Essential Oils Composition of Kaffir Lime (Citrus hystrix DC.) Collection of Bogor Botanic Gardens from Central Java and East Sumba

https://doi.org/10.22146/jtbb.66061

Inggit Puji Astuti(1*), Kartika Dyah Palupi(2), Frisca Damayanti(3)

(1) Research Center for Plant Conservation and Botanic Gardens, National Research and Innovation Agency, Jl. Ir. H. Djuanda No.13 Bogor 16122, West Java, Indonesia
(2) Research Center for Chemistry, National Research and Innovation Agency, Gd. 452 PUSPIPTEK, Tangerang Selatan 15314, Banten, Indonesia
(3) Research Center of Plant Conservation and Botanic Gardens, Indonesian Institute of Science
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The Bogor Botanical Gardens' Citrus hystrix collections from East Sumba and Central Java differ in morphology and fruit aroma compared to the common C. hystrix. Hence, this study aimed to determine the essential oils' compositions of C. hystrix originated from Central Java and East Sumba to further clarify these differences. Extraction of essential oils were done using hydro-distillation, and the chemical compositions were investigated using GC-MS. The main compound of the leaf oil from East Sumba and Central Java was Linalool and Citronellal, respectively. Meanwhile, the main constituents were almost identical for the fruit oils, namely L-β-Pinene, D-Limonene, and L-α-Terpineol.

 


Keywords


aromatic constituents; fruit oil; hydro-distillation method; leaf oil; kaffir lime

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References

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jtbb.66061

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