The Increase of Sumatran Tiger’s Prey Following Eradication of Melastoma malabatrichum in Way Kambas National Park, Indonesia

https://doi.org/10.22146/jtbb.63972

Jani Master(1*), Ibnul Qayim(2), Dede Setiadi(3), Nyoto Santoso(4)

(1) Plant Biology Graduate Program, Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, IPB University
(2) Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural, IPB University
(3) Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural, IPB University
(4) Department of Forest Resources Conservation and Ecoturism, Faculty of Forestry, IPB University
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The invasion of the planter's rhododendron (Melastoma malabatrichum) in Way Kambas National Park caused the loss of the sumatran tiger preys feeding ground, therefore efforts were made to eradicate the plant. This study aimed to compare the presence of sumatran tiger preys between M. malabatrichum-invaded location and eradicated location. Eradication was carried out by removing M. malabatrichum on a plot measuring 80 x 60 m2. To record the animal visit, the camera traps were placed at the eradicated and invaded location of M. malabatrichum for comparison. The results showed that the M. malabatrichum eradicated location was more frequently visited by sumatran tiger preys. At the M. malabatrichum eradicated location, camera traps recorded 19 species of wild boar having the highest encounter rate (55.23) followed by sambar deer (33.24), and long-tailed macaque (17.43). Meanwhile, at the M. malabatrichum invaded location, camera traps recorded 13 species with wild boar having the highest encounter rate (30.56), followed by sambar deer (14.75), and long-tailed macaque (14.48). Thus, the eradication of M. malabatrichum had a good impact on increasing the number of sumatran tiger preys due to the availability of feed after being free from M. malabatrichum invasion.


Keywords


feeding ground; invasive species; Melastoma malabatrichum; sumatran tiger; tiger preys

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jtbb.63972

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