Flower-Insect Visitor Interaction: Study Case on Rhododendron inundatum Sleumer in Bali Botanic Garden

https://doi.org/10.22146/jtbb.25443

Farid Kuswantoro(1*)

(1) Bali Botanic Garden
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The Rhododendron-insect relationship was quite well studied in the northern hemisphere. However, information on the flower-insect relationship of the Indonesian Rhododendron was limited. This study aims to find the interaction between Rhododendron inundatum Sleumer collected in Bali Botanic Garden and its flower-visiting insect. The study was conducted by observing insect visitation to the flower of R. inundatum for 1 hour a day and repeated for nine days. Data analysis was conducted by calculating the Visitation Rate (VR) of each visitor taxa to determine its frequency. Study result showed that R. inundatum in Bali Botanic Garden was visited mainly by Chrysopa sp., as well as members of the Vespidae, Curculionidae, Muscidae, Drosophilidae, and Tephritidae. The result of this study was dissimilar with the previous study of white-flowered Rhododendron, which was mainly visited by moths.

Keywords


Flower-insect relationship, Rhododednron, Botanic Garden

Full Text:

PDF


References

Argent, G. 2006. Rhododendron of Subgenus Vireya. The Royal Horticultural Society. London P. 64. ISBN 1-902896-61-0.

Bozsik, A. 1992. Natural Adult Food of Some Important Chrysopa Species (Planipennia: Chrysopidae). Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungnrica 27 (1 -4), pp. 141 -146.

Craven, L.A. 2007. “Ericaceae of Papua” in A.J. Marshall and B.M. Beehler (Eds.). The Ecology of Papua: Part One. Periplus edition. Hongkong. P. 391-392. ISBN-10: 0-7946-0393-9. ISBN-13: 978-0-7946-0393-9.

Cruttwel, N.E.G., 1988. Natural Hybridization Among Rhododendrons in Papua New Guinea. The Rhododendron 27(3): 50-58.

Fenster, C.B., W.S. Armbruster, P. Wilson, M.R. Dudash and J.D. Thomson. 2004. Pollination Syndromes and Floral Specialization. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst. 35:375–403 doi: 10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.34.011802.132347.

Georgian, E., Z. Fang, E. Emshwiller and A. Pidgeon. 2015. The Pollination Ecology Of Rhododendron floccigerum Franchet (Ericaceae) In Weixi, Yunnan Province, China. Journal of Pollination Ecology, 16 (11): 72-81.

Gibbs, D., D. Chamberlain and G. Argent. 2011. The Red List of Rhododendrons. Botanic Gardens Conservation International, Richmond, UK. P. 5.

Jing, I., N. Puro and S.K. Chaturvedi. 2015. Pollination Biology of Rhododendron elliottii Watt ex Brandis (Ericaceae). The International Journal of Plant Reproductive Biology 7(2) pp.159-164. DOI 10.14787/ijprb.2015 7.2.159-164

Jolivet. P. 1998. Interrelationship Between Insect and Plants. CRC Press. Florida. USA. P. 175. ISBN 1-57444-052-7

Ono, A., I. Dohzono and T. Sugawara. 2008. Bumblebee pollination and reproductive biology of Rhododendron semibarbatum (Ericaceae). J. Plant. Res. 121:319–327. DOI 10.1007/s10265-008-0155-y

Paul, A., M.L. Khan, A. Arunachalam and K. Arunachalam. 2005. Biodiversity and Conservation of Rhododendrons in Arunachal Pradesh in The Indo-Burma Biodiversity Hotspot. Current Science Vol. 89, No. 4, pp. 623-634.

Rahma and Salim. 2014. Cocopet Sebagai Predator Dan Polinator Pada Tanaman Kelapa. Prosiding Konferensi Nasional Kelapa VIII. Jambi-Indonesia.

Richardson D.M., N. Allsopp, C.M. D’Antonio, S.J. Milton, and M. Rejmanek. 2000. Plant invasions – the role of mutualisms. Biol. Rev. 75, 65–93. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-185X.1999.tb00041.x

Spackman, S.C., G. Doyle, and D.G. Anderson. 2001. Visiting insect diversity and visitation rates for two globally-imperiled plant species in Colorado’s Mosquito Range. Unpublished report prepared for the Native Plant Conservation Alliance, National Fish and Wildlife Foundation by the Colorado Natural Heritage Program, Fort Collins, CO.

Spira T.P. 2011. Wildflowers and Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont: A Naturalist's Guide to the Carolinas, Virginia, Tennessee, and Georgia (Southern Gateways Guides). University of Carolina Press. P 305. ISBN: 978-0-8078-7172-0.

Stevens, P.F. 1976. The altitudinal and geographical distributions of flower types in Rhododendron section Vireya, especially in the Papuasian species, and their significance. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 72: 1-33. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.1976.tb01392.x

Stevens, P.F. 1985. Malesian Vireya Rhododendrons – Towards an Understanding Of Their Evolution. Notes from the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburg. 43: 63-80.
Stout, J.C. 2000. Does size matter? Bumblebee behaviour and the pollination of

Cytisus scoparius L. (Fabaceae). Apidologie 31, 129–139. DOI: 10.1051/apido:2000111

Stout, J.C. 2007. Pollination of invasive Rhododendron ponticum (Ericaceae) in Ireland. Apidologie 38:198-206. DOI: 10.1051/apido:2006071

Sugiura, S. 2012. Flower-visiting insect communities on two closely related Rhododendron species flowering in different seasons. Arthropod-Plant Interactions 6:333–344 DOI 10.1007/s11829-012-9187-2.

Ueno, T. 2015. Flower-Visiting by the Invasive Hornet Vespa Velutina Nigrithorax (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). International Journal of Chemical, Environmental & Biological Sciences (IJCEBS) Volume 3, Issue 6 pp: 444-448. ISSN 2320–4087 (online).



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jtbb.25443

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 453 | views : 300

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Journal of Tropical Biodiversity and Biotechnology

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Editoral address:

Faculty of Biology, UGM

Jl. Teknika Selatan, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta, 55281, Indonesia

ISSN: 2540-9573 (print), 2540-9581 (online)

 

Site visitors: 

web
analytics

View My Stats