Body Weight Gain and Carcass Quality of the Hybrid Chicken Derived from the Crossing between Female F1 Kampung Super and Male F1 Kampung-Broiler

Utin Elsya Puspita(1), Hendry T.S.S.G. Saragih(2), Tety Hartatik(3), Budi Setiadi Daryono(4*)

(1) Laboratory of Genetics and Breeding, Faculty of Biology, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Laboratory of Animal Structure and Development, Faculty of Biology, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Laboratory of Animal Genetics and Breeding, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(4) Laboratory of Genetics and Breeding, Faculty of Biology, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author


This research was conducted to observe the body weight gain and carcass quality of the hybrid chicken derived from the crossing between female F1 Kampung Super and male F1 Kampung-Broiler. The weekly weight gain for seven weeks and carcass quality, including breast yield, protein content, lipid content, moisture, and pH were measured with each group consists of six individuals. The chickens were slaughtered for meat quality measurements on the 7th week. The results showed that the hybrid chickens’ weight at the 7th week (888.22±139.63) was higher than layer (467.06±85.7) and pelung (436.39±42.33). The hybrid chicken’s breast yield (3.20%) was significantly higher than pelung’s (1.66%). These characteristics of hybrid chicken breast muscle lead to the conclusion that hybrid chicken is a potential alternative meat-type chicken with local chicken meat characteristics and has relatively fast growth.


breast yield; chicken breeding; hybrid chicken; meat quality; weekly weight gain

Full Text:



AOAC International, 2007, AOAC official method 2007.04 fat, moisture, and protein in meat and meat products. Journal of AOAC International, 90, pp.1073.

Anh, N.T.L, Kunhareang, S. & Duangjindam, M., 2015, Association of chicken growth hormones and insulin-like growth factor gene polymorphisms with growth performance and carcass traits in Thai broilers. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Science, 28, pp.1686–1695.

Barbic, J., Milicevic, D., Vrani, D., Lukic, M. & Petrovic, Z., 2014, The effect of season of transportation on the welfare of broilers and selected parameters of broilers meat quality. Tehnologija Mesa, 55(1), pp.46–53.

Beauclercq, S. et al., 2017, Muscle transcriptome analysis reveals molecular pathways and biomarkers involved in extreme ultimate pH and meat defect occurrence in chicken. Scientific Reports, 7, pp.6447.

Berri, C. et al., 2001, Effect of selection for improved body composition on muscle and meat characteristics of broilers from experimental and commercial lines. Poultry Science, 80, pp.833–838.

Berri, C. et al., 2007, Consequence of muscle hypertrophy on characteristics of Pectoralis major muscle and breast meat quality of broiler chickens. Journal of Animal Science, 85, pp.2005–2011.

Buzala, M., Janicki, B. & Czarnecki, R., 2015, Consequences of different growth rates in broiler breeders and layer hens on embryogenesis, metabolism, and metabolic rate: a review. Poultry Science, 94, pp.728–733.

Decai, X. et al., 2017, Correlation analysis of relative expression of Apob, Adfp, and Fatp1 with lipid metabolism in Daweishan mini chickens. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science, 19, pp.151–158.

Dixon, L.M., Sparks, N.H.C. & Rutherford, K.M.D., 2016, Early experiences matter: a review of the effects of prenatal environment on offspring characteristics in poultry. Poultry Science, 95, pp. 489–499.

Everaert, N. et al., 2010, The effect of the protein level in a pre-starter diet on the post-hatch performance and activation of ribosomal protein S6 kinase in muscle of neonatal broilers. British Journal of Nutrition, 103, pp.206–211.

Fanatico, A.C., Cavitt, L.C., Pillai, P.B., Emmert, J.L. & Owens, C.M., 2005, Evaluation of slower-growing broiler genotypes grown with and without outdoor access: meat quality. Poultry Science, 84, pp. 1785–1790.

Guo-Bin, C. et al., 2010, Developmental rule of intramuscular fat content in chicken. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 9, pp.297–298.

