KINERJA PENERAPAN SISTEM MANAJEMEN KESELAMATAN DAN KESEHATAN KERJA PERUSAHAAN PESERTA PROGRAM JAMINAN KECELAKAAN KERJA PADA PT JAMSOSTEK CABANG MEDAN



Gerry Silaban(1*)

(1) 
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: The high number of industrial accident is caused
by management dysfunction in term of occupational health
and safety. The implementation of occupational health and
management system (OHSMS) established by the Regulation
of The Minister of Manpower No. 05/1996, is a government
policy that has to be implemented by the enterprises in the
attempt to decrease industrial accident rate. The performance
of OHSMS implementation is assessed by OHSMS audit to
gather objective evidence from strength and weakness in the
implementation of occupational health and safety in work places.
Method: The type of this research is survey research.
Research sample was established based on the manpower
number criteria of at least 100 people in each enterprise. The
performance of OHSMS implementation based on 12 OHSMS
audit elements was known to be correlated with 5 OHSMS
implementation principles. One factor repeated observation
variance analysis was used to test the performance difference
of 12 OHSMS audit items and 5 OHSMS implementation principles.
Result: A number of 53 (96.36%) enterprises fulfilled 0-60%
criteria and 2 enterprises (3.64%) fulfilled 60-84% criteria from
166 OHSMS audit criteria. The mean criteria fulfillment number
(percentage) was highest achieved (scored 4) in 5th element
(purchasing) that is 4 out from 7 criteria (57.14%) in 5th element.
Mean score of 5th element was reached with the highest
percentage (74.87% from 5th element maximum score). F-test
result showed a significant difference (p < 0.01) in 12 OHSMS
audit elements performance and t-test showed variety between
each performance in 12 OHSMS audit elements. Mean criteria
fulfillment number (percentage) was highest achieved (scored
4) in 3rd principle that is 20 out of 67 criteria (29.85%) of 3rd
principle. Principle 3 means score was reached with the highest
percentage (55.40% from 3rd principle maximum score). F-test
result showed a significant difference (p < 0.01) in 5 principles
of OHSMS implementation performance and t-test resulted in
variety between each principle performance in 5 principles of
OHSMS implementation.
Conclusion: Management should have a commitment and
involve all workers in enhancing OHSMS implementation
performance to reduce industrial accident rate which lead to
productivity and work quality improvement.
Keywords: industrial accident, registered enterprises in the
employment accident benefit program, the implementation
performance of occupational health and management system





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