KAWASAN TANPA ROKOK SEBAGAI ALTERNATIF PENGENDALIAN TEMBAKAU STUDI EFEKTIVITAS PENERAPAN KEBIJAKAN KAMPUS BEBAS ROKOK TERHADAP PERILAKU DAN STATUS MEROKOK MAHASISWA DI FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN UGM, YOGYAKARTA



Yayi Suryo Prabandari(1*)

(1) 
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: In favor of the economic value of tobacco,
Indonesia has minimal anti-smoking policies and regulations.
Even though smoking is not permitted in the government offices,
health facilities, and schools, the regulation has not yet been
fully implemented, particularly in tertiary education institutions
such as universities. Faculty of medicine, as institution
educating future medical professional, should be role model in
implementing the tobacco free campus policy.
Objective: The present study examines the effectiveness of
tobacco free campus policy in the Faculty of Medicine,
University of Gadjah Mada (FM UGM) in Yogyakarta Province.
Method: Two cross-sectional surveys on medical student
smoking behaviors were conducted in 2003 (n=734) and 2007
(n=463), respectively. The prevalence of smoking and quitting
effort were measured in both surveys. Student’s opinion on
tobacco free campus policy was measured in 2007.
Result: The percentage of male non-smoker has increased
19.1%, while among female was 1.2%. While 11.9% students
stopped smoking when they were admitted in FM UGM, 6%
quitted smoking following the tobacco free campus
implementation and 7% reduced the number of cigarettes
smoked. Moreover, ninety percent of male and 94% of female
students at public schools supported the implementation of
tobacco free campus policy.
Conclusion: The implementation of tobacco free campus
policy has positive impact on reducing smoking behavior and
promoting quitting behavior among students in FM UGM. Both
male and female students unanimously support the tobacco
free area.
Keywords: smoke free area, smoking status, smoking behavior,
university student

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