Diversity, Abundance, and Traditional Uses of Asteraceae Species in Mount Bisma, Dieng Plateau, Kejajar, Wonosobo, Central Java


Bima Kurniawan(1), Purnomo Purnomo(2), Rina Sri Kasiamdari(3*)

(1) Faculty of Biology, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jl. Teknika Selatan, Sekip Utara, Sinduadi, Mlati, Sleman, Special Region of Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(2) Laboratory of Plant Systematics, Faculty of Biology, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jl. Teknika Selatan, Sekip Utara, Sinduadi, Mlati, Sleman, Special Region of Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(3) Laboratory of Plant Systematics, Faculty of Biology, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jl. Teknika Selatan, Sekip Utara, Sinduadi, Mlati, Sleman, Special Region of Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


Asteraceae is the largest and most diverse family of flowering plants which contains more than 20,000 species distributed in nearly all types of habitats all over the world. In mountainous regions such as Mount Bisma, it is estimated to have plenty and diverse member of the Asteraceae family, and used in the local community for various uses. This research aimed to understand the diversity, abundance, and uses of Asteraceae members that are found wild in Mount Bisma. Taxonomy and ecological data were gathered using an exploration method and purposive sampling method, from the point, a plot measured 3x3 m2 was created to estimate the vegetation parameters in the mountain top and mountain valley area. Ethnobotanical data were gathered in Sikunang Village, a nearby village of Mount Bisma using a semi-structured interview and open-ended questions. Data were analysed descriptively and quantitatively using several indices such as Importance Value Index (IVI), Index of Cultural Significance (ICS), and index of Use Value (UV). The result showed that there were 18 species from two subfamilies that grew wild in both mountain top and valley of Mount Bisma. The highest importance value belonged to Ageratina riparia, which was scored in the mountain top and valley 71.00 and 91.53, respectively. Uses of Asteraceae in Sikunang were varies, ranging from being a side dish, medicine, firewood, souvenir, and other uses. Galinsoga parviflora and Galinsoga quadriradiata showed the highest ICS value of 41, whereas Austroeupatorium inulifolium scored the highest in UV of 1.8. The study presented high number of Asteraceae diversity and use. Thus, implies that Mount Bisma has vast unexplored biodiversity and locals around Mount Bisma have rich traditional knowledge.



Asteraceae, Mount Bisma, Dieng Plateau, species diversity, abundance, ethnobotany

Full Text:



Abdiyani, S., 2008. The Diversity of Understories Medicinal Plants in Dieng Plateau. Jurnal Penelitian Hutan dan Konservasi Alam, V(1), pp.79-92. doi: 10.20886/jphka.2008.5.1.79-92

Al Farishy, D. D. & Salamah, A., 2021. Asteraceae Diversity and A New Record for Java at Citalahab Village, Gunung Halimun-Salak National Park. Jurnal Biologi Tropis, 21(2), pp.383-392. doi: 10.29303/jbt.v21i2.2619

Backer, C. A. & Brink, B., 1965, Flora of Java (Spermatophytes only) volume II, Nordhoff, Groningen.

Barbour, M. G. et al., 1987, Terrestrial Plant Ecology, 2nd edition, The Benjamin/Cummings Publishing Company, California.

Bhattacharyya, B., 2016, Botani Sistematik. 2nd edition, Penerbit Buku Kedokteran EGC, Jakata.

Chandrasiri, I. et al., 2015. Phytotoxicity, cytotoxicity, and antioxidant activity of the invasive shrub Austroeupatorium inulifolium (Kunth.) R.M. King & H.Rob. Ceylon Journal of Science, 44(1), pp.91-99. doi: 10.4038/cjsbs.v44i2.7354

Clements, D. R. et al., 2004. The biology of Canadian weeds. 128. Leucanthemum vulgare Lam. Canadian. Journal of Plant Science, 84, pp.343-363. doi: 10.4141/P02-112

Compositae Working Group (CWG), 2021, Global Compositae Database, viewed 16 June 2021, from http://www.compositae.org, doi: 10.14284/411

Cotton, C., 1996, Ethnobotany Principles and Applications, John Wiley and Sons Ltd., West Sussex.

Dairo, F. A. S. & Adanlawo, I. G., 2007. Nutritional Qualiry of Crassocephalum crepidioides and Senecio biafrae. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 6(1), pp.35-39. doi: 10.3923/pjn.2007.35.39

Funk, V. A. et al., 2009. Classification of Compositae. In Systematics, Evolution, and Biogeography of Compositae. Vienna: International Association for Plant Taxonomy, pp.171-176.

Handayani, A. et al., 2021. Assessing the utilization of naturalized alien plant species by community to inform its management strategy: A case study in Cibodas Biosphere Reserve, West Java, Indonesia. Biodiversitas, 22(7), pp.2579-2588. doi: 10.13057/biodiv/d220705

Harijoko, A. et al., 2016. Geochronology and Magnetic Evolution of the Dieng Volcanic Complex, Central Java, Indonesia and Their Relationships to Geothermal Resources. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 310, pp.209-224. doi: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2015.12.010

Jimoh, F. O. et al., 2011. Comparison of the Nutritive Value, Antioxidant, and Antibacterial Activities of Sonchus asper and Sonchus oleraceus. Resource of Natural Products, 5(1), pp.29-42.

Liu, X. C. et al., 2015. Larvicidal activity of the essential oil Youngia japonica aerial parts and its constitutents against Aedes albopictus. Zeitschrift fur Naturforschung, 70(1-2), pp.1-6. doi: 10.1515/znc-2014-4074

Megawati et al., 2017. Diversity of Asteraceae Family at Kalimpa'a Lake in Lore Lindu National Park. Natural Science: Journal of Science and Technology, 6(3), pp.239-253.

