PERAN TENAGA TEKNIS KEFARMASIAN DALAM MENURUNKAN ANGKA KEJADIAN MEDICATION ERROR

https://doi.org/10.22146/jmpk.v14i04.2571

Sarmalina Simamora(1*)

(1) 
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Introduction: Medication error in term is the incidence that
can be harmful to the patient due to human error in handling
hospitalized patient care that actually can be avoided. Medication
error can be classified as: dispensing errors, prescribing
errors and administration errors. Among of medication error
caused by less communication, loading work, distribution system
and a role of occupational health care was low enough.
Objective: The aim of this research was to evaluate the frequency
and type’s incidence of medication error by a role of
occupational pharmacy working at hospitalized room care.
Based on active participation they act to check the appropriate
of Medical notes, Recipe (R/), Nursing drug administration notes;
such as identity of patient, Medical record number, product
name, quantity, posology, strengthening, doses ,and direction
of doses.
Methods: This research was pre-experimental, which took
pre-post intervention approach. Data Collection were conducted
in three steps; pre-participation, being-participation and
post-partcipation. To indentify the incidence of medication error
of their active participant determined by Chi-Square statistically
performance.
Result. As the result of 94 samples patient there were the
influences of occupational pharmacy among inter variability in
which the odds ratio value was 4,055, p value 0,0001. Among
of medication error the higher performance were administration
phase 81,32%, prescribing phase 15,88 % and transcribing
phase 2,8%.
Conclusion: Increasing a role of occupational pharmacy in
the hospitalized health care can be lowering the incidence of
medication error due to their active participation.
Keywords: medication error, RK Charitas Hospital, occupational
pharmacy




DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jmpk.v14i04.2571

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