KOTAK HITAM SISTEM PENETAPAN KEBIJAKAN DAN FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHINYA



Dumilah Ayuningtyas(1*)

(1) 
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


A policy can be manifested in statement, action, regulation,
and law as decision result about how to implement something.
Policy decision in health sector is a related system of the
surrounding condition such social factors, politic, economy,
history, and other factor that influenced. There is a circuit of
component, process, resources allocation, actor, and authority
that play role in policy-making. Therefore the result policy is
such a product of elite interaction in every detail of that policymaking
including attraction of interests between the actors,
authority interaction, resources allocation, and bargaining
position on involved elites. Policy-making system cannot avoid
from individual or certain group effort which endeavor to
influence the decision makers so as to cause a policy more
benefited for their side. There are factors that influencing
individual politic behavior of actor either external (social politic
environment) or internal (personality, behavior, value, interest).
Keywords : health policy, policy making process as a system,
black box in policy making process





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