PENGENDALIAN FAKTOR DETERMINAN SEBAGAI UPAYA PENATALAKSANAAN HIPERTENSI DI TINGKAT PUSKESMAS



S.A. Nugraheni(1*)

(1) 
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: Obesity is the one of hypertension risk factors
which is influenced by food intake and physical exercise. The
aim of this study was to know the correlation between the
determinant factors and the systolic blood pressure to manage
hypertension cases especially at primary health care level.
Method: This study used survey method with cross sectional
approach. The population were the adult men between 40 –
60 years old who live in The Bina Marga complex in Semarang.
The sample 32 adult men who were chosen purposively. The
data were collected by interviews, recall method 2 x 24 hour
not in sequence, anthropometrics measure and examination
blood pressure. The data were analyzed by pearson product
moment test and multiplied linear regression.
Result: Result of the study were: respondents with possibility
of risked waist hip ratio (3,1%), over body mass index (43,8%),
less physical exercise (56,3%), over fat intake (40,6%),
enough natrium intake (12,5%), less fibre intake (53,1%), less
potassium intake (81,3%), less calcium intake (43,8%) and
high blood pressure (46,9%). Statistic analysis showed that
there were correlation between physical exercise, fat intake,
natrium intake, fibre intake, potassium intake and systolic blood
pressure.
Conclusions: Suggestions for the prevention of hypertension
in primary health care level are doing physical exercise,
decreasing fat intake less than 30% of the total energy,
decreasing natrium intake less than 2300 mg/day, increasing
fibre intake more than 25 gram/day, increasing potassium intake
until 2500 mg/day and checking the blood pressure regularly.
Keywords: waist hip ratio, body mass index, physical exercise,
fat, natrium, fibre, potassium, calcium, systolic blood pressure





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