Rekonseptualisasi Dokumenter: Kebenaran Filmis dalam Perspektif Kognitif

https://doi.org/10.22146/jksks.28524

Renta Vulkanita Hasan(1*), Gabriel Roosmargo Lono Lastoro Simatupang(2), Kurniawan Adi Saputro(3)

(1) 
(2) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Institut Seni Indonesia Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Rekonseptualisasi dokumenter memiliki urgensi dalam kajian dokumenter untuk memberikan sudut pandang lain bagi klaim kebenaran filmis. Rekonseptualisasi ini berangkat dari persepektif film kognitif dengan melibatkan kegiatan menonton, di mana proses pemahaman dan pengalaman penonton menjadi dasar bagi rekonseptualisasi ini. Kajian literatur menjadi langkah awal dalam rekonsetualisasi dengan tujuan (1) mengkaji berbagai isu dan pemahaman dokumenter mutakhir: (2) memetakan dan mengulas teori-teori yang menjelaskan bagaimana dokumenter didefinisikan selama ini: dan (3) menentukan sudut pandang alternatif bagi kebenaran filmis bagi dokumenter. Rekonseptualisasi dilakukan bertahap melalui tiga jalur konseptual, yaitu: (a) penyelidikan terhadap penelitian terdahulu, (b) pemetaan problem dari penelitian terdahulu, dan (c) tawaran sudut pandang sebagai alternatif bagi penyelesaian problem terdahulu. Tiga jalur konseptualisasi tersebut dipilih dengan alasan bahwa sejak dokumenter didefinisikan dan diteorikan, maka saat itu juga muncul isu-isu sentral yang memusatkan pembicaraan terhadap klaim kebenaran. Problem terkait klaim kebenaran yang dimaksud, notabene diletakkan pada hubungan antara fakta (realitas) dan kebenaran filmis dalam film dokumenter, di mana hubungan itu memiliki keterkaitan yang sesungguhnya keduanya tidak dapat diidentikan.

Keywords


Rekonseptualisasi, Dokumenter, Kebenaran, Filmis, Kognitif



References

Aguilar, Gonzalo J. 2013. Andermann et al. (eds.), The Documentary: Between Reality and Fiction, between First and Third Person. Antonacopoulou, Elena P., Yiannis Gabriel. 2001. Emotion, Learning, and Organizational Change: Toward an Integration of Psychoanalytic and other Perspective. Journal of Organizational Change Management. 14; 5; ProQuest pg. 435. Aufderheide, Patricia. 2007. Documentary Film: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Ayisi, Florence, Catalin Brylla. 2013. The Politics of Representation and Audience Reception: Alternative Visions of Africa. Research in African Literatures. Volume 44, Number 2, , 125-141. Beattie, Keith. 2004. Documentary Series: Non-fiction Film and Television. New York: Palgrave Mac Millan. Blumenberg, Richard. M., 1977. Documentary Films and the Problem of "Truth". Journal of the University Film Association, Vol. 29, No. 4. Bordwell, David. 1991. Making Meaning: Inference and Rhetoric in the Interpretation of Cinema. USA: Harvard University Press. Bondebjerg, Ib. 2014. Documentary and Cognitive Theory: Narrative, Emotion and Memory, Journal of Media and Communication, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 13–22. Deogracias, José Cabeza San. 2013. Thinking about television audiences: Entertainment and reconstruction in nature documentaries. European Journal of Communication 28(5), 570–583. Eisenstein, Sergei. 1969. Film Form. San Diego: A Harvest Book. Ellis, Jack. C. 1989. The Documentary Idea: A Critical History of English-Language Documentary Film and Video. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. Michelle, Carolyn. 2007. Modes of Reception: A Consolidated Analytical Framework. The Communication Review, 10: 181–222. Nichols, Bill. 2001. Introduction to Documentary. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. Persson, Per. 2003. Understanding Cinema: A Psychological Theory of Moving Imagery. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Rosenthal, Alan (ed). 1988. New Challenge for Documentary: The Voice of Documentary. Berkeley: University of California. Takahashi, Tess. 2011. Experiments in Documentary Animation: Anxious Borders, Speculative Media. Animation: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 6(3) 231–245. Williams, Linda. 1993. Mirrors without Memories: Truth, History, and the New Documentary. Film Quarterly, Vol. 46, No. 3 (Spring, 1993). Wilson, Tony. 1997. Participatory Identification: Toward a Phenomenology of Audience Reception. Journal of Media International Australia No. 83, 113-122.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jksks.28524

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1258 | views : 2105

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Kajian Seni

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

This journal is published by Performing Arts and Visual Arts Studies, Graduate School, Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

web
statistics View My Stats