Prestasi Belajar pada Remaja yang Mengalami Dismenorea Primer

Yuniar Ika Fajarini(1*), Detty Siti Nurdiati(2), Retna Siwi Padmawati(3)

(1) STIKES Duta Gama Klaten
(2) Departemen Obstetri dan Ginekologi
(3) Departemen Perilaku Kesehatan, Lingkungan dan Kedokteran Sosial, FKKMK, UGM
(*) Corresponding Author


Background: Primary dysmenorrhea occurs in approximately 50% of teenage girls and cause serious disruptions in the quality of life and daily activities. Primary dysmenorrhea makes teenagers difficult to concentrate in school which will decrease their academic achievement.

Objective: to investigate whether there is a correlation between Primary dysmenorrhea and academic achievement of students of SMP Islam Terpadu Pondok Pesantren Tahfidzul Qur’an (SMP IT PPTQ) Ibnu Abbas Klaten.

Method: This study is a case-control study through a quantitative approach and was supported with qualitative data. The research sample is 68 teenage girls of SMP IT PPTQ Ibnu Abbas Klaten who fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The cases groups are female students with low learning achievement, while the control group was female students with high learning achievement. The samples were taken using simple random sampling. Researcher used a structured questionnaire, interview and secondary data to collect the data. The data analysis was using descriptive and inferential analysis including bivariate analysis using chi-square test and multivariate analysis using logistic regression with 95% confidence intervals (CI) and a significance level of p <0.05.

Result and Discussion: The bivariate and multivariate analysis showed a significant correlation between primary dysmenorrhea and learning achievement. The possibility of finding girls with primary dysmenorrhea in the group of students who received a low learning achievement is 3 times larger than the group of students who received high learning achievement. Below-average intelligence is greater in the group of low-achieving students than the group of high-achieving students. There is a correlation between the variables of intelligence, stress level and frequency of dysmenorrhea and academic achievement. The variable of absences frequency not related to learning achievement.

Conclusion: There is correlation between primary dysmenorrhea and learning achievement (p=0.026). This study indicates that women and their school should pay attention to their menstrual function and dysmenorrhea phenomenon.

Keywords: learning achievement, primary dysmenorrhea, teenage, menstrual disorder


learning achievement; primary dysmenorrhea; teenage; menstrual disorder; prestasi belajar; dismenorea primer; remaja; gangguan menstruasi

Full Text:



Hickey, M. & Balen, A. 2003. Menstrual disorders in adolescence: investigation and management. Human reproduction update, 9(5): 493-504.

an Rensburg, K. 2011. Managing dysmenorrhoea in the pharmacy: review. SA Pharmaceutical Journal, 78(1): 42-44.

French, L. 2005. Dysmenorrhea. American family physician, 71(2): 285-291.

Susan, P. 1996. Adolescent Kingston girls’ school achievement: nutrition, health and social factors. Proceedings of the nutrition society, 55333-343.

Harel, Z. 2002. A contemporary approach to dysmenorrhea in adolescents. Pediatric Drugs, 4(12): 797-805.

Harlow, S. D. & Park, M. 1996. A longitudinal study of risk factors for the occurrence, duration and severity of menstrual cramps in a cohort of college women. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 103(11): 1134-1142.

Holder, A. 2012. Dysmenorrhea in Emergency Medicine. Diunduh dari: http://emedicine. medscape. com/article/795677-overview,

Ningsih, R., Setyowati, S. & Rahmah, H. 2013 Efektivitas Paket Pereda Nyeri Pada Remaja Dengan Dismenore. Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia, 16(2).

Tenkir, A., Fisseha, N. & Ayele, B. 2002. Premenstrual Syndrome :Prevalence and Effect on Academic and Social Performances of Students in Jimma University, Ethiopia. Ethiop journal health Dev,17, pp. 181-188.

Sukmadinata, N. S. 2003. Landasan psikologi proses pendidikan:Remaja Rosdakarya.

Ushie, M., Emeka, J., Ononga, G. & Owolabi, E. 2012. Influence of family structure on students’ academic performance in Agege local government area, Lagos state, Nigeria. European Journal of Educational Studies, 4(2): 177-187.

Lee, L., Chen, P., Lee, K. & Kaur, J. 2006. Menstruation among adolescent girls in Malaysia: a crosssectional school survey. Singapore medical journal, 47(10): 869-874.

Creswell, J. W. 2013. Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches:Sage publications

Lemeshow, S., Jr.D.W., H., Klar, J. & Lwanga, S. 1997. Besar Sampel dalam Penelitian Kesehatan, Yogyakarta: Gajah Mada University Press.

Sastroamoro, S. & Ismael, S. 2005. Dasar-Dasar Metodologi Penelitian Klinis, Jakarta: Dian Rakyat.

Lee, L., Chen, P., Lee, K. & Kaur, J. 2006.Menstruation among adolescent girls in Malaysia: a crosssectional school survey. Singapore medical journal, 47(10): 869-874.

Sundell, G., Milsom, I. & ANDERSCH, B. 1990. Factors influencing the prevalence and severity of dysmenorrhoea in young women. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 97(7): 588-594.

Sharma, P., Sharma, A., Taneja, D. K. & Saha, R. 2008. Problems related to menstruation and their effect on daily routine of students of a medical college in Delhi, India. Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health.

Singh, A., Kiran, D., Singh, H., Nel, B., Singh, P. & Tiwari, P. 2008. Prevalence and severity of dysmenorrhea: A problem related to menstruation, among first and second year female medical students.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2386 | views : 4538


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Jurnal Kesehatan Reproduksi

Jurnal Kesehatan Reproduksi Indexed by:



Departemen Obstetri dan Ginekologi, FK-KMK, UGM/RS Dr. Sardjito
Jl. Kesehatan No. 1, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281
Tlp: (0274) 511329 / Faks: (0274) 544003
Cp: Dwi Astuti +6281802698043