Nurpratama, M. I. et al., 2015. Detailed Surface Structural Mapping of the Dieng Geothermal Field in Indonesia. Proceedings World Geothermal Congress.

Nyuanti, A. S. et al., 2020. Risk Assessment and Management Recommendations of Invasive Species in Papandayan Mountain Natural Reserve, West Java. 3BIO: Journal of Biological Science, Technology, and Management, 2(2), pp.39-46. doi: 10.5614.3bio.2020.2.2.5

Partomihardjo, T. & Rahajoe, J. S., 2004, Pengumpulan Data Ekologi Tumbuhan. In Pedoman Pengumpulan Data Keanekaragaman Flora. Bogor: Pusat Penelitian Biologi - LIPI, pp.43-76.

Purnomo et al., 2016. Spesies Tumbuhan Penyusun Vegetasi Lantai di Wilayah Restorasi Taman Nasional Gunung Merapi di Ngablak, Magelang, Jawa Tengah. Journal of Tropical Biodiversity and Biotechnology, 1(2), pp.63-70. doi: 10.22146/jtbb.15282

Quattrochi, U., 2016, World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants: Common Names, Scientific Names, Eponyms, Synonyms, and Etymology, CRC Press, Boca Raton.

Rojas-Sandoval, J., 2020, Youngia japonica (oriental false hawksbeard). Invasive Species Compendium CABI, viewed 10 June 2021, from: doi: 10.1079/ISC.117921.20203483406.

Rugayah et al., 2004, Pengumpulan Data Taksonomi. In Pedoman Pengumpulan Data Keanekaragaman Flora. Bogor: Pusat Penelitian Biologi – LIPI, pp.5-40.

Santosa, D. et al., 2017. Kajian Keanekaragaman Jenis Tumbuhan Obat di Daerah Aliran Sungai Opak, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Majalah Farmaseutik, 13(1), pp.1-8.

Santosa, E. et al., 2020. Agroecology and Uses of Galinsoga parviflora as Indigenous Vegetables in Highland of Kuningan, Banjarnegara, and Wonosobo, Indonesia. Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia, 48(3), pp.339-347. doi: 10.24831/jai.v48i3.32800

Sardiwinata, J. S. et al., 2008, Cara Pengumpulan, Pembuatan, dan Pemeliharaan Koleksi Material Herbarium Pusat Konservasi Tumbuhan Kebun Raya Bogor, LIPI Press: Jakarta.

Setyawati, T. et al., 2015, A Guide Book to Invasive Plant Species in Indonesia, Research, Development, and Innovation Agency, Ministry of Environment and Forestry, Jakarta.

Sharmila, S. et al., 2014. Studies on the Folklore Medicinal Uses of Some Indigenous Plants among the Tribes of Thiashola, Manjoor, Nilgiris South Division, Western Ghats. International Journal of Plant, Animal, and Environmental Sciences, 4(3), pp.14-22.

Silalahi, M., 2016. Studi Etnomedisin di Indonesia dan Pendekatan Penelitiannya. Jurnal Dinamika Pendidikan, 9(3), pp.117-124.

Silalahi, M. et al., 2019, Tumbuhan Obat Sumatera Utara Jilid II: Dikotiledon, UKI Press, Jakarta.

Simpson, B. B., 2009. Economic Importance of Compositae. In Systematics, Evolution, and Biogeography of Compositae.Vienna: International Association for Plant Taxonomy, pp.45-58.

Sunarto et al., 2017. The Diversity Study of Asteraceae Family As Effort to Develop Ecotourism in Mount Lawu. Advances in Social Sciences, Education and Humanities Research, 79, pp.105-110. doi: 10.2991/icge-16.2017.21

Syamsuhidayat, S. S. & Hutapea, J. R., 1991, Inventaris Tanaman Obat Indonesia (I), Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Jakarta.

Tadesse, M., 2014. How to Study the Asteraceae (Compositae) with Special Reference to the Asteraceae of Fee. Ethiopian Journal of Biological Sciences, 13(Supp.), pp.91-101.

Turner, N., 1988. "The importance of a Rose": Evaluating the Cultural Significance of Plants in Thompson and Lillooet Interior Salish. American Anthropologist, 90(2), pp.272-290. doi: 10.1525/aa.1988.90.2.02a00020

Umartani, L. A. & Nahdi, M. S., 2021. Ethnobotany of Community Food Plants on the Slopes of Merapi and Merbabu, Central Java, Indonesia. Proceeding International Conference of Science Engineering, 4, pp.56-63.

Utomo, A. B. S. & Heddy, S., 2019. Etnobotani Edelweis (Anaphalis spp.) di Desa Ngadas, Taman Nasional Bromo Tengger Semeru. Jurnal Produksi Tanaman, 6(8), pp.1648-1654.

van Steenis, C. G. G. J., 2006, Flora Pegunungan Jawa, LIPI Press, Jakarta.

Walujo, E. B., 2004, Pengumpulan Data Etnobotani. In Pedoman Pengumpulan Data Keanekaragaman Flora.Bogor: Pusat Penelitian Biologi - LIPI, pp.77-92.

Wijayakusuma, H. M. H. et al., 1994, Tumbuhan Berkhasiat Obat di Indonesia Jilid I, Penerbit Kartini, Jakarta.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jtbb.66953

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2150 | views : 2244


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Tropical Biodiversity and Biotechnology

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Editoral address:

Faculty of Biology, UGM

Jl. Teknika Selatan, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta, 55281, Indonesia

ISSN: 2540-9581 (online)