K., Kang, J. E., & Brody, S. D. (2015b). Journal of Environmental Planning and A measurement of community disaster resilience in Korea. May, 37–41. https://doi.org/10.1080/09640568.2015.1016142



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jkn.89264

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 150 | views : 97

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2024 Isna Rahmawati

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


web
analytics View My Stats