Hocquette, J.F. et al., 2010, Intramuscular fat content in meat-producing animals: development, genetic and nutritional controls, and identification of putative markers. Animal, 4, pp.303–319.

Khaerunnisa, I. et al., 2017, The associations of GH and GHR genes with carcass components in Indonesian kampung and Broiler chicken cross. Media Peternakan, 40, pp.78–87.

Le Bihan-Duval, E. et al., 2008, Chicken meat quality: genetic variability and relationship with growth and muscle characteristics. BMC Genetics, 9, pp.53.

Liu, L. et al., 2016, Intramuscular fat accumulation at different post-hatching ages in chickens. PLOS One, 11, e0159722.

Liu, L., Cui, H., Fu, R., Zheng, M., Liu, R., Zhao, G. & Wen, J., 2017, The regulation of IMF deposition in pectoralis major of fast- and slow-growing chickens at hatching. Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology, 8, pp. 77–84.

Liu, L. et al., 2019, Effect of divergent selection for intramuscular fat accumulation at different post-hatching ages in chickens. PLOS One, 11, e0159722.

Lonergan, S.M. et al., 2003, Breast meat quality and composition in unique chicken populations. Poultry Science, 82(12), pp.1990–1994.

Milicevic, D. et al., 2015, Physicochemical and functional properties of chicken meat. Procedia Food Science, 5, pp.191–194.

Mir, N.A. et al., 2017, Determinants of broiler chicken meat quality and factors affecting them: a review. Journal of Food. Science and Technology, 54(10), pp. 2997–3009.

Nataamijaya, A.G., 2010, Development of native chicken potential to improve farmer’s welfare. Jurnal Pengembangan Pertanian, 29, pp.131–138. (Indonesian version).

Pauwels, J. et al., 2015, Selection for growth performance in broiler chickens associates with less diet flexibility. PLOS One, 10, e0127819.

Petracci, M. et al., 2015, Meat quality in fast-growing broiler chickens. Worlds Poultry Science Journal, 71, pp.363–374.

Puspita, U.E. et al., 2017, Effect of varying levels of protein and energy in pre-starter feeds on pectoralis muscle development of Kampung Super chicks (Gallus gallus gallus). Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 12, pp.31–37.

Saragih, H.T.S.G., Roosdianto, I., & Daryono, B. S., 2017, Pectoralis thoracicus muscle performance of hybrid chicken (F1) derived from crossbreed between broiler and pelung (Gallus gallus gallus). Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan, 11, pp.62–64.

Saragih, H.T.S.G. et al., 2019, Phenotypic characteristics of exotic-broiler, kampung, male exotic-layer, KUB-1, and pelung chickens. Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner, 24, pp.9–14.

Sato, K. et al., 2012, Polymorphism of insulin-like growth factor 1 gene is associated with breast muscle yields in chickens. Animal Science Journal, 83, pp.1–6.

Sokolowicz, Z., Krawczyk, J. & Świątkiewicz, S., 2016, Quality of poultry meat from native chicken breeds–a review. Annals of Animal Science, 16, pp.347–368.

Torrescano, G. S., Sánchez-Esalante, A., Giménez, B., Roncalés, P. & Beltrán, J.A, 2003, Shear values of raw samples of 14 bovine muscles and their relation to muscle collagen characteristics. Meat Science, 64, pp. 85–91.

Velleman, S.G., 2007, Muscle development in the embryo and hatchling. Poultry Science, 6, pp. 1050–1054.

Wang, S.Z. et al., 2012, Quantitative trait loci associated with body weight and abdominal fat traits on chicken chromosomes 3, 5 and 7. Genetics and Molecular Research, 11, pp.956–965.

Ye, Y. et al., 2014, Analysis of differentially expressed genes and signaling pathways related to intramuscular fat deposition in skeletal muscle of sex-linked dwarf chickens. BioMed Research International, 2014, pp.1–7.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 153 | views : 63


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Tropical Biodiversity and Biotechnology

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Editoral address:

Faculty of Biology, UGM

Jl. Teknika Selatan, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta, 55281, Indonesia

ISSN: 2540-9581 (online)