Profil Vulva dan Suhu Tubuh Kambing Peranakan Etawa pada Sinkronisasi Estrus Menggunakan Medroxy Progesterone Acetate dan Suplementasi Zinc (Zn)

https://doi.org/10.22146/jntt.42755

Muhammad Rosyid Ridlo(1*), Risa Ummami(2), Naela Wanda Yusria Dalimunthe(3), Dhasia Ramandani(4), Nur Ika Prihanani(5), Morsid Andityas(6), Tri Satya Mastuti Widi(7)

(1) Program Studi Diploma Kesehatan Hewan, Departemen Teknologi Hayati dan Veteriner, Sekolah Vokasi, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Program Studi Diploma Kesehatan Hewan, Departemen Teknologi Hayati dan Veteriner, Sekolah Vokasi, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Program Studi Diploma Kesehatan Hewan, Departemen Teknologi Hayati dan Veteriner, Sekolah Vokasi, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(4) Program Studi Diploma Kesehatan Hewan, Departemen Teknologi Hayati dan Veteriner, Sekolah Vokasi, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(5) Program Studi Diploma Kesehatan Hewan, Departemen Teknologi Hayati dan Veteriner, Sekolah Vokasi, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(6) Program Studi Diploma Kesehatan Hewan, Departemen Teknologi Hayati dan Veteriner, Sekolah Vokasi, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(7) Laboratorium Ternak Potong, Kerja dan Kesayangan, Departemen Produksi Ternak, Fakultas Peternakan UGM
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Peranakan Etawa (PE) goat farming is one of the growing livestock sectors in Indonesia. Indonesia needs a sustainable breeding system that can guarantee the availability of goats. Estrus synchronization is a necessity that can help uniform the breeding time and manage the time of pregnancy and birth. Artificial estrus synchronization techniques that use a combination of Prosterone and Zinc minerals give good results of estrus synchronization in goats. The Aim of this research is to understand the combination efectiveness of estrus synchronization technique with progesterone acetate and Zinc supplementation. The design of this study used two treatment groups, each group consisting of three does PE goats. Estrus synchronization of experimental animals in treatment 1 and 2 was carried out using polyurethane sponge implant method which contained medroxi progesterone acetate 60 mg. Group 1 was given Sponge Progesterone for nine 9 days while giving Zinc (Zn) mineral supplement (Elemental Zn 20 mg, Kimia Farma) orally given 7 times. The frequency of Zinc administration every day begins during intra vaginal sponge insertion. Group 2 was treated same as group 1 with 14 days of implant time and 7 times of Zinc supplementation.The results showed that both treatments occurred estrus simultaneously with good estrus quality. Both treatments show the results of the estrus 8 score assessment with the estrus 3-9 range. The maximum estrus quality’s value of group 2 was higher (8.33 ± 0.57) compared to group 1 (8.0 ± 1.0). The estrus duration of group 2 occurs for 24 hours and group 1 for 7 hours. Estrus onset of Group 2 is earlier (58 hours) than group 1 (75 hours). Both treatment groups showed an increase in temperature at period of the occurrence of estrus. Body temperature during estrus time was 38.7 ± 0.20 0C to 39.60 ± 0.26 0C. The conclusion of this study is that in both treatments of estrus synchronization using sponge progesterone and zinc supplementation can cause estrus synchronization effectively . The duration of estrus in group 1 (9 days of implant) was Shorter than group 2 (14 days of implant). The onset of estrus time of group 1 (9 days of implant) was longer than Group 2 (14 days of implant). The body temperature of the experimental animals increases with the occurrence of estrus.

Keywords


Estrus Synchronization; Medroxi Progesterone Acetate; Zinc

Full Text:

PDF


References

Adriani, A., Sutardi, T., Sutama, I.K., dan Manalu, W. 2004. Pengaruh Superovulasi dan Suplementasi Mineral Seng dalam Ransum pada Induk kambing terhadap Pertumbuhan Anaknya. J. Indon. Trop. Anim. Agric.29(4).(177-183).2004. Cochran P.E. 2011. Veterinary Anatomy and Physiology: A Clinical Laboratory Manual (2nd ed). New York. USA : Delmar. Cengage Learning, (Chapter 14). Kawu, M., Lakpini, C., Ayo, J., Fatihu, M., Yaqub, L., Habibu, B., Shittu, M., Aluwong, T., and Ambali, S. 2015. Influence of Season and Oestrous Cycle Phase on Serum Progesterone and Thyroxine Profiles in Savanna Brown Goats. IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science (IOSR-JAVS). e-ISSN: 2319-2380, p-ISSN: 2319-2372. Volume 8, Issue 12 Ver. I (Dec. 2015), PP 15-22. Kurniasih, N.N., Fuah, A.M., dan Priyanto, R. 2013. Karakteristik Reproduksi dan Perkembanga Populasi Kambing peranakan Etawah di Lahan Pasca Galian Pasir Machiya, P., Sarmah, B.K., Chakravarty, P., Biswas, R.K., Sarmah, B.C., and Deka, B.C. 2011. Reproductive Performances in Goat Following Synchronization if Oestrus iith Progesteroneimpregnated Vaginal Sponge ind Gonadotropin. Indian J. Anim. Res., 46 46 (3) : 258 - 262, 2012. Mehmood, A., Andrabi, S.M.H., Anwar, M., and Rafiq, M. 2011. Estrus Synchronization and Artificial Insemination in Goats during Low Breeding Season-A Preliminary Study. Pak Vet J, 2011, 31(2): 157-159. Ridlo, M.R., Budiyanto A., Yuriadi. 2015. Kajian Aplikasi Hormon Gnrh dan Suplementasi Seng Terhadap Litter Size Kambing Ras Campuran. Tesis. Program Studi Magister Sain Veteriner. Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan. Universitas Gadjah Mada. Yogyakarta. Siregar, T.N. 2009. Estrogen and Progesterone Profile in Aceh Local Goat Estrous Cycle. J. Ked. Hewan Vol. 3 No. 2 September 2009 Zaenuri, L.A dan Rodiah. 2016. Efektifitas Progesteron Kering dan Basah Sebagai Perangsang Birahi Ternak Kambing. Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Indonesia Volume 2 (1): 129 - 133; Juni 2016.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jntt.42755

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2194 | views : 8662

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Jurnal Nasional Teknologi Terapan (JNTT)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Nasional Teknologi Terapan Indexed by:


  

Web
AnalyticsView My Stats